Open Access Short Research Article

Factors Influencing the Quality of Academic Performance in Higher and Middle Secondary Schools of Trashi Yangtse Dzongkhag

Sonam Dargay

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 13-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v23i430562

The purpose of this article includes is to identify the factors that will determine the quality of academic performance of students and to assess teachers’ perceptions on factors that influence the quality of academic performance. In light of the deteriorating education quality and poor academic performance in high schools, it became important more than ever before to study the factors influencing the performance. The research focused mainly on educational article, thus, it was convenient to adopt descriptive research and follow the mixed method as a research design. The quantitative data was collected from 100 school teachers through e-mail and four principals for in-depth study. The interviews were recorded using the mobile device and then transcribed to analyze and develop themes. The research found that there is insufficient resources in school that has deteriorated the quality of academic performance, lack of professional development training. It was also evident that school culture contributes to improve the quality of academic performance. Therefore, the study recommends the  concerned agencies need to allocate enough resources, improve social ambience, conduct frequent in-service workshops for the teachers and as well act as change agent for further improvement of conducive environment in all the levels of schools across the country.

Open Access Original Research Article

Collaborations Practice Implementation on Education for Sustainable Development in Host Universities of Regional Centres of Expertise, Kenya

Nancy Ng’ang’a, Ruth Thinguri, Ayub Macharia

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v23i430561

The study sought to assess the scope of collaborations practice implementation on education for sustainable development (ESD) in host universities of Regional Centres of Expertise (RCE) in Kenya as well as the challenges faced thereof. The study was conducted using a mixed methodology with concurrent model of triangulation and descriptive survey research design to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. The study established that host universities had made efforts to implement RCE collaborations practice on ESD through creation of new partnerships. Cooperation and coordination among the stakeholders was well supported by the host universities through collaborative governance where stakeholders were involved in decision making.  The study recommended that host universities of RCEs should be more intentional in creating awareness on RCEs and ESD through university community outreach programs in order to build capacity in social learning and networking on ESD.

Open Access Original Research Article

Students’ Perception towards the Usefulness and Satisfaction of Practical Biochemistry Skills in a Public University versus Private University in Khartoum, Sudan (2019)

Maha Elamin, Dina Ahmed, Nasseraldin Elhadi, Mustafa Neimeri

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 28-33
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v23i430563

Practical biochemistry skills (PBS) teaching sessions employ experiential learning techniques to promote medical students’ understanding and recall of essential concepts and basic clinical tests. Biochemistry Practical skill sessions constitute about 45% of the contact teaching hours and between 10% - 20% of the final assessment grades, in addition the students are unacquainted about the method of assessment used. This cross sectional institutional based study aimed to assess medical students’ perception towards the practical biochemistry skills (PBS). Medical students in one public (Al-Neelain) and one private (Al-Moughtarbeen) universities, in Khartoum State were involved. After ethical approval, the questionnaire was approved after using it in a pilot study. Data collected by a questionnaire were analyzed using (SPSS version 22).Private university students have more satisfaction (58% versus 18%, p<0.001), more positive perception with PBS (49.5% versus 15.1%, p<0.001) and are more convinced that it helps to retain knowledge (68.3% versus 12.9%, p<0.001). They are more satisfied with laboratory environment (p<0.001), PBS relation to theory (p<0.001) and more aware of PBS assessment and scores allocation (p≤0.002).Medical student satisfaction and engagement with Practical biochemistry skills is likely to be driven by the students’ awareness of the relevance of these sessions to other aspects of the curriculum, to their end-of-year assessment, and to their future clinical practice rather than the laboratory environment. In conclusion, we recommend updating Practical biochemistry skills contents and assessment methods and raising students’ awareness of its importance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Challenges of Effective Principals Leadership in School Improvement in Government Secondary Schools of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Diriba Kene, Hussien Kedir, Garkebo Basha, Feyera Dinsa

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 34-45
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v23i430564

This research study aimed at investigating varied challenges that principals have been facing in an endeavor of school improvement in terms of input, process and outputs in secondary Schools of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. In this study, a qualitative research approach was followed and as such the data were collected with the help of semi-structured interview guides and focus group discussions. The study employed clustering, stratified, random and purposive sampling techniques to select 6 zones of Oromia region out of 20; 80 sample secondary schools out of 30, to draw 45 interviewees and 36 discussants, respectively. In this way, the interviews were conducted with the interviewees and focus group discussions were carried out among the discussants. Data obtained from these informants were analyzed using thematic analysis and narrative methods and paraphrasing the results of the discussants. The study identified inactive involvement of key stakeholders in the schools’ affairs; a weak capacity building for the principals; poor effort and commitment of students for class attendance and improvement of academic results; shortages of standard facilities and inputs; weakness of the principals together with SIP committee in properly developing strategic plan of the schools were among the main challenges that hindered effectiveness of principals’ school leadership in overall improvement of the schools. Because of these and other factors a great majority of the schools stood at level two that is below the expected level (level three & four ) in the study area. Based on  the  findings, it was recommended that principals should be equipped with basic knowledge and skills of school leadership, necessary facilities and inputs need to be fulfilled by the concerned bodies and stakeholders should be re-oriented in order to contribute in all possible aspect for betterment of school performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Investigating Online Learning Satisfaction in Jordan Schools during the COVID-19 Outbreak: The Student Perspective

Hayfaa Jebril

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 46-57
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v23i430565

In the past two years, the flare-up of the COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan has turned traditional education into online teaching, which impacted the education quality. This studyuses an integrated model of UTAUT model, ISS model, and quality of interaction to study the online learning satisfaction in Jordan from the students' point of view during the COVID-19 outbreak. For such purpose, a questionnaire survey was distributed among students from five different Jordanian schools to gather the data, and the SmartPLS tool was used to analyze this data. The results showed that all the employed factors in the proposed model significantly influenced the students' satisfaction with online learning throughout the COVID-19 pandemic proliferation. Thus, these research results will be a significant reference for educational institutes, decision-makers, developers, and researchers on the significant factors that influence students' satisfaction with online learning, which in turn can improve the development of online learning systems.