Open Access Short Research Article

Impact of Technology on School Leadership at Jakar Higher Secondary School, Bumthang

Ngawang Jamtsho, Dechen Loday

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 10-21
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i430513

Technology is indispensable in today's era and we have to think about how we can utilize it to create and impart effective leadership and learning in the schools. The essence of technology is strongly felt in education than ever before. The school leader who harnesses technology advances in every aspect and becomes a technology leader. Technology advancement is professional growth and it affects school leadership. The purpose of this action research was to find out the impact of technology on school leadership. The pre-test and post-test were carried out and data were analyzed accordingly. The questionnaire was categorized into three aspects such as communication, student learning, and administrative and managerial. The pre-test and post-test data showed a change in responses and the rating score on the questionnaire indicated the effectiveness of intervention strategies and the impact of technology on school leadership. The findings also show a significant positive correlation between technology and school leadership. It was found out that technology has a greater impact on school leadership, student learning and also amplifies communication skills.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effectiveness and Utilization of Field Trip as a Method of Teaching and Learning Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in a Council Area of Imo State, Nigeria

Ehirim, Appolinus I., Ikechukwu- Nwankwo, Prisca C., Amanze, Kenneth O., Unegbu, StellaMaris O.

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i430512

The study assessed the effectiveness and utilization of field trip as a method of teaching and learning chemistry at senior secondary schools in Owerri Municipal Council Area of Imo State, Nigeria. The population of the study was all the 4664 chemistry students in the government-owned secondary schools in the Council. Simple random sampling technique was used to select five schools and 20% of the numbers of chemistry students in each of the sampled schools were used to obtain the sample size of 288 chemistry students. Four research questions were posed for the study. The research was descriptive survey design and questionnaires were used to elicit relevant data while mean rating was used for the analyses of the data obtained for the study. The results gave grand means of 3.14, 1.70, 3.51 and 3.21 for research questions 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. These findings showed that field trip is interactive, motivating and provides opportunity for chemistry students to widen their practical knowledge of industrial application of chemistry; chemistry teachers do not utilize field trip in teaching and learning of chemistry; lack of chemistry and chemical process-based industries, time constraint, transportation cost/risk, and the organizing process are the factors that influence effective utilization of field trip. Based on the findings, it was recommended that school field trips should reinforce the curriculum and they should be arranged at every level of the Department at various times, criterion based set of guidelines for planning and conducting successful field trips should be developed; workshops and seminars should be organized for teachers on the importance of field trip and its utilization in the teaching and learning of chemistry. Again, when considering a field trip, teachers are advised to first consult with their administrator regarding existing school board policies and follow that recommended procedure. School authorities should assist in the provision of funds or transportation for field trips.

Open Access Original Research Article

Correlating the School Climate and Teacher Leadership of Catholic Schools in Antique, Philippines

Joel M. Bual, Dennis V. Madrigal

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 22-34
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i430514

Aims: This study assessed the degree of school climate and extent of teacher leadership of Catholic schools in Antique, Philippines. It also investigated the difference in the school climate when assessors were grouped according to the designation. Likewise, it correlated the teachers' age, sex, employment status, educational attainment, and professional status with the teacher leadership. Finally, it determined the relationship between school climate and teacher leadership.

Methodology: The study utilized the descriptive-comparative and correlational design. The respondents were 486 administrators, teachers, and students of these Catholic schools during 2020-2021. It employed the adopted school climate questionnaire and standardized teacher leadership scale in gathering the data. In data analysis, Mean, Standard Deviation, Frequency Count, Percentage Distribution, Rank, Kruskal Wallis, and Spearman Rank Correlation were used.

