Open Access Original Research Article

A Comparative Study on the Use of Social Media, Reading Habits and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students

P. T. Nnaji, V. N. Okpuzor, E. Morka

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i230284

Aim: A comparative study was conducted on how the use of social media affects the reading habit and academic performance of secondary school students.

Study Design: The study adopted the descriptive survey research design to help elicit data from the target population through questionnaire, observations and interview instruments.

Methodology: The questionnaires were randomly administered to both male and female students.

Results: Social media is a great digital platform for learning and obtaining current information. There are consequences attached to the proper use and misuse among adolescent students. More than 50% of social media operators in secondary schools are users of Facebook. 58 out of 75 students who scored “A” grade in their favourite subject operated social media. 67.23% of the total respondents who use the social media didn’t score an “A” grade in their favourite subject. Students who operated more than one social media network scarcely scored an “A” grade. Only 3.5% of students spent up to 4 hours of reading every day. 46.5% read for 2-3 hours and 36.5% read for an hour. 11.5% read for 30munites while 2% read for less than 30 minutes.

Conclusion: Students should be properly guided and given an adequate orientation before providing them with electronic devices like smart phones. Teachers should be encouraged to join large student groups. Off-topics and non-academic discussions should be curtailed.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Relationship between Personality Traits and Achievement Motivation of Students of Tertiary Institutions in Plateau State, Nigeria

U. Esther Ude, O. Oyedoyin Akintunde

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 8-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i230285

This study examined the relationship between personality traits and achievement motivation of students in tertiary institution in Plateau state. The study adopted the cross-sectional research survey design in its investigation of the variables. Primary source of data was generated through structured, self- administered questionnaire using the big five inventory which comprises of 44-items and achievement motivation inventory which comprises of 32 items. A sample of 333 respondents was drawn from a population of 2000 second year (200 levels) students in the Faculty of Education in five tertiary institutions in Plateau State.  Reliability of the instrument was achieved by the use of the Cronbach Alpha coefficient with all the items scoring coefficients above 0.70. Data generated were analyzed and presented using both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The hypotheses were tested using the Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The tests were carried out at a 95% confidence interval and a 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between personality traits and achievement motivation of students in tertiary institution in Plateau state. The study thus recommends that teachers should guide students to identify their personality traits and encouraged them to strive to develop their traits in order to be successful in their pursuit.

Open Access Original Research Article

Students’ Perception on E-Learning in Punakha Dzongkhag in Bhutan

Ugyen Wangmo, Meg Raj Nesor, Sonam Choki, Lotey Om, Karma Dorji, Nima Dema, Ngawang Sonam, Dorji Wangchuk, Namgyal Tshering

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 18-24
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i230286

This study aims to determine students' perspectives on E-Learning and also to explore other contributing factors that affect student learning outcomes. This research uses quantitative methods. This research was conducted in Punakha Dzongkhag (district) in Bhutan in 2020. The research subjects were secondary school students consisting of 165 students with 57 boys and 108 girls who were selected as random samples. The technique of collecting data uses telephone interviews, online Google forms and direct survey questionnaires. The findings reveal that students consider E-learning to be useful and interactive, if it is supported by teachers and parents. However, some students (82%) reported that E-learning would help them achieve individual learning goals if lessons were taught in individual classes rather than multigrade classes. It can be concluded that E-learning is useful and interactive, some students feel that being a first timer and without experience using E-learning media, it hinders the achievement of individual learning goals. Therefore, it is suggested that E-learning be applied further in everyday classroom learning as mixed learning.

Open Access Original Research Article

Demographic Characteristics and Social Anxiety among Tertiary Institution Students in Osun State, Nigeria

Michael Adeniyi Omoyemiju, Sehinde Akintomide Oluwatosin

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 25-33
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i230287

Aims: This study aimed to determine the level of social anxiety across demographic characteristics of tertiary students in Osun State, Nigeria.

Design: The study employed a survey design method.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in the Department of Educational Foundations and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, between August 2019 and February 2020.

Methodology: A sample of 1600 tertiary institution students (690 male, 910 female; age range 15-38 years) was selected using proportionate stratified sampling technique from four (two public and two private) institutions. Data were collected with the use of Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale.

Results: Of 1600 students sampled, 0.5% had no symptom of social anxiety while 10.3%, 76.4%, and 12.8% exhibited mild, moderate and severe levels of social anxiety. In addition, there was a significant predictive contribution of demographic factors on students’ social anxiety (R = 0.186, P = 0.000).

Conclusion: The study concluded that social anxiety among tertiary institution students was high. Hence, necessary policies to reduce its degree is required from education policy makers while counselling psychologists and mental health experts are also required to develop effective treatment programmes  to mitigate its effects on students.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of COVID-19 on the Institutional Education System and its Associated Students in Bangladesh

Efta Khairul Haque Emon, Ashrafur Rahman Alif, M. Shahanul Islam

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 34-46
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i230288

Aim: The effect of the current COVID-19 pandemic on the education system of Bangladesh and its possible solution is the focus of the present study.

Design: The study employed a descriptive survey research design.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted through all the districts of Bangladesh from 8 March (2020) to 30 July (2020) accordingly.

Methodology:  Descriptive survey with the interactive interview via online in the pandemic area and offline field works for collecting data in possible places were the main structural design of this research.

Results: The COVID-19 has affected worldwide education sectors by shutting down many institutes and temporarily pushing the majority of students out of school. Most countries have temporarily closed their educational institutions to control the COVID-19 pandemic. In Bangladesh, near 40 million students are now out of school, until the epidemic returns to normal. Besides this universal disruption, out-school learning deprivation varies depending on the socio-economic status of the mass population, their access to technology, parental capabilities, and so on. Most countries are using online or satellite television platforms to deliver education during the pandemic, which is not enough to meet the contrasting levels. Although, developed countries (first and second world) are making good strides with online teaching while struggles are seen in rest (third-world countries). This article highlights how COVID-19 is affecting the education sector and students in Bangladesh. Undoubtedly, the most immediate impact of the Covid-19 on students of Bangladesh is abruptions in learning opportunities with multiple other aspects. Despite earnest government attempts, COVID-19 is adversely affecting students in Bangladesh for several significant reasons.

Conclusion: Collective responses and analysis revealed that not technologies but also technicalities are needed to run the education system smoothly besides this pandemic situation accordingly.