Open Access Short communication

Depleting the Usage of Plastics to Enhance the Agricultural Land. An Attitudinal Study for Sustainable Generation

Maria Josephine Arokia Marie, Deepmala Tiwari

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i230305

Agriculture is the main source of support for past, present and future generations who depends on it for sustainable development. Now a day’s modern agronomy skills developed plentiful to cater the need of the growing population which is highly encouraged but at the same time it leads to numerous issues like land pollution, negative environmental impacts, toxic problems, proliferation of carcinogenic diseases and so on. One of the main factors which affects our land is the usage of plastics in our regular life. This plastic usage and it improper waste management also plays an consequential role in polluting the soil system. Soil system is chief source for agriculture, if soil system is maintained with good conditions like acidic and basic nature than good yield of crops was expected. This paper mainly focuses on the types of plastics and how it affects the life. Many studies have been done in this area and as an educationalist it is essential to develop positive attitude towards agronomy skills without damaging the soil system. The study also intends to develop positive attitude towards agronomy skills for students and how to prepare soil for better agricultural crops and the main intention of this paper is to reduce the use of plastics to sustain the sustainable generation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Positive Reinforcement Practices and Self-Resiliency of Grade Six Students

Merry Rose R. Lapaz, Amelie T. Bello

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 7-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i230306

Aims: To determine the teachers’ positive reinforcement practices and its impact on the self-efficacy of Grade Six students in the selected elementary schools in Kiblawan Disctrict, Division of Davao del Sur.

Study Design: Descriptive-correlational research design.

Place and Duration of Study: Kiblawan South District, Division of Davao del Sur, School Year 2019-2020.

Methodology: The respondents of the study were the 188 Grade Six students at the 14 elementary schools of Kiblawan South District, Kiblawan, Davao del Sur. Moreover, random sampling technique was used wherein the 188 students were randomly selected out of 355 students through drawing of lots. Data were collected using self-made survey questionnaires which were validated by the experts. Data gathered were treated using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and were carried out at a 95% confidence interval and a 0.05 level of significance.

Results: Results of the study showed a high extent of positive reinforcement practices of teachers. A high level of self-efficacy of Grade six students was also noted. Statistical analysis further revealed a high and positive significant relationship between teachers’ positive reinforcement practices and students self-resiliency. Thus, teachers’ reinforcing initiatives were instrumental in increasing the ability of the students to adjust and cope up with the stressors more efficiently and effectively.

Open Access Original Research Article

Roles of Technology Enhanced Learning in Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance among Laboratory Professionals in Public Health Facilities in Nigeria

Nura Bawa, Hafsat Yusuf Imam

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 18-24
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i230307

Technology has been found effective in almost all aspects of life. This includes its effectiveness in the field of education through technology enhanced learning. This paper aimed to look at roles of technology enhanced learning in tackling antimicrobial resistance among laboratory professionals in public health facilities in Nigeria. Qualitative research design was adopted for the study. Population of the study included all 75300 laboratory professionals in the North-west Nigeria. Convenience sampling technique was used to select 382 participants as sample for the study. This was guided by Research Advisors Model for selection of sample size. The instrument (open ended questionnaire) was used to gather data for the study. It was validated by experts, pilot study was conducted, and reliability index of 0.88 was obtained. It was found from the study that most of the health care professionals lamented not only they lack modern laboratory equipment but also lack technical knows how to operate the modern laboratory equipment/tools/apparatuses. It also was gathered that vast majority of them use handheld devices (smart phones) with few of them using laptops and in extreme cases desktops computers for learning and other day-to-day activities. Based on the findings from the study, it was concluded that in the 21st Century, collaborations through technology has become imminent. Thus, technology enhanced professional learning will not only help share information about global challenges but also help in providing lasting solutions to it. The study recommended that workshops and regular trainings should be organized to teach health care professionals on how to effectively collaborate, generate and share information through social media platforms.

Open Access Original Research Article

Implementation of School Based Management in SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kalasan Sleman Yogyakarta

. Nuryani, Enung Hasanah, Suharsimi Arikunto, Hendro Widodo

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 25-36
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i230308

School-Based Management (SBM) is implemented with the principles of independence, cooperation, participation, openness and school accountability; however, the application of SBM in each school is different. SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kalasan Sleman Yogyakarta is one of the schools implementing SBM. This phenomenon has prompted research on the implementation of school-based Management at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kalasan Sleman Yogyakarta. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of school independence, the level of school cooperation, the form of stakeholder participation, the level of school openness, and the level of school accountability in the application of school-based Management at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kalasan.

We used a non-experimental quantitative research method with a descriptive approach to explore the implementation of school-based Management at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kalasan Sleman Yogyakarta . Participants in this study consisted of 40 people. The data collection process was carried out through questionnaires, interviews and documentation.

The results showed that the implementation of school-based Management at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kalasan was in a suitable category as indicated by; (1) school independence has been running well (2) school cooperation, namely cooperation between school members and with parties outside the school is well established (3) forms of participation of stakeholders (government, community, and school residents), namely in the form of financial support, material support/facilities, thought support, and personnel support in good category; (4) school openness has been running well, and (5) school accountability has gone well by providing responsibility for the process and results of program implementation as well as school finances to school members, school committees, foundations and the government. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested for other schools in Indonesia that implement school-based management to make school independence, school cooperation, and the ability of schools to increase community participation as the foundation for implementing school-based management to build better school quality.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Danger of Acculturation Process Phase to International Students’ Academic Achievement: A Case Study of Zhejiang Normal University

Antony Zakaria Fute

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 37-50
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i230309

With the rising number of international students in China, there has been a great need for assessment and evaluation of the acculturation processes as well as challenges in regard to their academic progresses. The cultural gap may not be big between China and other Asian countries. However, it really exists with Non-Asian ones. With the fact that culture determines comfort in one’s life, the following un-answered questions were worthy to be answered in this paper: How do international students acculturate in China? What are the social and academic impacts during the acculturation process? What are the academic effects of failing to acculturate, especially among international students in China? The data shows that, 34% of international students only connect with their own culture. Majority (51%) of those who acculturate successfully, take more than one year to do so. Among the behaviors which were described as bad ones, alcoholism is leading among others, which are adapted by international students in the process of trying to assimilate or acculturate. Positively, 48% of students admitted to have learned time management as part of acculturation process in China.

Despite the acculturation process being challenging to some students, scholarship has been one of the factors for them to stay. Scholarship students, especially from economically disadvantaged families choose to stay and achieved their academic goals through scholarship. Notwithstanding, their academic performances among students who fail to acculturate have been relatively low. Several measures such as introduction of intensive orientation programs as well as guidance and counseling office may enable international students understand each other’s culture.