Open Access Short Research Article

Teaching MBA and EMBA Students in Asia: Using Case Method and Online Education Software for Strategic Management

Lung-Tan Lu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i430384

Aims: MBA and EMBA students in higher power distance countries such as Taiwan used to listen lectures, not to express their opinions and discuss issues at classes openly. We used case method and online education software for teaching David's (2015) Strategy-Formulation Analytical Framework at the course of Strategic Management. MBA and EMBA students in Taiwan were pleased to submit their opinions by the on-line software; therefore, teachers can lead them to solve problems by discussing cases.

Study Design:  We used the case method and online educational software to teach Strategy-Formulation Analytical Framework for MBA and EMBA students in a university in Taiwan.

Place and Duration of Study: Studies carried out at one university in Taiwan between 2016 and 2017.

Methodology: Our sample came from around 40 MBA and EMBA students who attended Strategic Management courses in a university in Taiwan.

Results: At the end of the courses, MBA and EMBA students can use the David’s Strategy-Formulation Analytical Framework in other industries such as tourism and higher education industries.

Conclusion: Teaching in higher power distance countries are quite difficult to use case method since most students has been trained to listen teachers' lectures from primary schools. Although some students would be asked to answer questions, but most of the students in class felt it's not their business. Combining case methods and online education software may allow all students in class to submit their opinions and listen to other's opinions. We recommend teachers in Asian countries with high power distance and low individualism, such as China, Japan and Korea use this teaching method.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Graduate Students Adapting Flexible Learning Modality Due to COVID-19 Pandemic

Jenelyn E. Delgado, Josefine Arellano

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 7-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i430385

The Lived Experiences of Graduate Students Adapting Flexible Learning Modality due to COVID-19 Pandemic was examined in this study. It tackles how the graduate students can cope with the many challenges the new normal of our educational system could offer. Using a qualitative, phenomenological research framework, this study uses in-depth individual interviews to collect data. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and thematically analyzed. To further explore the perception of the participants in taking PhD class despite of flexible learning, there are four questions to get the reactions, like: The aspects of an online course that they are worried about or thought would be beneficial. Advantage and disadvantage of online course. Comparison of graduate students’ experiences in flexible learning modality to normal classes. Experience with the online technologies that they utilized. With that questions as a guide, themes, sub themes and significant statement were identified. They think that flexible modality does not affect or hinder learning for their professional advancement and growth. They took advantage of the online class, not to travel to school anymore. Worry on the first meeting because they could not easily join the Google meet. Enjoyable but Brain draining. Compared to normal classes they said: Convenient because it lessens the fare for transportation, more time at home, can attend the class even without taking a bath, save expenses for food and fare. Inconvenient in the sense that they could not cope with the discussion because of poor internet connectivity.  As to the delivery of knowledge, they are the same. The online technologies quantify their eagerness to learn new and advance technology Recommendations for online instructors to support students about the flexible learning modality. There should be provision for modules, videos and other links. Be lenient and understanding of the submission of requirements because of limited time and poor connectivity. Minimize the activities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Gender Effect on Mathematics Anxiety of Secondary School Students in Ogun West Senatorial District, Nigeria

Olubusayo Aduke Asikhia

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 17-23
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i430386

Mathematics has become an important and compulsory school subject in many countries of the world but it has been recognized by many researchers as causing panic and fear for many students and this has often made most of such students to fail the subject. This study therefore sought the effect of gender on the mathematics anxiety of senior secondary school students in Ogun West Senatorial District. The sample size for this study were 270 senior secondary school students 2 (SS2) who were selected through stratified random sampling technique. The Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-revised (MARS-R) was the only instrument used for the study. The data collected were analysed through Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and t-test. Results revealed a significant difference effect of gender on students’ mathematics anxiety. The study also revealed higher mathematics anxiety scores for male students than the female. The researcher recommended that counselors should use  this study as a theoretical and empirical basis to help counselors see the need to help male students focus more on the subject so as to avoid being anxious. Schools should also sponsor seminars/workshops especially for male students on the importance of mathematics for career progression.

