Open Access Original Research Article

"Dimitrie Gusti" National Village Museum - Short Philatelic History Review

Bogdan-Vasile Cioruța, Alexandru Leonard Pop, Mirela Coman

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i130256

We all have a special connection with the village museum (in this case “Dimitrie Gusti” National Village Museum), our origin as a people being intimately linked to the life of the village. Traveling through the villages, it is easy to notice that most of the settlements have their old wooden church and houses, created by the local craftsmen. But few are accessible to the general public to visit, study, or learn about the history behind village life. Each church and house has its history and story inlaid in wood. Through this paper, we intend to review some philatelic aspects regarding the Romanian cultural heritage, respectively the wooden houses from the “Dimitrie Gusti” National Village Museum. Following the analyzes carried out based on the data from the consulted literature, as well as following other observations made about the sites with philatelic content, we concluded that there is an important and special series, at the same time, of philatelic issues that support the idea of cultural tourism. Such tourism can bring many benefits to the Romanian people, who also is firmly in the culture of the village, traditional architecture, handicrafts, and traditions as old as time itself.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Antibiotics amongst University Graduates in Bhutan: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Tshokey Tshokey, Deepika Adhikari, Thinley Jamtsho, Kinley Wangdi

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 35-45
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i130259

Introduction: Concerns about antibiotic resistances is increasing. Antibiotic misuses mostly result from inadequate knowledge impacting attitudes and practices. The literature on this subject is limited in Bhutan.  It is of immense importance to understand the gap and target interventions. Therefore, we assessed the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on antibiotics amongst Bhutanese university graduates in 2016.

Methods: The survey was conducted through a self-administered online questionnaire after seeking consent. The questionnaire was developed by the investigators using past literature.  

Results: Of the 2,229 invited graduates, only 220 (≈10%), 52.3% (115) males, completed the survey. Internet was the commonest source of information on antibiotics. Only 51% (113) showed good knowledge with a mean score of 15.5 (range 2-30). Penicillin, amoxicillin and cotrimoxazole were correctly identified as antibiotics by 63.6%, 78.7% and 21.4% but 11.4%, 35% and 31.8% misidentified atenolol, paracetamol and ibuprofen as antibiotics respectively. Side effects of antibiotics were poorly recognized. Fifty-four percent (119) showed good attitude score. About 39% (85), 35% (76) and 46% (101) misconceived that antibiotics would be required for common cold, all fevers and all small clean-cut wounds respectively. Almost 91% knew that antibiotic courses should be completed, 12% thought that antibiotics can be stopped when patients improve and 31.8% repeated antibiotics for similar illnesses. Although 76% knew that antibiotics shouldn’t be bought without a prescription, 28% were able to get them. About 44.1% revealed that the dispensing pharmacists did not explain adequately about antibiotics. Unfortunately, 43.6% suggested others to take antibiotics during illnesses and 60% used topical antibiotics.

Conclusion: KAP on antibiotics amongst Bhutanese graduates was unsatisfactory except few good specific practices. Health authorities should educate public on antibiotics and other medicines.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teachers’ Difficulty in Teaching Classes VII and VIII Sciences in Bhutanese Schools: A Case Study in Gasa, Punakha and Wangdue Phodrang Districts

Norbu Wangdi, Karma Utha

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 46-53
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i130260

This study aimed at finding out the teachers’ difficulty in teaching classes VII and VIII science. The research methodology used in this study is convergent parallel mixed method. A total of 107 Classes IX and X students and 12 science teachers from two higher secondary schools and a middle secondary school were included for the study. Data collection instruments used were survey questionnaires and focus group interview. Survey questionnaire data is analyzed using SPSS, while the recorded interview data is analyzed based on themes. The findings of this study revealed that teachers are facing difficulty in teaching classes VII and VIII science as they are not able to teach contents of science that are not their area of specialization. Therefore, study recommends Ministry of Education, Bhutan to work towards developing bifurcated science: Physics, Chemistry and Biology for Classes VII and VIII.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study of Sophomore Dilemma Based on Students’ Engagement

Yu Xiao

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 54-60
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i130261

Aim: This study investigates the Sophomore Dilemma about students’ engagement.

Study Design: This research was designed using a combination of quantitative and qualitative approach.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in 2018 from October to December, in Shanghai China.

Methodology: Subjects were 176 students in F university. Data collection techniques using questionnaire and interview. Data analysis using stata14.

Results: There is a significant difference of grade in students’ learning engagement. Sophomores are less engaged in learning than those from other grades. They feel anxious, depressed, compelled and lonely, because of the contrast between reality and ideal, difficulty in keeping up with courses and loss of aim. The challenges of second-year students include academic life, individual expectations, social relationships, and extracurricular activities. We can establish or institutionalize efforts for sophomores from different aspects.

Conclusion: The study concludes that there is a sophomore dilemma during college in terms of students' learning engagement.

Open Access Review Article

Employability Skills Needed in Hospitality Industry: A Scopious Review

Ran Singh Dhaliwal, Pankaj Misra

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 18-34
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v10i130258

Aim: The purposes of the study were to explain the concept of employability, define employability skills in the context of the hospitality industry, Identify the various employability skills needed in the hospitality industry and to examine the most important employability skills needed by the recruiters’ from various studies conducted in the field of the hospitality industry.

Methodology: In this study, only such studies were incorporated which were conducted in the field of the hospitality industry across the globe and empirical in nature. The published papers were selected from the duration between 1983 to 2018, which were related to the skills needed by the hospitality industry.

Results: The most commonly needed skills by the hospitality industry were: leadership, communication, problem-solving, interpersonal, oral and written communication, personality development, teamwork, positive attitude, customer service, professional and ethical standards, personnel management, professionalism or professional attitude, hard and soft skills, time management, decision-making and information technology.

Conclusion: The study conducted from the industry perspective; hence the academic institutions while designing curricula, create such academic ambiance where the skills reported by the study can be inculcated among their students through theoretical as well as practical knowledge, and develop them by developing employability skills and attributes required globally. The study also conferred about moderate and least reported skills also must be focused by the institutions. The study was confined to the most preferred employability skills by the hospitality industry and in the future, the studies may be carried from the other stakeholders i.e. students and academic view point’s.