Results: Generally, the school climate (M=2.87, SD=0.56) is very satisfactory with relationship (M=3.02, SD=0.66) as the highest and physical resources aspect (M=2.73, SD=0.69), the lowest. The teacher leadership (M=3.03, SD=0.56) is practiced to a great extent with community (M=3.16, SD=0.62) as the highest and policy (M=2.96, SD=0.65) and professional learning (M=2.95, SD=0.64), the lowest. It also showed that there was no difference in school climate assessment [H(1)=0.688, P=.407]. Regarding the correlation, there was no relationship between age [ρ(153)=-0.020, P=.808], sex [ρ(153)=0.076, P=.350], employment status [ρ(153)=0.036, P=.657], educational attainment [ρ(153)=0.140, P=.082], professional status [ρ(153)=-0.028, P=.730] and teacher leadership. Meanwhile, there was relationship between the school climate and teacher leadership [ρ(484)=0.605, P=.000]. The top school climate challenges are teaching strategies, academic loading, and physical environment. In terms of teacher leadership, the top issues are teacher evaluation, professional development support, communicative relationship, and teacher involvement and recognition.

Conclusion: Establishment of a healthy and supportive Catholic school environment is vitally essential both in maintaining the school climate and in mobilizing the teachers in their exercise of leadership.

Open Access Original Research Article

Academic Motivation and Self-Esteem as Correlates of Academic Achievement in English Language among Senior Secondary School Students in Imo State

Okonkwo Chioma Jennifer

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 35-43
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i430515

This study investigated academic motivation and self-esteem as correlates of academic achievement in English language among senior secondary school students in Imo State. Three research questions guided the study while three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study adopted correlational research design. The area of the study is Imo State Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of all the 5,498 senior secondary year two (SS2) students in the 456 public secondary schools in Imo State. A sample of 1,200 SS2 English language students was used in this study using proportionate sampling technique. The students’ academic motivation questionnaire (SAMQ) was adapted from ‘Students’ Motivation towards Science Learning (SMTSL) Questionnaire’ which was a 20-item questionnaire. The students’ Self-esteem Scale (SES) was a 30-items questionnaire used to ascertain self-esteem of SS 2 English Language students. The academic achievement test was measured by English Language examination scores derived from SS 2 English Language students’ termly results for 2019/2020 academic session. Students’ Academic Motivation Questionnaire was an adapted instrument and therefore subjected to face validation by three experts. Cronbach Alpha Method was used to determine the internal consistency of SAMQ and a co-efficient of 0.81 was obtained. Pearson Product Moment was used to answer the research questions while correlated samples t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The finding revealed that there is very weak negative and significant relationship between secondary school students’ academic motivation and their academic achievement in English language. The finding also revealed that there is a weak negative and significant relationship between secondary school students’ self-esteem and their academic achievement in English language. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that parents and teachers should team up to encourage their students in building their positive self-esteem and to provide basic needs of their children/ward which are related to their teaching subjects in order to improve their academic performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Learning the Indonesian Language through Fictional Text Based on Ecological Literacy (Malay-Langkat) as an Effort to Realize Literate Generation

Mara Untung Ritonga, Elly Prihasti Wuriyani, Rizki Fadila Nasution

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 44-57
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i430516

Education is a place where humans are formed to find and collect various information that will certainly be useful for shaping and developing human cognitive intelligence about many things, one of which is about ecology (environment / nature). In studying Indonesian, ecological discourse material (text) is one strategy to integrate environmental education and social interaction, as well as cultural customs of the community, especially Malay-Langkat which aims to form and develop mindsets and patterns of action, as well as healthy behavior both physically and mentally in everyday life. Through literary learning, educators are required to be more creative and sensitive in choosing interesting and suitable materials to be delivered instead of just fixating on the targets to be delivered and existing lesson plans, without thinking further about other things that can be used as a source of learning. But the availability of local ecology-based texts is still very little. This research aims to produce a Malay- Langkat literacy-based fiction text material that is feasible and effectively used at the high school level. So this research will focus more on developing a literacy culture to produce a literate generation, a generation that understands what is read and does something based on its understanding of the content of the reading. The literate generation is a generation that is intelligent, capable, characterful, and competitive. This research is a development research that adapts the 4-D Development model. Research and development steps are carried out using modifications and the Thiagarajan development model that is 4-D. This development model uses 4 stages consisting of define, design, development and dissemination.