Examining University Students’ Self-Determination through the Lens of Spiritual Learning

Juiching Chiang *

Jiaying University, NO.100, Meizong Road, Meizou City, China.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The relationship between spiritual learning and self-determination ability is the research objective in this study, and this study develops a conceptional model of spirituality and self-determination ability through a systemic literature review. From the previous studies, self-determination ability is launched when human needs are supported by the social context, focusing on the satisfaction of the three basic needs of human beings, seeking happiness that needs are satisfied. A short peak experience is a spiritual pursuit, and each peak experience is heart-shaking and has a lasting effect on life. It is accompanied by epiphanies and is a successful learning experience. Thus, spirituality learns how to effectively provide the peak experience of humans "making warrior-like decisions" rather than impulsive heroic sacrifices. The results show that spiritual learning is associated with effective self-determination ability, and that epiphany is an important moment to reach the level of self-determination ability is the act of learning. The conclusion is that epiphany manifesting in three states: concentration, sharing, and aesthetic experience as a conceptional model of self-determination ability and spiritual learning is the vital moment whenever one wants to be self-determined.

Keywords: Spiritual learning, self-determination, epiphany, peak experience

How to Cite

Chiang , Juiching. 2024. “Examining University Students’ Self-Determination through the Lens of Spiritual Learning”. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 50 (7):136-45. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2024/v50i71451.


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