Open Access Opinion Article

Leisure Agriculture in the Era of Alternative Tourism

Tsai-Fa(TF) Yen, Jianlin Xiong, Yu-Ming Yan

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 28-38
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i330269

The concept of alternative tourism mainly focuses on reducing the impacts to the tourism development on the ecological environment and driving the tourism industry into the direction of the sustainable development through different types of tourism mode (activities), such as agricultural tourism, rural tourism, industry tourism, and cultural tourism, etc. However, fewer studies discuss the feasibility of leisure agriculture as a possible tool of alternative tourism. The objectives of this study is to verify the advantages of alternative tourism and to assess the feasibility of leisure agriculture as a possible tool of alternative tourism based on literature review. Findings show that the development of leisure agriculture will have positive and negative impacts on the rural environment, economy and social culture. In general, the positive benefits outweigh the negative ones. Therefore, leisure agriculture is one of the feasible tools to achieve the purpose of developing alternative tourism, and the development of leisure agriculture is indeed one of the feasible alternatives to tourism.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Associated with Child Labor and Students’ Educational Participation: A Case Study of Public Elementary Schools of Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia

Metasebia Lemma Syoum, Mary Thuo, Solomon Kebede Menza

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i330266

Aim: The study assessed factors associated with child labor and students’ education participation in public elementary schools of Wolaita Zone.

Design: The study employed a descriptive survey research design.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in four divisions and one administrative town in Wolaita zone from November 2018 to April 2019.

Methodology:  Data were obtained from 150 household heads purposively selected to respond to a household survey. Additionally, eight focus group discussions were held with 84, 3rd and 4th grade teachers. Data were analyzed using both descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and Multiple linear regression using SPSS software version 20.0.

Results: Findings revealed that child-labor is still common in Wolaita Zone. Results indicated that over three quarters of the sampled households engage their children in paid or unpaid work. The correlation analysis revealed that younger household heads and those with better education, higher income and formal employment were less likely to let their children engage in child labor. The regression analysis found that education participation of 3rd and 4th graders increased with the number of children attending school per household, and on the perception of the household head regarding household needs. The decision to send a child to school or not were also based on; households’ economic standing, health care needs, employment opportunities, and being an orphan or having divorced/separated parents.

Conclusion: The study concluded that policies that protect children’s rights and those that increase participation in school should be enforced within the study area. As a policy recommendation, community involvement in protection of children welfare is required to support the long-run investment in human capital development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing Students’ Well-being in Primary Health Care Setting as a Clinical Learning Environment

Enas Gouda, Salah Eldin Kassab, Rabab Abdel Raoof Abed, Somaya Hosney

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 14-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i330268

Introduction: Well-being in learning environment requires a culture that actively helps students to achieve their own potential. It requires a learning environment (LE) that supports physical, social and spiritual development. It has been shown that medical students experience high levels of stress that can hinder their performance, professionalism, and overall health.

With respect to primary health care (PHC), some studies have shown the relative advantage of PHC centers to provide opportunities for “hands on” practice by pre-clinical students, availability of general practitioners (GPs) to supervise students, and with respect to the scope of PHC, which includes, beside patient care, community health education. Unfortunately, some aspects of the training process in clinical learning environment (CLE) have unfavorable effect on students’ well-being. Medical students face personal distress with negative effect on academic achievement, competency, professionalism, and health.

We aimed to measure students wellbeing during their training in primary health care units.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross sectional study to assess well-being of undergraduate students in primary health care (PHC) centers affiliated to the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University (FOM-SCU). In addition, to test psychometric prosperities of The MED-NORD (Medical Education in Nordic Countries) questionnaire through exploratory factor analysis (EFA). A comprehensive (purposive) Sample was taken from year 1, 2, and 3.

Results: Testing the psychometric prosperities of MED-NORD questionnaire revealed that the questionnaire contained 7 factors and 41 items. The seven factors are: Conceptions of learning and knowledge, Approaches to learning, Perceptions of the learning environment, Problems in studying, Optimism, Reflective learning, and Lack of interest. There were adequate correlations between the factors.

Conclusion: The study concluded that the students positively perceived their well-being. Furthermore, Students preferred collaborative knowledge building in learning. However, they use surface approach in their learning more than deep approach. This study also concluded good reliability and construct validity of MED-NORD questionnaire.

Open Access Original Research Article

COVID-19 Pandemic: Assessing the Effectiveness of Educational Technology Applications on Improvement of Tutor-student Relationships in Ghanaian Colleges of Education

Emmanuel Nkansah, Frank Ayiku, Yaw Ackaah Mensah, Collins Fordjour Nkrumah, Atteh Evans

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 39-49
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i330270

Aim: The study sought to investigate the level of effectiveness of Educational technology applications on improvement of the relationship between college of education tutors and students’ communication and interactivity, seeking and sharing information in learning during this CODVID 19 pandemic era in Ghana.

Study Design: This study used descriptive cross-sectional survey research design.

Methodology: The main instrument used for the study was questionnaire. The sample size for the study comprised of college of education students. In this study, purposive sampling and stratified sampling techniques were used to select 370 students (made up of level 100 and level 200 students) of which 210 were males and 160 were females.

Results: The respondents agreed that there is high level of effectiveness of the relationship between college of education tutors and students’ through the use of Educational technology applications in the respect of communication and interactivity, seeking and sharing information in learning.

Conclusion: From the study it can be concluded that there is high level of effectiveness of using Educational technology applications on improvement of the relationship between tutors and students with respect to communication and interactive learning, seeking and sharing information in this corona virus pandemic era.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Study of Factors Affecting Grade X Students’ Learning Outcomes in History Education

Tandin .

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 50-64
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i330271

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting the learning of grade ten students’ history. The study sample consisted of 165 students and 18 teachers from four secondary schools under Paro Dzongkhag. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analysed. Questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale was used for the quantitative data collection and focus group interviews were used for the qualitative data collection. Quantitative data analysis was done using mean scores and standard deviation. The content of the focus group interviews was transcribed and thematic analysis was conducted on the transcript. The results of the study revealed that the learning of history in grade ten students were affected most by the school related factors such as curriculum, teachers, teaching techniques and resources. Non-school factors like students’ attitude, and parental support had very less effect in learning history by grade ten students.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Influence of Floor Type of Multi-Family Residential on the Transaction Price and the Estimation of Utility Ratio among Floors

Ho-Wen Yang, Hsien-Chi Hsieh

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 65-77
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i330278

In Taiwan’s multi-family residential, there are some problems in the previous research on the utility ratio among floors, including the failure to consider the difference in total number of floors, the excessive research scope and the residential price without deducting the parking space price. This research hopes to improve the problems of previous research, select 1,172 data of multi-family residential with total number of floors of 12, 15 and 22, and use the hedonic price model to establish the utility ratio among floors of residential buildings, and then compare the difference between absolute floors and relative floors on the transaction price. The empirical results found that in the comparative analysis of absolute floors and relative floors, the variable of relative floors is significant, showing that the residential price is significantly different with different total number of floors, and the total number of floors is higher that the residential price is higher; the importance of absolute floors on the residential price isn’t high. In the model of utility ratio among floors of different total number of floors, the utility curves are distributed in zigzag pattern. Taking floor 4 as the base floor, the floor price difference is higher on floor 1 and near the top floors, and the floor price difference of other floors is not significant.