Open Access Short Research Article

Effect of Using Conjectures and Story-telling in Mathematics Learning: A Phenomenological Study of Two Teachers' Teaching Styles

K. C. Lila Bahadur

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 9-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i430296

The purpose of this study was to describe the personal experience on the effect of story-telling and using conjecture in mathematics learning. This research was designed in hermeneutic phenomenological study. Accidental sampling procedure was used in this study since the researcher was as an external observer of B Ed students majoring mathematics. The researcher was innocent of pedagogical approach of student-teachers. Taking two student-teachers and their students of class eight as participants, their perceptions were noticed. Data were collected on the way of practice teaching external observation from two secondary schools of Butwal and Tilottama Municipality and analyzed with hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Research revealed that story telling is the way of humanizing mathematics, motivates students to the subject matter and the conjecture promotes students' cognitive faculties, logical thinking and develop the Heuristic capacity.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Tourism Market at Peripheral Areas in Badung, Bali

I. Made Adikampana

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i430295

Aims: This paper addressed the characteristics of the tourism market to provide consideration to the development of local community-based tourism products in peripheral areas in Badung, Bali, Indonesia.

Study Design:  Survey.

Place and Duration of Study: Pangsan Tourist Village. The study conducted between June and August 2019.

Methodology: Data collected by a visitor survey. The questionnaire employed a structured question to respondents at one time. The questions are related to the characteristics of the respondents. Respondents are tourists visiting peripheral areas and determined by purposive sampling. The number of respondents was 100 tourists. Then the collected data analyzed descriptively to interpret the appropriate market for tourism products of peripheral areas.

Results: Tourists in the peripheral areas in Badung dominated by foreign from Europe. More than 80% of tourists come from France, Holland, Germany, England, and Italy. These countries are the main markets. Apart, the source of the tourism market potentially arrives from Australia and China. On the demographic facet, the tourism market is dominated by adults. Jobs related are professionals, managerial, and civil servants who have a solid urban routine every day. In addition, most tourists have high education levels. These characteristics are coherent with tourism products in the peripheral areas. The results also represent that the market has an average night holiday is 20 nights. However, most of the leisure time spent visiting and staying in centers of tourism. These circumstances indicate the dominance of the tourism center and contribute to the lack of community participation in tourism development in the peripheral areas.

Conclusion: To promote participation it is important to maintain the suitability between the products and the tourism market. Another consideration is increasing the quality and diversification of attractions; partnerships between tourism actors in peripheral areas with tourism centers; and attracting local and domestic tourists.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effective Teaching and Evaluation of Mathematics by Secondary School Mathematics Teachers in the North West Region of Cameroon

Beyoh Dieudone Nkepah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 16-25
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i430297

The study set out to examined the extent to which secondary school mathematics teachers implement the principles of effective teaching and evaluation of mathematics as put forward by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics – NCTM; principles which when effectively implemented will enable learners to construct knowledge thereby doing away with mathematics phobia, and consequently performing better in mathematics. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was made up of 600 public and private secondary school mathematics teachers serving in the North West Region of Cameroon. Using the Taro Yamane’s formula, 240 mathematics teachers selected through simple random sampling, constituted the sample of the study. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. A questionnaire whose Cronbach alpha reliability was found to be 0.87 was used to collect relevant data. The data collected was analysed using mean to answer the research questions and t-test to test the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the level of implementation of the principles of effective teaching and evaluation of mathematics by secondary school mathematics teachers in the North West Region of Cameroon is significantly low. Furthermore, male and female mathematics teachers do not differ significantly in their implementation of the principles of effective teaching and evaluation of mathematics. It was recommended among other things that secondary school mathematics teachers should embrace the NCTM principles of effective teaching and evaluation of mathematics with finesse and incorporate them within their instructional programs and practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

Emotional Stability of Day Scholars and Boarders Adolescent Boys: A Study

Savita Sharma

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 26-31
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i430298

Emotions are found in all living beings of the earth and our most powerful force that influence actions. As emotional stability refers to the person's ability to remain stable and balanced, the life of adolescents a very much influenced by the emotions and instincts. The emotional changes during adolescence include anxiety, agitation, fear, anger, pleasure, love, envy, and competitions. The present study examines the difference between boarding and day scholars adolescent boys in terms of emotional stability and medium. The sample of the study consists of 24 boarders and 28- day scholars. A purposive sampling technique was used. The data was collected using an Emotional Stability Test for Children (ESTC). Statistical analysis was done using a t-test. The findings indicated a significant difference between boarding and day scholar adolescent boys concerning emotional stability and no significant difference was found in the emotional stability of adolescent boys concerning medium.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teacher Attrition: The Former Teachers’ Perspectives in the Bhutanese Context

Chencho Wangchuk, Jigme Dorji

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 32-41
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i430299

Aims: To examine why professional teachers leave teaching and what measures the stakeholders could adopt to retain them.

Study Design: A qualitative research design.

Place and Duration of Study: It was conducted in Bhutan, and it took one year.

Methodology: Data were collected from 15 former teachers through semi-structured interviews and written responses to open-ended questionnaires. Qualitative data were analyzed using directed content analysis technique.

Findings: Analyses of the data revealed four findings. They are human, social, structural, and psychological capitals. However, as structural and psychological capitals were either the cause or the result of human and social capitals, the findings were subsumed into human and social capitals.

Conclusions: This study examined reasons for teacher attrition from the perspective of former teachers. Based on the analyses of the data, two measures are suggested for teacher retention. These measures are renovating or building new physical structures and revamping leadership selection procedures.