Open Access Short Research Article

Assessment of Democracy in Library and Information Activities

Parviz Firudin Oqlu Kazimi

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i430469

The repertoire of library and information resources, the organization of information services and the acquisition of sources in the implementation of library policy are based on historical traditions. In the digital space and in the globalizing world, this process has changed both its form and its essence.

It is known that throughout history, information resources have been censored and restricted. While these censorship restrictions are sometimes considered severe and sometimes insignificant, this problem arises and raises questions during the "dissemination" and "promotion" of information.

The issue of limiting information and prohibiting its dissemination in the global information space remains relevant today. These restrictions can, at the request of a number of states, limit the scope of religious beliefs, as well as court decisions. Local, regional representations can also meet a number of restrictive requirements. I think that when it comes to free and democratic circulation of information products in the information space, it is necessary to define a mathematical model of how democratic it is. This article can be seen as a summary of the existing experience in this area.

Open Access Original Research Article

Awareness and Adoption of Information and Communication Technology Innovations among Secondary School Students in Anambra State, Nigeria

Obiageli Ifeoma Ikwuka, Amaka Charity Okoye, Samuel Ade Olonikawu, Innocent Chiawa Igbokwe, Agatha Adanna Offordile, Chinyere Celina Okoye, Victoria Chidiebele Udenwa, Amarachukwu Immaculeta Ezejibuaku

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 6-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i430470

Despite the effort of the Federal Government of Nigeria to improve the standard of instructional delivery process in secondary schools via the introduction of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) innovations, the attainment of the ICT objectives in secondary schools still remains far-fetched. The study investigated awareness, acceptance and adoption of ICT innovations among secondary school students. Three research questions guided the study and survey research design was adopted. The population of the study consisted of all 7012 students in the 18 public secondary schools in the study area. The sample for the study comprised 360 students obtained through multi-stage sampling procedure. “Awareness of ICT Innovations among Secondary School Students” (Awareness), “Acceptance of ICT Innovations by Secondary School Students” (Acceptance) and “Adoption of ICT Innovations by Secondary School Students” (Adoption) were constructed by the researchers and used for data collection. The instruments were validated by three experts. The findings revealed that secondary school students in Aguata Local Government Area (LGA) of Anambra State are aware of ICT innovations, and have accepted them for learning. It was further revealed that the said students have adopted ICT innovations for learning to a low extent. In line with the results of the study, it was suggested that State government have to ensure that ICT innovations are made accessible to students to adopt for learning and research purposes.

Open Access Review Article

Inequality of Opportunity in Education and Sustainable Development: The Case of Bangladesh

Md. Masud Ahmed

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 13-32
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i430471

This paper examines how the sustainable development aspirations of an economy or country are impacted by unequal opportunities, especially in education, by employing balanced panel data from 2000 to 2020 of Bangladesh. Random effects, ordinary regression, general trends used to understand the impact of inequality in education on Sustainable development Goals (SDGs). The empirical study based on panel data, extensive literature review and qualitative analysis confirms that the agenda-2030, which Bangladesh would like to achieve along with other developing economies by 2030, is highly affected by long-prevailing unequal opportunities in access to quality education. The male-female, rural-urban, poor- non-poor disparity in enrolment, and literacy rate, low teacher-student ratio, low public spending on education as a percentage of GDP, higher individual out of pocket expenditure, and the significantly large drop-out rate among female and regional disparity simultaneously lead to learning poverty and unequal employment opportunities. The higher the level of education, the lower the incidence of poverty among people. Education is highly interlinked with most others SDGs; any shorts of inability to guarantee equal opportunities in education profoundly interfere with a nation's dream of ending poverty and promote a peaceful and just society. Without inclusive, equitable quality education, intergenerational inequality perpetuates by leaving the poor in the cohort of the poverty trap. Alternatively, ensuring fairness in achieving skill-based lifelong learning opportunities for people accelerates a country's vision to build an effective, prosperous and just planet. The study also shows a country's advancement in different socio-economic indicators may halt in the absence of equal access to quality education for all in the long run.

Open Access Review Article

Learning Management System Usage among Undergraduates in a Developing Context: An Extension to the Technology Acceptance Model

R. M. G. S. Jayarathna, M. P. S. R Perera

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 33-52
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i430472

Why are students in developing countries reluctant to effectively and efficiently participate in Learning Management Systems (LMSs)? Many researchers have conducted focusing on validating existing theories in developing contexts. This article aims to extend the knowledge about the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) by incorporating external variables - subjective norms, experience in the internet and computer, self-efficacy, technical support, and anxiety - which will lead to an efficient and effective LMS usage in developing contexts.

Open Access Review Article

Entrepreneurial Culture and Innovation Implemented in Markets

Danilo Santa Cruz Cabanillas

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 53-59
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i430473

The purpose of this descriptive review is to specify the "Culture of entrepreneurship and innovation implemented in markets in 2021. Here we analyze the ventures and innovations of entrepreneurs to make their business profitable and different from others, taking into account that the way to start a business is in constant dynamics and most rely on the use of technology to face competition from those who are already in the market. It was tried to specify the enterprise as a measure of obtaining income for families who start a business for the love of commerce and others because they have lost a job in these times of pandemic due to COVID - 19, considered as a source to alleviate their economy and have a better quality of life.