Understanding College Students’ Perspectives on Religion Classes and Importance of Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao Classes to the Philippine Public School Curriculum

Erine Raeane B. Carreon *

De La Salle University – Manila, 2401 Taft Ave, Malate, Manila, 1004 Metro Manila, Philippines.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: This paper aims to understand the relevance of EsP classes, given that its roots stem from religion, and the current climate of the Philippine public school education system.

Study Design: Quantitative Research.

Place and Duration of Study: De La Salle University – Manila, social media (I.e., Facebook and Facebook Messenger) between, between March 2024 – May 2024.

Methodology: The author administrated surveys to seventy-six (76) non-secular school graduates and asked them about their experiences during religion class, and their perspectives towards EsP.

Results: The major findings of the paper show that religion does have a slight hand in their perspectives towards EsP. From the gathered responses, the research shows that while learning values and morals are still important in society, the basis should be rooted on social morality rather than religion.

Conclusion: Participants believed that the basis of the subject’s curriculum must be aligned with the social morality of the Filipino people, or the general common good. To them, the idea of “God” or being “Maka-Diyos” in the subject’s objectives is quite aligned with the religious views. This could potentially divide or discriminate public school students who do not identify with the country’s major religion. To them, Edukasyon ng Pagpapakatao (EsP) should focus solely on values education and ethics.

Keywords: Religion classes, values education, Philippine education, importance of EsP


How to Cite

B. Carreon, Erine Raeane. 2024. “Understanding College Students’ Perspectives on Religion Classes and Importance of Edukasyon Sa Pagpapakatao Classes to the Philippine Public School Curriculum”. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 50 (7):494-504. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2024/v50i71479.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Magsaysay RB. Senate Bill no. 1535 - Rationalize the Teaching of Religion in the Public Schools. Senate of the Philippines; 2004. Available:https://legacy.senate.gov.ph/lis/bill_res.aspx?congress=13&q=SBN-1535

Department of Education. Order no. 13, Series of 2012. Scribd; 2013. Available:https://www.scribd.com/doc/270134699/Deped-Order-31-series-of-2012

DBM Press Release. DBM: Education gets P924.7 billion in proposed 2024 national budget; focused expenditure on subsidies, skills development, facilities enhancement. Department of Budget and Management; 2023.

Available:https://www.dbm.gov.ph/index.php/management-2/212dbm-education-gets-p924-7billion-in-proposed-2024-national-budget-focused-expenditure-onsubsidies-skillsdevelopment-facilities-enhancement

World Bank. Philippines learning poverty brief. Edu Analytics; 2022. Available:https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/099000207152223103/pdf/IDU002b5536c0 db410 4ec3087d809906ec2eae56.pdf

Villar M. An Act Maximizing the full potential and expertise of all public elementary and secondary school principals and supervisors by requiring them to have teaching loads especially on major subjects in the curriculum and appropriating funds therefor. Senate of the Philippines; 2005. Available:https://legacy.senate.gov.ph/lisdata/67856009!.pdf

Horwitz IM. Religion and academic achievement: A research review spanning secondary school and higher education. Review of Religious Research. 2021;63: 107-154. Available:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13644-020-00433-y

Hayati FN, Suyatno, Susatya E. Strengthening of Religious Character Education Based on School Culture in the Indonesia secondary school. The European Educational Researcher; 2020. Available:https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1272367.pdf

Ilesanmi DA. Christianity and educational development: The Nigerian experience. Mature: Journal of International Institute of Christian Theologians, Scholars, and Professionals; 2024.

Available:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dele-Ilesanmi/publication/377111234 Christianity_and_Educational_Development_The_Nigerian_Experience/links/6595c5d12468df72d3f948d4/Christianity-and-EducationalDevelopment-TheNigerian-Experience.pdf

Lovat T. Religious education: Robust and bold for a multifaith era. Journal of Religious Education. 2022;70:147-156. Available:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40839-022-00175-9

Estrada LB, Montañez RJM. Level of integration and the extent of students’ involvement of community services in teaching Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao: A basis on the formation of lesson exemplar. Research Gate; 2022.

Available:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/LemuelEstrada-2/publication/366618383_Level_of-integration_and_the_extent_of_students'_involvement_on_community_services_in_teaching_Edukasyon_sa_Pagpapakatao_A_basis_on_the_ formulation_of_lesson_exemplar/links/63ab13daa03100368a3228bc/Level-ofintegration-and-the-extent-ofstudents-involvement-on-community-services-in-teaching-Edukasyon-sa-Pagpapakatao-A-basison-the-formulation-of-lesson-exemplar.pdf

Felisilda DLA, Parojenog RC. Mastery of the competencies of edukasyon sa pagpapakatao (ESP). Psychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journal. 2022;5:594-601. https://scimatic.org/storage/journals/11/pdfs/747.pdf

Wang M. Word clouds in python. Medium; 2022. Available:https://medium.com/@m3redithw/wordclouds-with-python-c287887acc8b

Del Castillo FA, Cacho R. Perspectives of youth on religious education in the Philippines. Religious Education. 2023;119 (1):43-58. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/00344087.2023.2289264

Komariah N, Nihayah I. Improving the personality character of students through learning islamic religious education. At-Tadzkir: Islamic Education Journal. 2023;2 (1):65-77. Available:https://doi.org/10.59373/attadzkir.v2i1.15

Barrot JS. K to 12 curriculum reform in the Philippines: Towards making students future ready. Asia Pacific Journal of Education. 2021;43(4):11931207. Available:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02188791.2021.1973959?casa_token=g6Img_lScJYAAAAA:J4TdcPLP50BMvEen36Hnwbe3_Yv4RVF2MqO9Xj1J4TyzcIgRJxz8yzLW8UcE0EU-xQ304_H_m YQLg

The Professor. Ang Batayang Koseptwal ng Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao. Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (Grade 1 to Grade 10) K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum; 2022. Available:https://classmate.ph/edukasyon-sa-pagpapakatao-grade-1-to-grade-10-k-to-12-basiceducationcurriculum/