Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Video Modules E-Learning Approach on the Academic Achievement of Students in the Face of COVID-19 Pandemic

Njoku, Uzoma B., Obinna-Akakuru, Annabel U., Okwara-Kalu, Chidinma, Agunanne Victoria C.

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i430489

This study investigated the effect of Video modules e-learning approach on the students’ academic achievement in Basic Sciences in Imo State. Two purposes, two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study is a quasi-experiment pre-test, post-test, control group design, involving two groups with analysis of covariance as post-hoc control. The population of the study consisted the entire year two students in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri in Imo State, which are 2,063. The sample consisted of 80 Economics and Political Science students, drawn from two classes in a school within the population. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the 40 students in each class and assigned the classes to experimental and control groups. Video Modules Instructional Package (VM-IP) and the Basic Sciences Achievement Test (BSAT) were used as the instrument for data collection, while mean rating, standard deviation and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses. The content and face validities of the instruments were established by two (2) experts in Educational Measurement and Evaluation,  two (2) lecturers teaching Basic Sciences, who after due corrections, fine-tuned them and certified them fit for administration. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients method was used to determine the reliability of the results obtained with the instrument; and to establish its construct validity that is inter correlations among items which yielded a reliability coefficient value of 0.88. Findings from the study indicated that Video Modules E-learning approach method had effect on the academic achievement of students in Basic Sciences. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations made from the findings of the study which includes that there is need for the incorporation of this e-learning approach into the teaching and learning of Basic Sciences in tertiary institutions in Imo State.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perceived Strategies for Curbing Examination Malpractice Among Secondary School Students in Nigeria

L. I. Akunne, T. U. Chigbo-Obasi, E. C. Iwogbe

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 8-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i430490

Aims: The study examined perceived strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school students in Nigeria.

Study Design: The design adopted for this study is descriptive survey design.

Place and Duration of Study: The target population are 1182 junior secondary students identified to be verbally victimized. The duration is between June 2021 and August 2021.

Methodology: The target population for the study comprised 398,275 senior secondary school teachers in Nigeria (Fact sheet: Research Statistics and Planning Unit of the Ministry of Education, Awka, 2021). The sample for the study was drawn from the accessible population of 6342 secondary school teachers in six education zones of the state namely Aguata, Awka, Nnewi, Ogidi, Onitsha and Otuocha. The sample for the study was drawn using the proportionate stratified sampling technique. The subjects were stratified based on the educations and further the simple random sampling of lucky dip was used to select 634 (372 experienced and 262 less experienced) secondary school teachers for inclusion in the study. The instrument was structured toa 4-point response option of Strongly Agree (4), Agree (3), Disagree (2) and Strongly Disagree (1). The instrument was validated by two experts, and the reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach alpha method with the reliability coefficients 0.78, 0.80 and 0.81. Arithmetic mean was used to answer the research questions, standard deviation was used to determine the homogeneity or heterogeneity of the respondents’ ratings. On the other hand, the t-test for independent sample was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.

Results: At 0.05 level of significance, the cluster mean of the respondents rating was 3.28 This mean score indicates that teachers agreed that preventive strategies curbs examination malpractices among secondary school students. The cluster mean obtained was 2.73. This indicates that the respondents agreed to corrective strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school students. The cluster mean obtained was 2.73. This indicates that the respondents agreed to corrective strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school students. Data reported relating to hypotheses 1 reveals that the significant value is greater than the alpha value 0.05, hence there is no significant difference in the mean rating of teachers on preventive strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school students in Nigeria based on years of experience (0-5 years and 6 years and above). Data reported relating to hypotheses 2 shows that there is a significant difference in the mean rating of teachers on corrective strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school student in Nigeria based on years of experience (0-5 years of experience and 6 years and above). Similarly, data presented relating to hypotheses 3 revealed that the significant value is greater than the alpha value 0.05, this means that there is no significant difference in the mean rating of teachers on motivational strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school student in Nigeria based on years of experience (0-5 years and 6 years and above).

Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, teachers agreed that preventive strategies, corrective strategies, and the respondents also agreed to motivational strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school students. There is no significant difference in the mean rating of teachers on preventive strategies, while there is a significant difference in the mean rating of teachers on corrective strategies for curbing examination malpractice. Finally, there is no significant difference in the mean rating of teachers on motivational strategies for curbing examination malpractice among secondary school student in Nigeria based on years of experience (0-5 years and 6 years and above).

