Open Access Original Research Article

Individual Anchoveta(Engraulisringens) Fishing Quota and the Administration and Control of Fishing Activity in a Region of Peru

Iván Saldaña Estrada

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v17i330420

Aims:The research was carried out with the objective of determining whether the individual anchoveta(Engraulisringens) fishing quota for direct human consumption constitutes a regulatory alternative for the administration and control of fishing activity to the extent that it allows greater efficiency of the industry, the increase in value total fisheries, the improvement in the safety of fishing and the sustainability of the hydrobiological resource.

Methodology:The research is applied, non-experimental type and descriptive correlational design. The sample consisted of 50% of National and Comparative Legislation, Doctrine, Jurisprudence and Specialized Records on fishing issues; and by 30 experts in fisheries: lawyers 25% and representatives of fishermen 25%, from the District of Chimbote; Two questionnaires were developed to collect the data of the variables under study.

Results:The results are presented in tables and statistical figures. The results showed that the individual quota of anchoveta(E.ringens)fishing for direct human consumption constitutes 43.3% a regulatory alternative to administer and control the fisheries administration, Chimbote, 2018.

Conclusion:It was evidenced that the individual quota for fishing for direct human consumption allows a greater efficiency of the industry, the increase in the total value of the fisheries, the improvement in the safety of fishing and the sustainability of the hydrobiological resource. The individual fishing quota is a system that deserves to be seriously evaluated in Peru, with a broad participation not only of fishing entrepreneurs, but also of the various actors of civil society.

Open Access Original Research Article

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and College Libraries in Bhutan for Educational Achievement: A Comparative Study

Dhanapati Sharma, Phub Dorji, Nima Wangchuck

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 8-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v17i330421

Information is a vital and indispensable component of any education system. College libraries  and internet facilities are the two information retrieval sources for academic works. This study   aims to identify the preferable option (internet facilities vs library) for students for academic purposes. This cross-sectional questionnaire-based study recruited faculties, non-faculty staff, and students of Gedu College of Business Studies. The questionnaire was self-administered  and responses were collected. Descriptive test was used for statistical analysis. The responses of 181 participants (male 53.6%; female 46.4%) were used for analysis (response rate 95.2%). Participants responded that internet was more easily accessible (74.1% vs 24.9%), more frequently used (78.5% vs 21.5%), for academic purpose (74.1% vs 24.9%), and holds more value in life of learners (60.7% vs 39.3%). Participants remain divided on the reliability of the source of information (internet 53.6 % vs library 46.4). However, the library was considered  the cheaper (72.9% vs 27.1%) source of information. While 96.1 % of respondentsuse both sources, most (71.3%) participants feel that college should focus on developing internet facilities.Both libraries and the internet are used for academic purposes in college.  However, there is a greater need to prioritize and invest in internet facilities for future educational needs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Traditional Architecture in Romanian Philately (V): Case Study Regarding Households in Nereju, Ostrov, Sălciua de Jos, Șanț and Sârbova

Bogdan-Vasile Cioruța, Alexandru Leonard Pop

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 18-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v17i330422

Traditional architecture is integrated into the landscape, is adapted to the environment, and uses local natural materials. These are the general features. In fact, in each area there are their own and recognizable elements that ensure the local specificity. In this context, the present study aims to emphasize the beauty of traditional Romanian architecture in terms of philately. It is desired to expose the architectural specifics from the other five areas. This time it is the turn of illustrated postcards and other philatelic effects from Nereju (Vrancea), Ostrov (Constanța), Sălciua de Jos (Alba), Șanț (Bistrița-Năsăud) and Sârbova (Timiș) to come to the fore. What do these households have in common? Each of them suggests the idea that the new architecture should not imitate the old one. But it must respect the local specificity, assuming at the same time the moment when it was created. There is no need for constructions that imitate the architecture of 100-150 years ago (shown in the philatelic effects exposed), but for constructions that respect the spirit of the place.

Open Access Original Research Article

Implementation of ICT as a Teaching Tool for Language and Literacy in Primary Schools in Mauritius: Teachers’ Perspectives

Louis Jinot Belle, Kasmira Seerauj

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 29-36
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v17i330423

This study focuses on the implementation of ICT as a teaching tool for language and literacy in primary schools in Mauritius. It examines perceptions of primary school teachers of Grades 5 and 6 classes about the benefits, drawbacks and challenges of using ICT tools to enhance the teaching and learning of languages and literacy. The survey research design based on the quantitative research method was used to collect data from 100 primary schools in the district of Moka. The random sampling technique was used. The study indicates that teachers have an average level of perceptions of the drawbacks and challenges that they face in implementing ICT tools in their teaching, but they have a quite high level of perceptions of the benefits of using such tools. The most important finding is that they consider it difficult to use ICT tools in overcrowded classes that are common in Mauritian primary schools and that they are not well trained to use ICT tools to teach effectively and efficiently. It is recommended that, in the context of the new education reform called the Nine Year Basic Continuous Education, the Ministry of Education should review the teacher-pupil ratio and employ teaching assistants or support teachers to facilitate the effective use and implementation of ICT tools to accelerate its strategy towards the digitalization of education in the country.

Open Access Original Research Article

Development and Validation of an Emotional Intelligence Test for Medical Students

R. Deepa, Anuja S. Panicker

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 37-47
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v17i330424

Aims: Emotional intelligence is an important ability that has to be fostered among medical professionals. To foster an ability, it has to be assessed. The tests/tools already available are culture-sensitive and context-sensitive. Hence there is a need to develop a test to assess the emotional intelligence abilities of medical students. This paper describes a multiphase study in which an instrument was developed to assess the emotional intelligence of medical students.

Study Design:  The study was done in four phases. The first three phases were to develop the instrument and establish its reliability and validity. The fourth phase was to demonstrate the predictive validity of the developed instrument.

Place and Duration of Study: A private teaching hospital in South India; Two years.

Methodology: In the first phase, the emotional challenges of medical students (n =55) were understood to develop the situations for the situational judgment tests. In the second phase, the instrument was developed with 38 items contributing to the constructs of EI. In the third phase, a pilot study was conducted, in which the developed tool was administered on a sample of 150 medical students. The data was used to verify the content validity, construct validity, internal consistency reliability (0.8), and predictive validity. In the fourth phase (n = 102) the test-retest reliability (with a ten-month interval between the tests) and the predictive validity (established by studying the association between EI measured with the tool and the academic performance of respondents) of the purified instrument were studied.

Results: A tool to assess the EI of medical students was developed. The tool demonstrated test-retest reliability (0.6) and predictive validity (r = 0.29; P < .01).

Conclusion: The tool would provide a premise for the development of training programs and their inclusion in the medical curriculum, which in turn would yield medical professionals who can deliver enhanced patient care. The study also showed the impact of EI on the academic achievement of medical students and hence their knowledge and skills will also be improved by including EI in their curriculum.