Open Access Original Research Article

Access to Primary Education of Remote Transmigration Community (A Case in Pohuwato Regency, Indonesia)

Naufal Ilma Wahyuddin, . Lahaji, Zohra Yasin, Muhammad Obie

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 24-32
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i430387

This study analyzed access to primary education of transmigration community in remote areas.  It was related to the availability of primary education facilities and infrastructure, besides the efforts of parents in encouraging their children to pursue an education. It was also related to the perception of the young generation towards the importance of education and the primary education level achievements for the transmigration community, as well as the existing primary education problems and its solutions. Researchers collected data through observation, interviews, focused group discussions, and literature studies. The results showed that the education facilities in the transmigration community were sufficient. Parents made several attempts to encourage their children to go to school. Parents gave advice, showed examples of success, provided all the children's school needs, freed children for working in the garden, followed the child's school information, and gave gifts. The researchers found that the perception of the young generation of the importance of education was quite positive. The achievement of primary education in the transmigration community was quite adequate. Nevertheless, its implementation in the transmigration community still faced several problems, namely the limited availability of teachers, inadequate road transportation access, limited library access, and insufficient lighting. The problem solving that exists the involvement of various stakeholders, both local governments, schools, and the community.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perceptions of Population on COVID-19 in Lisala City (Mongala Province) and Perspective of Valorising Alternative Therapy in Democratic Republic of the Congo

C. M. Falanga, E. M. Lindomba, C. L. Inkoto, N. B. Basosila, C. A. Masengo, W. S. Lusasi, M. H. Ratsimba, R. Baholy, P. T. Mpiana, V. Mudogo, K. N. Ngbolua

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 33-43
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i430388

Aim: To assess the population's knowledge of COVID-19 in order to guide future scientific research on the alternative management of this pandemic by Traditional Pharmacopoeia.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was undertaken in Lisala city (province of Mongala, Democratic Republic of the Congo), from 26 July to 10 August 2020.

Methodology: The surveys consisted in drafting a questionnaire beforehand to apprehend the knowledge of COVID-19among the surrounding population. The interview was conducted in Lingala language using stratified proportional random sampling method.

Results: A total of 200 people were interviewed in Lisala city. The majority were men (63.0% vs. 37.0%). The majority of the respondents were aged between 26-45 years (51.5%). The majority of the respondents were Ngombe people (43.5%), followed by Budja (21.5%), Mongo (13.0%) and Lokele (7.0%) respectively. The best source of information on the pandemic in Lisala city was the radio (72.5%), followed by the multisectoral committee for the response to COVID-19 (17.5%), television (9.0%) and newspapers (1.5%). In the event of contamination, the therapeutic approach recommended by the population is modern medicine (76.5%) as opposed to 23.5% of respondents who prefer to resort to traditional medicine. The majority of respondents prefer health products other than vaccines (71.0% vs. 20.0%). The results of the present survey showed statistically significant difference (at the probability threshold of 0.05: χ2≥9.345 and p-value≤0.05) and relationship (Cramer Pearson V value≥0.216) between educational status of the respondents and variables like knowledge on the disease consequences, knowledge on the COVID-19 agent; remarks concerning communication strategy; the risk of infection from living with a COVID-19 infected people; the fear to be infected; the existence of COVID-19 support structures and the knowledge on barrier.   

Conclusion and Suggestions: The population's dependence on Traditional Medicine is postulated as one of the protective factors for the population of sub-Saharan Africa against COVID-19. It is therefore desirable to develop a phytochemicals library and its virtual screening in order to partially validate the anti-corona-viral properties of medicinal plants. Computational chemistry and structural biology will thus help to develop sustainable alternative medicine using molecular modelling and dynamics as strategy for predicting bioactivity, pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties of natural products isolated from medicinal plants.