Open Access Short Research Article

Academic Integrity Programs at Schools Are One of the Key Assumptions for Ethical Workplace

Peter Krocity

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 22-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v13i230328

This paper describes how college students are trained to behave ethically not only during their studies but also as graduates functioning in business environment. It reflects results of a study performed at the College of Management in Slovakia. The focus is an analysis of academic honesty program at the college, its successes and challenges as well as importance of ethics in the current business environment.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Computer Ergonomic Hazards among Office Workers in Klang Valley, Malaysia

Halimi Poniran, Noor Nasyikin Md Zain, Noor Malinda Mohamed Mohan, Fazilah Tamsir, Noor Ayuernie Ibrahim

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v13i230326

Extent of computer usage in public and private sectors had been greatly increased in recent decades carrying the risk of several health hazards. Due to the impact of computer ergonomic hazards on office workers, this study is conducted to evaluate the awareness and determinants of computer ergonomic hazards among office workers in Klang Valley. A total of 340 office workers from 4 district areas were selected using online survey. Independent sample t-test and standard multiple regression was used to analyse the data. The finding of this study reveals that the respondents possess a high level of awareness of computer ergonomics hazards especially the long hours of computer usage can affect their health conditions. Consistent with the Activity Theory, this study suggests that the design of workstation has an impact on computer ergonomic hazards. This study gives the office management as well as policy-makers the opportunity to take necessary steps such as arranging training and development programmes, prepare guidelines on the awareness of computer ergonomic hazards, and redesign the workstation’s furniture and setup following worldwide prominent ergonomic standard and guidelines.

Open Access Original Research Article

Psychological Burnout among Tutors in Colleges of Education in the Ashanti Region, Ghana

Kennedy Nyeseh Ofori, Eunice Agyeiwaa Kyere, Lydia Boateng Berko

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 12-21
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v13i230327

This paper identifies the antecedents of psychological burnout and its influence on tutors’ job stress in Colleges of Education in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The study adopted a case study approach because it probes four specific Colleges of Education (COE) in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Quantitative research method was employed. Cluster sampling was used in selecting 120 tutors and then stratified on the basis of gender. The study used questionnaire as the main research instrument for gathering the data from participants. Cronbach’s Alpha was used to test the sample reliability, which yielded coefficient 0f 0.84. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics, with Pearson Product Moment Correlation and multiple regression models as analytical tools. Hypothesis was tested at a significant level of 0.01 and 0.05. Results revealed that lack of job satisfaction (96 %) and delay in payment of salary (88%) were the leading antecedents of psychological burnout among the tutors. Again, the findings showed that lack of commitment to work (92%) and transferring of aggression to teacher trainees were the top most effects of stress on Tutors. Results of hypothesis tested revealed no significant difference on the expression on both the causes and effects of psychological burnout among tutors on the basis of gender.  It was concluded that inadequate or complete lack of academic facilities did not only impair academic productivity, but also exerted undue stress on tutors and available facilities. The study recommended among others, the development priorities of the colleges should be Tutor –teacher trainee oriented.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Advantages of Conservation Agriculture Practice in Coastal Areas of Chattogram Division: A Productivity and Profitability Analysis

Kausar Ahmed Majumder, Jasim Uddin Ahmed, Kanij Fatema

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 29-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v13i230329

The study was conducted to assess comparative advantages of the productivity and profitability for conservation agriculture practice in Chattogram. A total of 120 farmers (60 farmers adopting conservation agriculture (CA) and 60 farmers non-adopting CA) from two districts (Feni and Noakhali) of Chattogram division were selected. Descriptive statistics like sum, averages, percentages, and ratios were calculated to evaluate the nature and extent of use of advanced machinery and fertilizer data. Farmers were categorized on the basis of farm size (small, medium and large) and selected by multistage stratified sampling. Crop productivity was measured using the Enyedi’s crop productivity index. The profitability of crop production was measured in terms of gross return, gross margin, net margin and benefit-cost ratio (BCR). The crop productivity of rice, mustard and soybean were increased by 0.18, 26, and 0.19 percent, respectively in respect to non-practicing conservation agriculture.  BCR increased by 42.43%, 40.78% and 36.61% for rice, mustard and soybean cultivation respectively with respect to the entire region for adopting conservation agriculture practice. Ultimately, the farmers who adopted conservation agriculture were gaining more profit than the farmer whose were not adopting the conservation agriculture practice. As Bangladesh is a labour intensive country and the availability of capital is short. The expense of purchasing the machines cannot be afforded by the farmers. In Feni and Noakhali are located in the coastal region. Climatic problem is another problem of the people of this area. The uses of advanced machineries are still limited. The quality of soil is decreasing day by day because of excessive use of synthetic fertilizers.

Open Access Original Research Article

How to Develop Cultural and Creative Tourism at a Demonstrated Village in Yi Nationality Region of Liangshan Prefecture

Yu-Xiang Liu, Jian-Lin Xiong, Yi Chen, Tsai-Fa(TF) Yen

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 43-55
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v13i230330

Liangshan Prefecture, located in Sichuan Province in Southwest China, is the largest inhabited area of the Yi ethnic group and is also known as a contiguous impoverished area in the country. Therefore, poverty needs to be addressed through rural revitalization. The purpose of this study is to explore the strategic objectives and achievements of rural revitalization in Liangshan Yi Area through the construction of demonstration villages, to explore the current situation and problems of cultural and creative tourism development, and to provide Suggestions for improvement through literature collection and empirical investigation. The research finds that the problems of cultural and creative tourism development in the case model village include the strengthening of infrastructure construction, the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure, the lack of downward publicity and external publicity, and the low cognition and acceptance of cultural and creative tourism. Finally, this study suggests that to develop cultural and creative tourism in the model village, the government must make relevant improvements, such as strengthening policy support, actively promoting and guiding the development of cultural and creative tourism in the model village, and increase the link with colleges and universities. For the demonstration villages, this study suggests that the professional quality of cultural and creative tourism of village leaders, the establishment of cultural and tourism seed teachers, and the establishment of village organization and manpower training should be improved.