Open Access Original Research Article

Digital Games and Co-Curricular Activities as the Influential Factors of Problem Solving Ability in Mathematics of Senior Secondary Students

Monika Verma, Vijay Jaiswal

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i130300

This study aims to investigate digital games and co-curricular activities as the influential factors of problem solving ability in mathematics of senior secondary students. 200 students of 12th class studying mathematics were selected in sample. For the selection of sample simple random sampling was used. Data was analyzed by two-way ANOVA. The study revealed that digital games and co-curricular activities had main significant effect on mathematics problem solving ability of senior secondary students. This also revealed that there was significant interaction effect of digital games and co-curricular activities on mathematics problem solving ability. Thus, students’ mathematical problem solving ability was positively influenced by digital games and co-curricular activities. Mathematics related digital games improved mathematics problem solving ability. Digital games and co-curricular activities can be useful to develop interest and participation of the students in solving mathematics problems. So, their inclusion with interest significantly improved the delivery of instructions in mathematics.

Open Access Original Research Article

Human Resource Management Practice and Teachers’ Job Satisfaction: The Case Study of East Wollega Zone Secondary Schools, Western Ethiopia

Fanta Wakwoya

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 9-19
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i130301

Introduction: Human resource management is the most important function in any organization; because it is related with the responsibility of using resources for the purpose of achieving the goals of the organization. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Human Resource Management Practice and Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in government Secondary Schools.

Methods: The research design for this study was correlation research. Both quantitative and qualitative research approach was used. Data was collected through questionnaire and interview. Respondents were selected using random sampling technique and a total of 155 respondents were participated. Also, five school principals were purposively selected and participated in the study. The data collected were organized, analyzed, tabulated and interpreted using simple percentages, means, standard deviation, analysis of variance and Pearson correlation.

Results: Major findings of the study are: majority of respondents reported poor teaching staff resource planning (M=2.14, SD=1.18), provision of training and development on various issues was inadequate (M=2.24, SD=1.32), performance appraisal practice was not based on clear and transparent procedures (M=2.05, SD=1.15), a good number of teachers were feeling moderate job satisfaction to the existing work environment (M=3.24, SD=1.35). Correlation analysis indicates significant positive interaction between human resource management and teachers job satisfaction  (r=0.55, p=0.00). 

Discussion: The importance of human resource management was not acknowledged and well understood by the educational leaders. Effective human resource management can improve workforce utilization in schools and it will potentially increase the job satisfaction of teachers. Performance appraisal and supervision activities were taken as the retinue activity in the schools under study .This may have impact on teachers' job satisfaction, self improvement and school goal achievement. Thus, school administration need to design strategic system that invites the school principals in the activities of human resource management.

Open Access Original Research Article

Advances in Social Media and Political Campaigns in Elections: An Assessment of the 2016 General Elections in Ghana

Harrison Kofi Belley

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 20-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i130302

Initially meant for social networking and interacting with acquaintances, the new media in the form of Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are now becoming crucial instruments in political communication. This is because social media has proven to be an effective format for political communication given its several features like photo sharing, status update, tags, post sharing, likes, live videos, video sharing amongst others. Furthermore, social media has democratised media access, and has afforded people who have previously been side-lined by traditional media an important platform for political mobilization. Most importantly, it has generated interest in politics among young people. The intersection between traditional media and other social media has augmented their efficiency by amplifying their reach. The study is an explorative one that adopted purposive sampling to select participants from the New Patriotic Party (NPP), National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the Progressive People’s Party (PPP). The findings revealed that although presidential candidates integrated social media into their campaign they are yet to exploit its full potential. However, social media by itself could not guarantee a candidate victory in the elections. Therefore, presidential candidates need to strike a balance between their campaigns on social media with the ground campaigns to ensure that they reach most of the electorate.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Early Child Care and Development Education on Cognitive, Psychomotor, and Affective Domains of Learning

Phub Dorji, Chencho Gyeltshen, Geeta D. Sanyasi, Phub Sithub, Tenzin Dema, . Yangzom, Yeshi Choden

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 29-38
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i130303

Aims: This study examined the impact of early child care and development (ECCD) education on psychomotor, affective and cognitive domains of learning in elementary school students.

Study Design:  This descriptive study employed qualitative and quantitative methods.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in five schools under Chukha Dzongkhag for a period of one year (2019-2020). 

Sample: This study involved a survey of teachers and observation of students in 5 schools of Chhukha district. Seventy three teachers were selected to fill out the questionnaire using homogenous sampling technique and 6 students were selected as participants for observation using simple random sampling technique.

Methodology: Quantitative data were gathered through questionnaires, and documents and artifacts while qualitative data were gathered through observation for this descriptive study. The data collected from questionnaire, document and artifact and observation were triangulated to facilitate validation of data through cross verification and strengthen the findings of the study.

Results: The results indicated positive impact of ECCD on elementary school students’ academic performance. In particular, the analysis revealed that ECCD education has the highest level of impact on students’ psychomotor performance, followed by affective and cognitive performance.

Conclusion: In view of these findings, the researchers recommend the ECCD education programme developers and instructors to look for a balanced curriculum that ensure equal development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains of learning.

Open Access Original Research Article

Managing the Incidence of Electoral Violence in Ghana’s Fourth Republic

Harrison Kofi Belley

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 39-46
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v12i130304

Since the inception of the fourth republic in 1992 [1], Ghana has gone through seven major successive general elections and has received numerous commendations all over the world. Incidentally, all these elections were associated with electoral violence. This study aimed at studying the causes, nature, and effects of electoral violence in the Volta Region of Ghana. The objective of the study included how electoral violence affects the credibility of the electoral system and what measures the Electoral Commission (EC) and the stakeholders in the conduct of elections have put in place to address the occurrence of electoral violence in the Volta Region in particular. The study identified two broad factors as responsible for the occurrence of electoral violence. The first factor is the process factor that serves as immediate cause of an eruption of electoral violence. The second is the external factors which, also serve as fertile grounds for electoral violence to occur. The study used qualitative research design in gathering data. The study used purposive sampling technique. In-depth interviews were conducted as the primary sources of data collection while secondary sources were gathered through existing documents, reports, textbooks, and internet search. The study recommended that EC should be professional in their electoral activities so that their actions would not serve as a spark of electoral violence.