Open Access Opinion Article

Adult Learning Principles a Strategy for Improving Instructional Delivery in Higher Institutions of Learning in Nigeria

Murtala Aknabi Yusuf

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 38-45
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i130369

This paper argues that an andragogical approach to teaching and learning in higher education in Nigeria has become necessary if the goals prescribed by the National Policy on Education as regards tertiary education are to be achieved. Going by the current practice in some tertiary education institutions, students are seen as passive learners and teachers as “masters” of all knowledge. This posture naturally promotes 'banking learning' which views learners as banks within whom knowledge is deposited to be withdrawn at a later date. Since an approach such as this is inimical to the achievement of the goals of tertiary education in Nigeria, the paper advocates for the adoption of adult learning principles by teachers of higher institution of learning. Adult learning principle which is based on andragogy theory propounded by Malcolm Knowles sees learners as autonomous and self-directed; experienced; goal-oriented; relevancy-oriented; practical-oriented individuals. The paper ends by giving selective examples of how adult learning principles may be applied to higher education teaching to achieve the goals enunciated within the Nigeria National Policy on Education. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage: Study on SMEs in Sri Lanka

Himasha Erandi, Vilani Sachitra

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i130365

Purpose: Knowledge Management (KM) can be defined as capturing, distributing, and effectively using knowledge. Organizations become more knowledge intensive and they are hiring “minds” more than “hands”. The organization practice has shown that knowledge, when properly used and leveraged, could drive it to become more innovative and thus, more competitive. The investments on intangible resources and the creation of capabilities made by the SMEs are quite problematic. The main reason of conducting this study is to examine the effects of Knowledge Management Practices (KMP) to gain competitive advantage (CA) of SMEs in Sri Lanka.

Methods: Explanatory research approach was utilized followed with quantitative research method. Knowledge Creation, Knowledge Validation, Knowledge Presentation, Knowledge Distribution and Knowledge Application were considered as Knowledge Management Practices. The study was conducted with 32 SMEs in Colombo District. 

Findings: According to the overall assessment of Knowledge Management Practices in SMEs, 12.5 percent of respondents were never heard about Knowledge Management while 6.3 percent were thinking that it is just a management activity that organizations are already engaging with. Further, 34.4 percent opined that Knowledge Management is a strategic part of the business while 15.6 percent stated Knowledge Management is not existence at their organizations. Fortunately, 40.6 percent believed that Knowledge Management Practices could be beneficial for the organizations. Correlation analysis result indicated moderate positive correlation among knowledge creation, validation, presentation, distribution, application and competitive advantage of SMEs. Regression analysis results revealed that of knowledge distribution was the only significant determinant of competitive advantage of SMEs.  

Research Implications:  The findings could be beneficial to SMEs to share and manage tacit and explicit knowledge and information effectively within their entity to achieve competitive advantage. Organizational learning will help them to enhance their decision-making process more effectively. The smooth and accelerate access to information and knowledge and manages to engage in work will be bonuses of having a good Knowledge Management Practices in the society.

Limitations: The study was conducted based on the sample of SMEs in Colombo District, as in Colombo area population is relatively high and it is the business hub of Sri Lanka. Generalizability of the findings might be restricted.

Open Access Original Research Article

Improving Food Choices of Elementary School Children Using Nutriscie-Card Game

Ronald O. Ocampo, Rema Bascos-Ocampo

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 16-22
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i130366

Filipino children are put at risk with the increasing intake of junk foods which often resulted in health problems such as obesity, malnutrition, gastro -intestinal and urinary related illnesses such as constipation, stomach ulcers, urinary tract infection, kidney stone, and others, This Study was conducted to develop and validate a nutri- scie card game intended to foster awareness on healthy foods consumption among school children. The researcher made use of the Research and Development model by Borg and Gall with the following phases: identification of learning competencies; development of nutria scie card game; and validation of the nutri-scie card game by subject experts and experts in instructional materials development. Result of the validation revealed that Nutri-Scie Card game is highly valid. A significant improvement was noted in most food choices of the pupil respondents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of ICT Integrated Pedagogy on Children’s Comprehension and Learning Outcomes in Science at Upper Primary Level

. Deepshikha, Ramakant Mohalik, Animesh Kumar Mohapatra

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 23-37
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i130367

This study investigated the impact of ICT integrated pedagogy on learning outcomes in science of upper primary students. A quasi-experimental (Pre-tests and post-tests with control group) research design was adopted to conduct the study. One hundred and twenty five class VIII children were the participants. The experimental group was taught with the help of ICT integrated pedagogy whereas the control group was taught by traditional chalk and talk pedagogy. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicated a statistically significant difference in comprehension and learning outcomes of a science topic i.e. Cell: Structure and Function of experimental group and control groups. Children of the experimental group had better learning outcomes in science than control groups. This trend was also reflected in personal interviews.Therefore, it is suggested that ICT integrated pedagogy ought to be employed in the teaching of science at the upper primary level to enhance conceptual understanding and learning outcomes in the subject.

Open Access Review Article

Self-Efficacy of Teachers in Managing Inclusive Classroom Behavior: An Analysis

Subhash Sarkar, Pinku Kundu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 46-53
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i130370

Classroom management, a plaguing aspect of the teaching-learning process over the past century is the single skill that has contributed to self-efficacy of teachers and achievement of students. Self-efficacy, standing at the core of social cognitive theory has contributed in teachers’ ability to achieve desired outcome in the classroom. In the present study, an attempt has been made to analyze the relationship between classroom behavior management and self-efficacy of teachers and to identify the strategies for effective classroom behavior management from the literature.  The relationship between teachers’ classroom behavior management and self-efficacy beliefs is cyclic. Teachers with higher self-efficacy are more prone to use effective strategies resulting more student achievement which in turn causes higher self-efficacy of teachers. Identifying behavioral demands of the mainstreamed classroom, school wide discipline, peer- relationship establishment, affective education strategies, problem solving approach, self-management intervention, promoting positive behavior and decreasing inappropriate behavior are some of the effective strategies found in the literature which have effective implications in teacher education program which are still lacking in the revamped teacher education curriculum in our country and most importantly, teachers are to be trained in selecting and implementing respective strategies according to the situational demand and the individual needs of the students.