Open Access Original Research Article

Development of Portable Force Measurement Kit Using Arduino and Android Phone App for Pascal’s Law

Nur Aina Kamilia Ahmad, Mohd Norzaidi Mat Nawi

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i230501

Learning through experimentation is a teaching method that allows students to conduct investigations through planning, implementation and discussion. However, the implementation of experiments is less emphasized due to limited teaching time and insufficient laboratory equipment, thus reducing students’ interest in Physics subject. Therefore, this study aims to develop an Arduino-based portable kit for force measurement and to test the reliability of the developed measurement kit. The development of this measurement kit was determined for Pascal’s law to diversify the practice in this topic. This kit consists of pressure sensor, Arduino microcontroller, android device and Bluetooth module. This study used a questionnaire instrument to measure the reliability of this kit. The validity of the kit was obtained from two (2) experts, and its reliability was evaluated from 15 Form 4 students through questionnaires. The result of the study showed a satisfactory reliability level with Cronbach alpha of 0.88. Therefore, it is expected that the development of this measurement kit can facilitate teachers in the teaching process and enhance students’ interest in Physics subject in Malaysia.

Open Access Original Research Article

School Learning Action Cell (SLAC) among Secondary School Teachers under New Normal

Fegil C. Floreno

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 9-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i230502

Aims: To determine the relationship among the demographic profile, level of management skills, and level of implementation of School Learning Action Cell (SLAC)

Study design:  Descriptive - correlation

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Education, Division of Digos City, Davao del Sur during the Second Semester 2020-2021.

Methodology: The study  involved 133 English teachers from seven public secondary schools. These teachers were involved in SLAC implementation. Complete enumeration was used in selecting the teachers.

Results: Most of the respondents’ average age was 37, mostly female, and serving the Department of Education for 11 years and above. In the SLAC, respondents had been serving as members for two to three years. The level of management skills of those serving the SLAC and SLACs in terms of Topic and Implementation Process were described as very much ready. With regards to the relationship of respondents’ demographic profile and the level of SLAC Implementation, the age and years rendered in SLAC had influenced to its implementation. Moreover, there was a very strong relationship between the level of management skills and SLAC implementation. Although the result did not show the entire situation in the country, the conduct of SLAC sessions could be sustained as well as its monitoring and evaluation to keep everyone updated in the new teaching pedagogy that might help address the challenges in the teaching-learning process.

Conclusion: Teachers who are in their late thirties and above and have experienced in handling SLAC may be given bigger responsiblities for SLAC implementation. Moreover, level of management of skills may be enhanced to improve the implementation of SLAC.

Open Access Original Research Article

Self-Directed Learning, Self-Efficacy in Learning, and Academic Motivation of Public Senior High School Students

Joenel D. Coros, Dennis V. Madrigal

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 19-34
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i230503

Aims: The absence of data complementing independent learning, which is vital in the pandemic-induced distance learning, propelled the conduct of study. The study aimed to assess Self-Directed Learning, Self-Efficacy in Learning, and Academic Motivation of Public Senior High School Students, and investigated what demographic variable may influence each. It also sought to determine the correlation between the constructs.

Methodology: The study utilized descriptive and correlational design. Respondents were the 332 Grade-12 students from the Schools Division of Cadiz City, School Year 2020-2021, determined using multi-stage random sampling. Data were generated using the Self-Directed Learning Inventory, Self-Efficacy in Learning Form, and Academic Motivation Scale – High School Version. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, chi-square test of association, and Spearman rho rank correlation.

Results: There was no significant relationship between demographics and Self-Directed Learning, likewise with Academic Motivation. There was no significant relationship between sex and Self-Efficacy in Learning, however the latter had a significant relationship with family income (P=.05) and track (P=.03). There was a significant relationship between self-directed learning and self-efficacy in learning (P=.000), and between self-directed learning and academic motivation (P=.000).

Conclusion: Student demographics do not influence their disposition to engage in learning activities and with their perceived reasons to participate in it. Family income, together with the track where they belong, may influence their belief in their innate capabilities. Students who are internally driven to learn, and who have strong belief in their capabilities, will find all means to master competence on academics, even without the help of other people.

Open Access Original Research Article

Helicopter Parenting as Correlate of Self Confidence and Esteem of Adolescents in Secondary Schools in Anambra State, Nigeria

Chigbu, Eberechukwu Francisca

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 35-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i230505

The study is on adolescents’ helicopter parenting as correlate of their self confidence and esteem in Onitsha Education zone, Anambra State. Three research questions guided the study while one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. Correlational research design was adopted for this study. The population of the study comprised 17,200 secondary school adolescents from which a sample size of 1760 adolescents was selected using simple random sampling and disproportionate stratified random sampling techniques. Two research instruments, namely: Adolescent helicopter parenting Questionnaire (AHPQ) and Adolescents’ Self confidence and esteem Questionnaire (ASCEQ) were used for the study. The instruments were duly validated by experts before it was used in conducting this study. The reliability of the instrument is as follows: 0.949 for AHPQ, and 0.928 for ASCEQ. Data was collected through direct delivery method. Research questions 1 to 2 were answered using range of summated scores, while research questions 3 was answered and the null hypotheses was tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients. The findings of the study revealed among others that secondary school adolescents’ helicopter parenting has high negative relationship with their self confidence and esteem. It was recommended among others that the Government and the school administrators should organize seminars, workshops and symposia for parents so that resource persons will educate and direct them on the right parenting style and the likely implication of wrong parenting styles.

Open Access Original Research Article

Relationship between Local Chief Executive’s Character Traits and Governance Practices in Northern Samar, Philippines

Karene Maneka A. De Asis-Estigoy

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 43-55
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v21i230506

This study evaluated the character traits and governance practices of local government officials in the Local Government Units (LGUs) of Northern Samar. The findings of the study would generally benefit not only the stakeholders of the local government units in the province but also in the national government. Specifically, findings of the study would benefit the LGU Chief Executives. The results of this study would provide the chief an opportunity to evaluate the relationships that exists between their character traits and governance practices. In effect, they may realize their strengths and weaknesses in running the local government. This study utilized the Big Five-character trait dimensions also known as Five Factor Model consisting of the five traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism were also determined. This research includes Local Chief Executives (LCEs) in the municipalities of Northern Samar. A total of 12 LCEs were randomly selected to participate in this study. The governance practices such as transparency, participation, accountability, leadership, general organization and governance, inter-governmental relations, rule of law continuity in the implementation of programs, predictability and sustainability, preference for the poor, and effective, responsive provision of basic services were correlated with character traits of the local executives. The respondents of the study are the current LCEs and selected employees with permanent status in the municipalities covered. Significant difference was found between local chief executives and employees’ perception on the character traits of the LCEs. Significant difference on the agreeableness as character trait means that the degree to which the LCEs is able to get along with others by being good-natured, cooperative, forgiving, compassionate, understanding, and trusting is higher than the employees and stakeholders did not differ significantly. The test of relationship between the chief executives’ character traits and governance practices showed that openness is significantly correlated with transparency, participation and leadership.