Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Social Media Use on Academic Performance among University Students in Bangladesh

Saifur Rahman, Md. Nur Alom Sarkar Mithun

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i330484

Around the world, social media sites are becoming a part of people's daily life. The students are also getting involved in these sites for several purposes. So, it is very important to understand the effect of social media on university students. In recent years, researchers around the world have taken this issue as a topic of great interest. Considering the social impact of this issue, the current research was conducted at the Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh. Data were collected from 200 students using the google forms questionnaire and the time of data collection was July-September, 2020. The findings of the study suggest that Facebook was the most used social media by the respondents, followed by YouTube. The majority of the students use social media for communication purposes and 46% of respondents were found to use these sites for 41-55 hours per week. The majority of them had moderate mood after using social media. In addition, the study also finds that students use social media to gather academic information, they consider this information as reliable. Respondents were also found to think that social media sites are saving their time as well as effort. Finally, the study identifies a negative relation between academic performance and time spent on social media. The findings of this paper may be utilized to provide practical strategies for improving students’ educational success through maintaining a balance between recreation, knowledge sharing, and academic performance. It is recommended for the students to utilize their time wisely and not making social media the only means of recreation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Investigating Gaps in Police Narratives

Nicolas Tan Pujante, Jr

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 13-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i330485

Report writing is a major form of communication in the law enforcement; hence, professional writing skills are mandatory among the police. Though empirical studies suggest that police officers are confronted with inadequate report writing skills, little is known about how the report writing difficulties of the police manifest in their written narratives. Hence, using qualitative inquiry, this study analyzed, described, and interpreted the gaps or errors in written police narratives. One hundred twenty (120) police blotter narratives written by police investigators in three municipal police stations were analyzed to look into errors in grammar, mechanics, and lexis. Findings revealed that grammatical gaps are composed of errors on sentence construction,   verb usage, connective, pronoun, plural noun, and preposition; mechanical gaps  include errors on punctuation, capitalization, and spelling; and lexical gaps are inappropriate word choice and improper word form. These findings offer manifold academic and  professional intervention ideas that would help address the report writing issues among the   police.

Open Access Original Research Article

Affective Response of Students on the Integration of Think-pair-share and Reciprocal Teaching Methods on Upper Basic Education Social Studies Students in Imo State, Nigeria

Ejiogu, Cynthia I., Akakuru, Ojiugo C., Obinna-Akakuru, Annabel U., Ordua, Victor N.

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 29-35
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i330486

The affective response of students on the integration of think-pair-share and Reciprocal Teaching methods on upper basic education social studies students in Imo State, Nigeria has been rigorously asses to ascertain the attitude of students towards the use of these learning methods. Two research objectives were proposed to guide the study; two research questions where posed; while two hypotheses were equally raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The population for the comprised the entire 98,054 public Upper basic 11 Education students in Imo State from 285 government owned secondary schools in Imo State, a total sample of 400 students were sampled. The instrument for data collection was a researcher-made Questionnaire on the Attitude of Students towards Think-Pair-Share and Reciprocal Teaching methods (QASTPS&RT). The research instrument was appropriately validated by software design experts, educational technology professionals, behavioral psychologists, and Social Studies teachers. The reliability of the instrument was determined through a pilot study that was conducted using JSS2 Social Studies students from one co-educational school within the study area but outside the schools sampled for the main study. The data obtained were analyzed using Cronbach alpha’s formula, and an internal consistency coefficient value of 0.70 was obtained. The study reveals that the attitude of students is highly related to the acquisition of knowledge using the Think-Pair-Share approach. There is a high positive relationship existed between the Think-Pair-Share and Reciprocal Teaching methods; and students attitude in students Social Studies learning in Imo State. Based on these findings, there is need for the incorporation of modern instructional methods into the teaching and learning of Social Studies in junior secondary schools. This will ensure that students are abreast with global best practices which enhance achievement.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Google Meet E-learning Technology on Building Students Knowledge

Obinna-Akakuru, Annabel U., Ordua, Victor N., Akakuru, Ojiugo C., Nelson-Okata, Ezinne

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 36-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i330487

This study investigated the effect of Google meet e-learning technology on  building students’ knowledge in Economics in the face of COVID-19 pandemic in Imo State. Two purposes, two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a quasi-experiment pre-test, post-test, control group design, involving two groups with analysis of covariance as post-hoc control. The population of the study consisted the entire year two students in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri in Imo State, which are 2,063. The sample consisted of 80 Economics students, drawn from the population. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the 40 students in each class and assigned the classes to experimental and control groups. Google Meet E-learning technology Instructional Package (GMET-IP) and the Economics Achievement Test (EAT) were used as the instrument for data collection, while mean rating, standard deviation and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses. The content and face validities of the instruments were established by two (2) experts in Educational Measurement and Evaluation, two (2) lecturers teaching Economics, who after due corrections, fine-tuned them and certified them fit for administration. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients method was used to determine the reliability of the results obtained with the instrument; and to establish its construct validity that is inter correlations among items which yielded a reliability coefficient value of 0.78. Findings from the study indicated that Video Modules E-learning approach method had effect on the academic achievement of students in Basic Sciences. The treatments have more positive impact on the female students than male students, showing an interaction occurred between the gender. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations made from the findings of the study which includes that there is need for the incorporation of this e-learning approach into the teaching and learning of Economics in tertiary institutions in Imo State.

Open Access Original Research Article

How Can I Improve the Spelling of Class Four Students?

. Lungten

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 43-54
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v20i330488

This research shows how the spelling of class four students, and students need to know the spellings so that their sentence structure is correct and in a way they can improve pronunciation. The need to study spelling from a communicative and functional approach arises from the interest of the researcher to perform a systematic analysis of this problem. In it, we realized the difficulty of writing correctly, and at the same time, the great link between writing correctly and developing in certain contexts in the classroom. For this reason, spelling acquires great importance in the educational context, it is necessary to promote in students the need for written communication, to promote the use of written language in different situations, and to support a progressive approach in learning spelling.

The researcher target is for class four students and the school has 10 students with six boys and four girls. Their age range is between 10 and 12. The research is conducted from 1st June to 15th August 2021. The data was collected using three methodologies namely observation of their notebooks, dictation, and the writing of articles. The research was made authentic by the data collected by the researcher and observation, a critical friend's observation, and the field notes maintained by the researcher. The researcher compiled the data by keeping a record of class four students' performance both pre-data and post-data. Towards the end, there was a remarkable improvement in the spellings of class four students. Thus, this research helped the researcher to explore ways to improve the spelling which would benefit the students of grade four at the workplace of the researcher. Refer local terminology in Appendix A.