Open Access Original Research Article

ESL Students’ Study Strategies for Examinations

Judy Ann C. Lelis, Jelwin L. Mamac, Alfresah M. Resola, Ariel E. San Jose, Maria Gregoria R. Conception

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i230372

Aims: To determine the different study strategies used by students in preparing for examinations, as well as to find out the various difficulties they encounter, and the significance of the utilization of such study strategies.

Study Design: This study used the qualitative method particularly the phenomenological-realistic approach.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the Southern Philippines Agribusiness and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology (SPAMAST), Digos Campus during the first semester of school year 2019-2020.

Methodology: The participants were purposively chosen. Selection criteria were also considered such as: student was an English major, no failing marks in English subjects, and a full-time student. Researcher-made interview-guide questions based on the formulated research questions were used. The same was given to experts for evaluation and validation.

Results: Four themes with corresponding core idea were formulated from the data analysis. It revealed that despite the technology, note taking was the most common technique employed by students among other study strategies. Identified barriers while using note-taking were environmental distractions and physiological barriers. Interestingly, the participants had diverse techniques in addressing the barriers. The participants realized that having strategies were essential and potentially useful for them to become self-aware and confident. The strategies also lessened the pressure during the examination. Mentors need to encourage learners to adopt and develop their study strategies to gain success in their examinations.

Conclusion: The students’ choice of study strategies is dependent on their needs and individual differences. Likewise, study strategies are dependent on convenience and effectivity. Among the different study strategies, note-taking stand-out and resulted as mostly preferred by students despite the advancement of technology. It implies that students choose to remain traditional. However, these study strategies are not fully convenient according to the students who have encountered certain difficulties that hinder them in using it smoothly. The students in turn have set coping measures to overcome the barriers they have encountered. Furthermore, the researchers have come to realize that the students utilize these study strategies not just mainly to prepare and pass examinations but also to attain academic excellence.

Implication. One of the great ancient philosophers once said that “no one is wiser than himself.” Considering this thought, we can say that academic success does not depend on others but on someone who does the studies. It is therefore wise that for students to have better marks in examinations, they need to adopt or develop study strategies. On the part of the teachers, they can present to the learners the different examination strategies and make the students choose which strategies fit them best. Also, teachers can encourage the learners to sustain those strategies which are beneficial to them.

Open Access Original Research Article

Disability Inclusive Public Transport in a City in Perú

Karin Ponce Rojas

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 21-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i230376

Aims: In Latin America and the Caribbean, a large percentage of the urban and interurban transport service remains inaccessible for citizens with a disability. In Peru, citizens with complex disabilities have been made invisible in the public transport service. The objective of this research is to determine the relationship between the management of inclusive urban public transport and the accessibility of persons with disabilities in the city of Trujillo, 2020, and how public management impacts on this group of citizens.

Methodology: A questionnaire was used based on the dimensions of each variable. The variables were: Inclusive urban public transport management composed of 5 dimensions (equipment and services, adapted vehicles, preferential rate, regulatory compliance, state of the roads) and accessibility of people with disabilities, composed of 5 dimensions (physical environment, attitudinal , social activities, mobility, comfort). Spearman's rank correlation was used.

Results: The results allowed identifying that the management of inclusive urban public transport in the city of Trujillo has a predominantly deficient level, and the accessibility of people with disabilities is mainly poor.

Conclusion: A direct and significant relationship was evidenced between the management of inclusive urban public transport and its dimensions (equipment and services, adapted vehicles, preferential rates, regulatory compliance, state of the roads) with the accessibility of people with disabilities in the city of Trujillo.

Open Access Original Research Article

Through the Walls of Inclusion: The Higher Education Institution Perspective in Philippines

Maria Grace I. Mirador, Lyra Paz P. Lluz

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 28-34
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i230377

Every learning institution envisions to uphold the principles of inclusive education. A higher education institution like Eastern Samar State University must accommodate all learners of different backgrounds, with or without special needs. Hence, this phenomenological study was conducted to explore views and experiences of faculty on inclusive education, with particular focus on their encounter with students with special needs (SENs). Data gathered through in-depth interview of five selected faculty members with direct experiences on students with special needs in their classes, were transcribed and coded for themes and patterns. Results revealed that the research participants have the basic understanding of inclusive education. Faculty members consider their inclusive teaching experiences challenging and become more interventionist in providing learning activities to students with and without special needs. Major challenges encountered by the faculty members are on their preparedness to teach students with special needs especially in providing activities to their classes, and how equipped are they with the skills to cater to the learning needs of these students with special needs mainstreamed with the regular classes. With the challenges faced by the faculty members, the university can consider the need to develop and upgrade their knowledge and practical skills on IE practices in formulating policies and professional development activities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Problems and Suggestions for Health and Wellness Tourism at Panxi, China

Tsai-Fa(TF) Yen, Jiawei Shao, Xia Lin

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 35-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i230378

Health and wellness tourism (HWT) comes from health tourism, which is a form of tourism that maintains and enhances physical and mental health. With the coming of the aging society, government departments are also facing many problems in promoting the development of health tourism industry. This study aims at verifying the problems and offering some suggestions through literature review and a field survey at Pan Zhihua City and Miyi County of southwest China. Through the field survey, this study finds that the problems of health and wellness tourism in Panxi area of China are mainly in transportation, infrastructure, tourism resources, activity planning, medical resources and management system. Based on the conclusions, suggestions like strengthen the health tourism project delivery and activities were recommended.

Open Access Review Article

Affordances of Flipped Classrooms: Unveiling the Paradox of Basics and Key Principles of Flipped Learning

Shashi Verma, Ritesh Kumar Tiwari, Lalit Singh

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 10-20
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i230374

The flipped classroom is an active, student-centered strategy that has been developed to enhance the quality of the classroom era. For many years up till now, language experts have been seeking better ways to teach and learn. Flipped learning in the classroom that spreads rapidly throughout the world is not well established. All through the history of teaching and learning, traditional methods have come and gone. Despite traditional methods, modern methods tend to be more of a student-centered, constructivist, inquiry-based one. "Flipped learning" is an eye-catching model that has recently become popular. This article seeks to provide perspectives into flipped classes: roles, processes, and step-by-step what really happens inside and outside! That is to attract attention to its potential in the education field and provide to make it recognize more by educators and researchers. To this end, it has been tried to clarify the benefits and constraints of what flipped classroom strategy is all about.