Open Access Short Research Article
Each year, PostEurop's Stamps & Philately Working Group selects the Europa stamp theme. “Think green!” was the 2016 theme. Europa stamps 2016 are very special stamps, with “Think Green” theme aimed to create awareness and give a wakeup call. Its time to protect our environment for the better future of the coming generations, and to contribute to socio-economical sustainable development. In this context, we propose an insight into the history of Europe philatelic preoccupations for natural heritage conservation, and bring into discussion the significant concerns in promoting ecological educational via thematic issues - the Think green! maximum postcards. As such, the main objective is to identify, index and describe the main philatelic pieces (maxicards) issued in European countries, from the beginning of issuing in this field. Identification, indexing, analysis and description of maxims made in terms of information provided by platforms such as Delcampe®, eBay®, PicClick® etc, shows us that the concern for ecological education through philately is well-intentioned and well-received among collectors and the general public.
Open Access Original Research Article
The term “Arab World” is used to denote the geographical and nation-state entities in the modern West Asian and North African region popularly referred in its abbreviated version WANA. Democratic waves encapsulate the popular civilian uprisings, revolts, resistance, revolutionary upsurge, rebellion taking place from time to time in Arab world leading to political - regime transitions and profound convulsions in economy, society, culture ,literature, art and ideas. The contemporary WANA took birth in the interregnum of two world wars involving the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire and emergence of new nation-states as designed by the European colonial masters. The new political restructuring fundamentally replaced the ancient tribalism. The characteristics of modern states like bureaucracy, organized army, police force and other coercive apparatuses, hierarchical judicial system, municipal administrative units made their historic appearance.
Across the Arab world, the political system has been largely authoritarian and dictatorial in nature. The implanted monarchies referred to as the Sheikhdoms, military dictators usurping power through bloody coups and individual dictators based on popular revolutionary upsurge have been the characteristics of regimes of the Arab world. The popular democratic sentiments were crushed by the state apparatus leading to large scale bloodsheds. The modern Arab political history is replete with such instances of popular civilian democratic waves impacting the entire spectrum of their society. Undoubtedly, these upsurges didn't take place in any vacuum but were largely conditioned by contemporary political and economic changes. Besides this, these democratic waves were based on ideological frameworks containing the elements of Marxian socialism, Arab nationalism and Islam. These democratic waves have also been approached by construction of some typologies involving regional pattern, economic system and regime types.
This paper is an humble attempt to understand those ideological frameworks inspiring, instigating, guiding and reinvigorating democratic sentiments and revolutionary movements against authoritarian regimes demanding freedom, liberty, rights, equality, justice, rule of law, representative institutions, responsible and accountable governance. Further, it also endeavors to analyse patterns and typology of those democratic waves convulsing the polities, economies and societies of the Arab world.
Open Access Original Research Article
Low savings are an important factor in low economic growth rates. Saudi Arabia faces many future challenges, e.g., maintaining the gross domestic product, improving economic growth rates, providing job opportunities, as well as decreasing unemployment and nationalization rates. Therefore, the present research paper aims to identify the most important factors affecting domestic savings in Saudi Arabia by building a simultaneous equations model to measure interactions and interrelations between variables using 3SLS. The results showed a significant positive interaction between variables. Increasing domestic savings by 1% increased local investment by 0.957%, whereas increasing the investment coverage ratio by 1% increased local investment by 0.971%. Moreover, increasing local investment by 1% increased gross domestic product by 0.136%, while decreasing the rate by 1% increased gross domestic product by 0.334%. Increasing population by 1% increased gross domestic product by 1.520%. In short, these factors conveyed high rates of response.
Open Access Original Research Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the world into a health and economic crisis. Different countries have established different forms of quarantine, interrupting numerous ordinary routines and affecting work, free movement, trade, and, in particular, education. The inability of the examiner to travel during lockdown/ post lockdown discouragement of travel as per advisory, rules out the possibility of the traditional method of the in-person presence of external examiner for evaluation, while a completely new method of only online mode of practical examination may not be advisable or fair as per assessment principles.
Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess the challenges faced by final year medical postgraduate students during Pandemic COVID 19.
Methods and Materials: A Cross-Sectional study conducted among final year medical post-graduate students. An online survey was conducted from April 1st 2021 to April 30th 2021 to collect the information. A structural questionnaire link using ‘Google form’ was sent to students’ through WhatsApp and E-mail. A non-probability technique known as consecutive sampling was used to select the respondents.
Results: During the study period, 55 medical postgraduate students have included study, 30 students were male and 25 were men, Most of the student from the anesthesia department 14 (28%) and Community Medicine 12 (24%). 39 (70.9%) strongly agreed for their academic activity disturbed due to the COVID pandemic. Among students, 32 (58.2%) percentage students finished their thesis. 39 (70.9%) students strongly disagree for to postpone the final exam.
Conclusion: Students to do their academic activity by side by side during covid duty also and do their research project in the COVID patients. This is COVID pandemic every one suffered in the world, so to understand to cross this period, this is not for single person problem, so medical students to understand to do the duty very well and service to this nation with their safety measure take care their health including mental health.
Open Access Review Article
Aims: This paper was carried out to understand the situation and implementation effect of mathematics education and teaching work in colleges under the epidemic situation, grasp the problems and solving strategies in the practical processes, provide new ideas for mathematics education researchers and new inspiration for optimizing online teaching.
Methodology: The researcher checked all references that met the research criteria and finally identified 37 papers as research papers and summarized all the achievements by taking notes.
Conclusions: It is found that the current research results for college mathematics online teaching can be roughly divided into three types: college mathematics online teaching models and platforms, implementation strategies, and evaluation reflections. (1) Current domestic studies mainly focus on the selection of online teaching platforms and models, the implementation strategies of college mathematics online teaching (including strategies before class, during class and after class), and evaluation and reflection (advantages, limitations, factors and optimization). Previous studies have included many achievements with a certain depth and laid a good foundation for future research. (2) Previous studies have great limitations in the selection of research methods, and lack of empirical research to strengthen persuasiveness and reliability. Secondly, although the predecessors have obtained many results, the depth and breadth are very limited. (3) There is still a lot of room for research on this subject, such as online teaching research for other narrow higher mathematics courses, research on online teaching models suitable for students of different professional categories and ability levels, and establishing a sound evaluation system of blended learning model, etc.