Open Access Short Research Article

Examining the General Perceptions of the Parents on the Concept and Implementation of Central Schools in Bhutan

Norbu Dukpa

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 41-55
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i230461

This paper attempts to examine the general perceptions of the Parents on the Concept and Implementation of Central Schools in Bhutan. These days we have mixed feelings on the implementation of central schools in Bhutan. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the level of perceptions of the parents on the implementation of Central Schools in Bhutan.

The first section is the statement of the problem on the introduction of central schools in Bhutan. This is followed by the general-purpose and specific objectives of carrying out this study. In the next section, this paper presents the significances of carrying out the study and finally concludes with the main guiding question and sub-questions.

The study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods. The sample consisted of more than 100 parents from three Gewogs of Samdrupjongkhar. The finding of the study revealed that with the coming of the Central schools, the other small schools are deprived of the facilities. Therefore, it is recommended that the facility has to be equally distributed and the current system of the detachment of lower campus from upper campus has to be continued.

Open Access Opinion Article

Four Pillars of an Educational Institution: Why are they Important?

Chencho Wangchuk

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 19-23
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i230459

An educational institution is a home to thousands of inquisitive learners, and the quality of their learning, upbringing, and nurturance are predictive of our futures. To ensure that they are skillfully trained, progressively fostered, and compassionately nurtured, there are four pillars – leadership, workplace culture, physical structure and human resource – which are both foundational and indispensable to an institution. Only supportive interrelationship among these pillars can guarantee cognitive, emotional and behavioral progresses among or between learners, educators, administrators, and managers.

Open Access Original Research Article

The effect of Constructivism on Students’ Performance in Solving Mathematical Problems under Trigonometry

Richmond Kwame Gyan, Frank Ayiku, Evans Atteh, Alfred Kofi Adams

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i230458

This paper is an action research which involves a sample of thirty five (35) second year students of Akontombra Senior High School comprising 24 males and 11 females. The study was aimed at using the constructivist approach to enhance students’ competence in solving word problems under trigonometry. Prior to the study, it was observed that the students were not able to understand and solve word problems under trigonometry. The constructivist approach of teaching and learning was employed as the intervention strategy and series of activities was carried out. The pre – test and post – test scores obtained by the students were analyzed quantitatively based on the research questions of the study. Comparatively, the results obtained from the pre – test and post – test showed a significant improvement on the students’ ability to solve word problems under trigonometry. It was then inferred from the results that the constructivist teaching and learning methodology employed during the intervention phases enhanced the academic achievements of the students. The constructivist approach to teaching encouraged students to participate in the process and environment of teaching and learning and to promote mathematics as a creative and meaningful activity that involves interpretation, effort and exploration.

Open Access Original Research Article

Anti-graft Institutions and Corruption in Nigeria (1975-2016): A Historical Perspective

Larab, Tangshak Ayuba, Yusuf, Izang Elijah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 56-67
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i230462

Anti-graft institution by every examination is established to check and balance the problem of corruption in any country. The Nigerian state since independence has been bedeviled with issues of corruption at every regimes/governments despite the presence of anti-graft agencies. Hence, it is within the core of this perspective that this paper anchored to examine “anti-graft institutions and corruption” in Nigeria from 1975-2016. Analyzing this paper from a historical lens would give us a view, as to whether, if these anti-corruption institutions have been able to tackle the issue of corruption ravaging the country or not? Findings from this research revealed that anti-graft institutions in Nigeria since 1975 have not been able to tackled the question of corruption in the country effectively. It was also found that corruption has been on the increase despite the existence of anti-graft institutions structured to mitigate corruption. The paper adopts the Historical Research Methods (HRM) using qualitative technique approach. Secondary sources, as well as online (internet) materials were consulted. The paper concludes by way of submission, on the failure of anti-graft institution to tackle the questions of corruption in Nigeria.

Open Access Review Article

A Content Review of News about Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) at Media Prior to Emergence in Pakistan by the Year 2020

Muhammad Ghafoor Ali, Saima Narjees Husain, Syed Imran Ahmad Shah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 24-40
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v19i230460

The study has been carried as a review of news about coronavirus disease (COVID-19) published in main stream newspaper (Daily Jang) prior to emergence in Pakistan. The front page of newspaper Daily Jang-Pakistan was selected for evaluation of study. The duration of study was from 31st December 2019 to 27th February 2020.The data has been qualitatively analyzed about text analysis, interpretative analysis, discourse analysis, rhetorical analysis, narrative analysis, and semiotic analysis whereas quantitatively analyzed for increasing number of patients, death and global bifurcation of affected cases. The first case of COVID-19 apparently reported on 31st December 2019 in China and got place at front page of newspaper on 24th January 2020 with 571 affected persons and 17 deaths.By 28th January 2020 USA, Canada, Australia, France, Japan, Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia and Nepal were affected from new viral disease and till 5th of February 2020 more than two dozen countries confirmed about existence of new disease. China has taken immediate health interventions. Subsequently strategies were made in the world including Pakistan. WHO made global strategies to control new viral disease. Although most countries shifted their citizen from China however Pakistan did not removed their citizen from affected country. In the light of Hadith, Muslim Scholars advised that citizens of Pakistan should not be shifted outside China till control of disease. The scientist started to investigate new disease. The herbal medicine also used in public. Campaign on media started about awareness of new disease. The business activity found to be reduced due to disease. Necessary preventive arrangements were made by the aviation department. Pakistan also banned on import of animal and birds. The burial ceremonies of deceased due to COVID-19 were also limited for participation. Many operations like Haj, Umrah and Olympic 2020 expected to be affected due to new viral disease. However a common marriage found to be reported in South Korea. Dr.Ventiang died on 8th February 2020 who initially suspected and diagnosed for existence and origin of new disease. On 26th   February 2020 a news  on front page indicating to inner page that “many countries affected by corona virus disease and afterward on 27th February 2020 there was a main headline news on the front page that “Corona reached Pakistan.”