Effects of Parental Migration on the Education Outcome of their Children: A Case of Sukuma Society in Tanzania

Imelda Gervas *

Department of Education Foundations and Administration, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3038, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Vituce Jelacy Kalungwizi

Department of Education Foundations and Administration, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3038, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Deus Lweyemamu

Department of Education Foundations and Administration, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3038, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The Purpose: To investigate the effects of parents’ migration on the schooling and education outcome of their children. The study was guided by three specific objectives, namely: (i) to find out the effects of parent migration on children's academic performance. (ii) to determine the awareness of immigrant parents towards their children academic outcome and lastly (iii) to analyze the strategies taken by different stakeholders to reduce the negative effect of migration towards children schooling and academic performance.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried in Ifakala District in Morogoro region in Tanzania from October 2022 to May 2023.

The Study Design: The study adopted a qualitative research approach with a case study design.

Research Methodology: Simple randomly sampling techniques with a total of 40 respondents were used to get the respondents. Interview, questionnaire and documentary review were used to get the desired information from the selected respondents. Questionnaire approach in data collection was used to collect information asking open ended questions to the respondents. The quantitative data were collected using interviews and analyzed using descriptive statistics to determine frequency, and percentage. Data gathered was presented in tables computed using Microsoft excel.

Results: With regards to specific objectives of this study, findings of the study showed that the main effects of parents’ migration on their children among Sukuma society at Morogoro Region are, truancy, drop out from school, poverty, health problem, additional responsibility, suscept to victims of crime, lack of appropriate care and low self-esteem and emotional difficult. It was concluded that the government should put some strategies which can help the parents to overcome the effects of parents’ migration to their children’ academic outcome through educating parents on how to live with their children and motivate in their academic performance at school.

Keywords: Parents' migration, schooling outcomes, education impact, Sukuma society, truancy, academic performance, government strategies

How to Cite

Gervas , Imelda, Vituce Jelacy Kalungwizi, and Deus Lweyemamu. 2023. “Effects of Parental Migration on the Education Outcome of Their Children: A Case of Sukuma Society in Tanzania”. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 49 (3):61-70. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2023/v49i31135.


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