Open Access Opinion Article

University Social Responsibility and Community Relations

H. Lamas Rojas, V. Lamas Lara, D. Gómez Meza

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 47-58
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i430255

The responsibility of universities does not only consist on training responsible citizens, contributing to the economic, social and cultural development of our societies, or generating new knowledge through research and transmit it appropriately. Even being part of the content of its responsibility, each one of these actions must keep in mind the horizon of reference to which it must respond: a context of inequality, inequity, conflict and exclusion; It is also part of their responsibility to develop a clear transformative orientation towards the areas of social and economic vulnerability that is present in our societies. We develop one of its main models: Learning-service, as it is a methodology that allows students to learn better through integration of educational content with solidarity actions carried out in the community, facing a real need in society.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Influence of Teaching Practice Assessment on the Effectiveness of Geography Teaching in English Speaking Secondary Schools in Anglophone Cameroon

Ambei Moses Chu, Kibinkiri Eric Len

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i430251

It is noted that the quality of the educational system of any given country depends largely on the quality of teacher education. For this quality to be realized, it is important to constantly monitor the stages (theoretical, teaching practice, research project) of teacher education. This study intended to investigate the influence of Teaching Practice Assessment on the Effectiveness of Geography Teaching in English Speaking Secondary Schools in Anglophone Cameroon. It was carried out within the Menchum and Fako Divisions of the North West and South West regions of Cameroon respectively. This research had as population size, some 1444 geography teachers and all their students drawn from all government secondary schools within these two regions. Teachers’ sample (60 Teachers) population was obtained through the use of purposive sampling method and that of students (300 students) was obtained through the use of simple random sampling. Respondents were expected to fill in closed ended questionnaire items. Data collected were reported using frequency tables and proportions while Logistic Regression Model was used to predict the effect level of influence of teaching practice on geography teachers’ teaching effectiveness. This effectiveness was assessed based on the assessment of teaching practice. It was realized that this predictive factor considered alone had a predictive effect of 26.8% on teaching effectiveness though not significant enough. Based on the outcome of this findings, it can be said that this variable considered alone cannot bring about geography teaching effectiveness. Based on this finding, it was recommended that more emphasis during teacher training should be laid on subject matter mastery by student-teachers. Also, some form of financial incentives should be given to student-teachers. Finally, a thorough screening exercise should be done in the selection of supervisors and cooperating teachers to ensure that only the most qualified are assigned to guide and supervise student-teachers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Gender, Political Participation and Representation: The Nigeria Story

Nwanesi Peter Karubi, Komathi Wasudawan

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 17-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i430252

Aims: This article aims to examines women's political participation and representation in Nigeria. The study employed the 2019s Nigeria general election data with an emphasis on the number of men and women candidates for various seats and posts.

Study Design: The study implemented quantitative and qualitative research approach.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was held in Nigeria between February and March 2019 within the duration of the General Elections (GE).

Methodology: Data dwelled more on the secondary data from the Nigeria Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) such as Final List of Senatorial Candidates, Final List of Governorship Candidates, Final List of Presidential Candidates, Final List of State House of Assembly Candidates, and Final List of Candidates for House of Representatives followed by interviews.

Results: The findings indicate that even though women in Nigeria are politically active, they are not considered equal to their men counterparts - a product of patriarchal inclination. Certainly, Nigerian society still subscribes to the senseless connotation of: ‘women’, what do they know? A common phrase employed even in an ordinary family conversation. Besides, women participants lack financial backup and social support for political positions.

Conclusion: Women’s low proportion of political representation at the highest levels of politics is a persistent issue in gender stratification in Africa, but paramount in Nigeria. Despite advances in women’s educational level and economic participation, the findings in this study have shown that women in Nigeria have little or no significant progress with respect to political representation in the country’s political sphere.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Effects of Peer Conflict Resolution Skills Training on Children’s Psychosocial Development

Roland Nji Angu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 29-37
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i430253

This research work was aimed at investigating the effects of peer conflict resolution skills training on the psychosocial development of children. Specifically, the author sought to provide answer to one research question which was: What is the role of play as a peer conflict resolution tool? The theoretical underpinning of this study was Morton Deutsch’s theory of cooperation and competition. The study was also informed by Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories on play. A pretest posttest quasi-experimental design was adopted whereby 36 male and female children between 6 to 10 years old were randomly selected for the study. These children were all in class five of secondary school. Eighteen of the selected samples were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other eighteen to the control group. The children in the experimental group were trained on peer conflict resolution skills for a month (8 sessions in total, 2 days a week, approximately 30 minutes a day) while the children in the control group did not benefit from any such training. A five point Likert scale questionnaire was the main instrument for data collection. An observation check list was also employed to measure children’s post training conflict resolution skills. Data were analyzed using the t-test where the mean scores of both the experimental and control groups were compared, as well as a comparison of the mean scores for the pre and post-tests scores. Results indicate that children who took part in the training learnt how to use play to negotiate their differences. They also learnt how to use humor to manage anger. Recommendations were made to parents and teachers to use instances of children’s disagreements as opportunity to teach them of appropriate peer conflict resolution skills rather than just dispelling such emerging differences/disagreements as bad.

Open Access Original Research Article

Financial Intermediation and Growth of the Nigerian Economy: An Insurance Sector Perspective, 1986 - 2018

Makwe Stella Ivo, Anyanwaokoro Mike, Ijeoma Uchenna Camenus

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 38-46
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i430254

The purpose of this study was to investigate the financial intermediation and growth linkage in the Nigerian Economy with focus on the Insurance sector covering the period 1981 to 2018. Annual time series from Central Bank Statistical Bulletin was employed following an ex-post facto research design and using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL) for empirical analyses. It was found that insurance premium and insurance claims significantly affected the growth rate of the economy. It is therefore recommended that the intermediation roles of the financial system should be encouraged and due attention given to the hitherto neglected insurance sector to allow for all-inclusive growth.