Open Access Original Research Article

Academic Supervision for Improving Quality Education in Primary Schools of Bangladesh: Concept, Issues and Implications

Md. Jahangir Alam, A. K. M. Mahmudul Haque, Akter Banu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v14i330359

Quality primary education has become a first and foremost matter of concern of our country in the twenty-first century. In Bangladesh, achievement in primary education is tremendous, though there is a question in quality education. In this case, there are numerous problems that resist the process of quality education at the primary level and lack of effective academic supervision is one of them. The study is descriptive in nature and it collects relevant data and information from secondary sources through content analysis. The study highlights on the general role and functionalities of the Assistant Upazila (sub-district) Education Officer (AUEO) as a supervisor in improving the teaching-learning process and to improve quality primary education. It tries to make a conceptual analysis on different aspects of academic supervisor, quality education in school, supervision and inspection, quality assurance as well as teaching-learning. The study reveals that low support and morale, inspection rather than academic supervision, lack of dedication and professionalism, etc are the main issues of academic supervision which hamper quality primary education in Bangladesh. The study recommends that AUEO’s role as a supervisor should assist the execution of the numerous roles and functionalities which will progress the teaching-learning situation in the input process to improve quality primary education in Bangladesh.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Influencing Teaching of Chemistry in Class Nine and Ten in the Schools under Chhukha District, Bhutan

Ngawang Chogyel, Norbu Wangdi

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 13-25
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v14i430360

This study investigated the factors influencing the teaching of chemistry in class nine and ten in the schools under Chhukha District, Bhutan. Adopting convergent mixed method design, the study employed structured questionnaire to collect quantitative data and semi-structured interview and classroom observation to collect qualitative data. The sample comprised of 10 Chemistry teachers and 500 students from class nine and ten from three middle secondary schools and two higher secondary schools. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics in the form of tables, mean and standard deviation whereas the qualitative data were analyzed based on content analysis technique. The findings of this study highlighted that the lack of laboratory resources, limited time allocated for chemistry theory and practical classes, and teachers’ heavy workload impacted teaching of chemistry negatively while the teacher’s sound knowledge on the chemistry subject impacted the teaching of chemistry positively.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on Emotional Intelligence among School Going Adolescents in Kolkata

Bikash Chandra Ghorai, Samayita Kundu, Sunil Santra

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 47-58
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v14i430364

The aim of the present study is to determine the level of emotional intelligence of school going adolescents; and to compare the emotional intelligence and its four dimensions/sub-factors i.e., understanding emotions, understanding motivation, empathy and handling relation of school going adolescents with respect to their gender, grade and board pattern of education. The present study was carried out on 288 higher secondary school students selected as sample from six schools of three different boards of education (viz. two WBCHSE, two CBSE and two ICSE) of Kolkata district in West Bengal using convenient sampling technique. This research is cross-sectional survey type study. The measuring tool in this research originally was of two-point emotional intelligence scale entitled as ‘Emotional Intelligence Scale (ESI – SANS) of Dr. A. K. Singh and Dr. S. Narain [1] which was translated in Bengali version by B. C. Ghorai and L. L. Mohakud [2]. After the initial exploratory analysis of the data, different statistical (descriptive and inferential) techniques are used to analyze the data set via SPSS 20. Results of the study revealed that there is no statistically significant difference in emotional intelligence and it’s sub-factors of school going adolescent with respect to their gender grade and board pattern of education. The findings provide a further need on how to more improve upon the emotional intelligence of school going adolescent. Implications and recommendations for developing emotional intelligence school going adolescent are discussed.

Open Access Review Article

Comparative Analysis of Sindh Education Foundation and Private Educational Institutions: A Case Study of District Khairpur

Umeed Ali, Imran Maqbool

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 26-33
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v14i430361

Schooling is important for the character preparing of person. There are various kinds of establishments accessible like private and public organizations, specialized foundations, These organizations are having the triangle of three principle columns; comprised of Teachers, Students, and Curriculum. There are two fundamental kinds of schools in Pakistan and everywhere on the world. One is public and other is non-public school framework. Presently a day’s non-public schools are getting more top pick and appealing for lion's share of the understudies because of their better training frameworks, test measures and information creation versus SEF schools, which similarly Free however wasteful are losing their fascination. Guardians want to send their kids in tuition based schools and evade SEF schools. The primary target of this examination is to research why individuals favor high charging tuition based schools to free SEF schools (That charge nothing)? We show that five principle factors arise as significant determinants of non-public school decision. These incorporate the financial status of the family unit, the level of a school's availability, the expense of tutoring, guardians' impression of school quality, and their view of the accessible business openings in the area.

Open Access Review Article

Metacognitive Strategies for Reading Comprehension in Basic Education Students

Zoila Isabel Tamayo Navarro

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 34-46
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2021/v14i430362

The objective of this review article was to determine how metacognitive strategies improve reading comprehension in Basic Education students, for which it was proposed to search for and select the recent scientific investigations regarding metacognitive strategies and reading comprehension. Sixty papers published between 2015 and 2020 in indexed journals that address metacognitive strategies and reading comprehension were analyzed. For the choice of articles, four tables were used aligned to what was established in the flow diagram of the Prisma protocol. It was found that 70% of articles were based on metacognition theory, 15% on constructivist theory and the other 15% on other theories. It was evidenced that 50% of the studies belong to South America, while 25% to Asia and 25% to Europe. Metacognitive strategies help improve reading comprehension in elementary school students, favor self-regulation during the reading process. The role of teachers is very important for the use of appropriate and diverse strategies, techniques in order to strengthen learning and reading comprehension. The problem of reading comprehension is also manifested in the study of foreign languages. The application of metacognitive strategies programs or workshops highly favored reading comprehension, and their application in the reading development phases were planning, supervision and evaluation, which helped to significantly improve the comprehension of texts.