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparison of Physics Teacher’s Forecast Grade and Actual Grade Obtained by Candidates in Cambridge AS and A-Level International Examinations: A Case Study of an Advanced Level School in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Emmanuel Akinbami Oyelade, Alaba Tolulope Agbele, Olufisayo Olalekan Awe, Temitope Olajumoke Anifowose, Kalid Abayomi Bello

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 18-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i430491

Aim: This paper examined a comparative assessment of teacher’s forecast and actual grades obtained by students who sat for Cambridge AS and A-Level International Examinations in an Advanced Level School, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria for five (5) consecutive years. 

Study Design: The teacher’s mark book which documented the forecasted grades for Physics in Cambridge AS and A-Level International Examinations from the year 2014 to 2018 was             consulted and compared with the actual grades obtained by students over the same                                 period. 

Methodology: Two hundred and thirty-five (235) students’ results constitute the sampled population. Ahead of the time of final Cambridge International Examinations (CIE), some students who had withdrawn from the school system due to the fact that they are dead, terribly sick or gained admission into other higher institutions of learning and did not have their names on the CIE result broadsheets were disqualified from being part of the sampled population. This enabled the researchers to accurately compared the forecast grades of students who sat for CIE with the grades that they actually obtained. Shapiro-Wilk test of normality was carried out and the P-value was above 0.05 level of significance, as this shows that the data was parametric. SPSS version 23 was thereafter used to analyze the data and the hypothesis was tested using paired sample T-tests. 

Results: There is no significant difference between Physics teacher’s forecast grades and the actual grades obtained by students in Cambridge Advanced AS and A-Level International Examinations for 5 years (2014 – 2018) as the teacher’s forecast grades for the last 7 examination series were accurate at P < 0.05 level of significance. The P –values; (0.083, 0.235, 0.260, 0.802, 0.328, 0.110 and 0.990) were above 0.05 significant level. 

Conclusion: Findings from our study showed that there is no significant difference between Physics teacher’s forecast and the actual grades obtained by the students in the Cambridge Assessment International Education for October/November 2015, May/June 2016, October/November 2016, May/June 2017, October/November 2017, May/June 2018 as well as October/November 2018 examination series.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Organizational Culture and Innovation on Banks’ Performance: A Quantitative Approach

S. M. Abodunde, J. C. Unachukwu, T. D. Jooda, O. R. Togun

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 42-49
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i430493

The study examines the influence of organizational culture and innovation on banks’ performance with particular reference to the selected banks in Nigeria. Data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire distributed to the 175 employees of Zenith bank, Guaranty bank, First bank United Bank for Africa, and Eco bank located in Ibadan metropolis. Pearson Moment correlation and regression model were used to analyse the data. The study established that organizational culture and innovation jointly and independently influence banks’ performance. It was also established that organizational culture has a direct and positive association with innovation. It was concluded that organizational culture and innovation are major strategies for the banking sector to wax stronger minds global competitive environment and COVID-19 syndrome.  Therefore, Nigerian banks encourage their staff members to create innovative ideas and provide them the right reward to establish an innovative culture in the organization. This study practically provides a useful recommendation to the Nigerian banks on the significance of organizational culture and innovation and their contribution to performance.

Open Access Review Article

Teachers' Resilience Against Stress: A Review on Ways and Its Impacts towards Teaching Profession

Twalibu Habibu Baruani, Xinyu Li, Sun Binghai

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 28-41
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i430492

The purpose of this study was to explore teachers’ resilience against stress. To achieve this, the study has focused on two major areas which are to examine the effectiveness resilient ways which teachers use to combat against stress as well as the impacts of not applying them. A review of different journals articles and books were applied as a methodological approach for data collection, which enabled the reviewer to have more information about the study concern. This review study answered two basic questions which are: (1) what are the effective resilient ways applied by teachers to deal with stress within the teaching profession? And (2) what are the possible impacts for teachers and teaching profession if these effective resilient ways are not applied to deal with stress?. Results have justified that, most teachers have been applying different effective ways such as teachers’ co-operation, social interaction, protective strategies and professional development which enable them to resilient against stress for the teaching profession. The study also shows poor performances, job dissatisfaction, lead to accidents and absenteeism of teachers not applying these effective resilient ways against stress.