Literary Texts as a Source of Teaching Material in ESL/EFL Classrooms in Indian Universities

Pankaj B Vaishnav *

Department of English, Al Seeb Vocational College, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This research article investigates the integration of literary texts as teaching materials in ESL/EFL classrooms within Indian universities. It explores the potential of literature to enhance language learning by improving vocabulary, grammar, reading, writing, and critical thinking skills, while also promoting cultural awareness. The study highlights practical strategies like integrating literature with language activities, using available resources. Despite these benefits, the implementation faces challenges such as selecting age-appropriate and culturally relevant texts, addressing varied student proficiency levels, and overcoming limited resources and teacher support. The study concludes that while significant obstacles exist, the incorporation of literature in ESL/EFL education holds promise for a more engaging and comprehensive language learning experience. These challenges can be addressed through curriculum reforms and professional development of teachers. If enough resources are available, higher education in Indian universities certainly looks promising and bright. Though the scope of the study is vast, the present study is restricted to the higher education in India.

Keywords: ESL/EFL education, literary text, language learning, holistic development, teaching material

How to Cite

Vaishnav, Pankaj B. 2024. “Literary Texts As a Source of Teaching Material in ESL/EFL Classrooms in Indian Universities”. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 50 (7):538-48.


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