Open Access Opinion Article

Leisure Agriculture in the Era of Targeted Poverty Alleviation

Tsai-Fa(TF) Yen

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i330246

China is the second economy of the world while the poverty is a still troubled problem. Fighting poverty within three years was officially issued by the communist party of China in China. The objective of this study is to clarify the relationship between relevant policies and theories. Based on literature review, the problems of targeted poverty alleviation, the benefits of developing leisure agriculture in poor rural areas, and the challenge of developing leisure agriculture in poor rural areas will be displayed. Findings show that the low utilization rate of funds, the mechanism for supporting cadres in villages needs to be improved, and farmers have low enthusiasm to participate in targeted poverty alleviation are the problems for targeted poverty alleviation. Moreover, the improvement of road and traffic, the improvement of villagers' houses, the improvement of public facilities, the opportunities for training and learning, the preservation of local culture, and the increase revenue streams are the benefits of developing leisure agriculture in poor rural areas. Finally, the diversified needs of leisure agriculture, the homogeneous supply of leisure agriculture, and the impacts of the environment and ecology, social and culture are some challenges for developing leisure agriculture in poor rural areas.

Open Access Policy Article

Optimising Post-Colonial Bilingual Education in Cameroon’s Primary and Secondary Schools: A Critic on School Practice

Yaro Loveline

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 39-53
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i330250

The post-colonial period was a turning point in Cameroon’s educational system. Since Independence and Reunification in 1960-61, the various governments of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, the United Republic of Cameroon and the Republic of Cameroon have been committed to the development of Education. Significant resources have been invested in this course geared towards improved education quality in both sub-sectors of Primary and Secondary Education. The Ministries of Primary and Secondary Education continue to be amongst the top ministries to receive the highest allocation from the state budget with 19.7% in 2010 and 16.3% in 2011 (Cameroon, 2015). However, there still exist challenges to quality education in Cameroon that the government has continued to address through, formation of commission, committees, and taskforces that have influenced curriculum policy formulation and implementation. In this respect, the formulation of education policy of bilingualism to use in the teaching and learning in Cameroon schools has been one of the main concerns of education in Cameroon. There is therefore need to asses and monitor progress of how this has guided teaching and learning in schools. How this policy has evolved overtime and especially how it is serving the purpose for which it was formulated. Using the Historical approach this study provides an opportunity to critically examine the efforts made in Cameroon in implementing the policy of bilingualism formulated for teaching in primary and secondary schools after independence and reunification. It sheds light in the meaning of bilingualism in the context of school application and broadens discussions on challenges faced by stakeholders in the implementation process. Furthermore, as the country, looks towards the achievement of the millennium development goals and education for sustainable development, the study provides recommendations to optimize bilingualism in Schools in Cameroon.

Open Access Original Research Article

Changing Trends of Social Interaction during the Pandemic and Its Effects on Mental Health – A Student’s Perspective

Lakshmi Kowdley Hemanth

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 7-14
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i330247

Our survey explores the changing trends in social interaction and its effects on mental health amongst GCSE and A-level students during lockdown as it is the crucial years of education, shaping their future. This survey was carried out using Google forms. Results have been auto analysed with anonymity. A clear demonstration of anxiety, fear of failure, lack of motivation and loneliness has been noted. Emphasis on the importance of face-to-face interaction and the usage of digital platforms has been evident. Incorporation of mental health professionals in the educational system is vital in moving forward.

Open Access Original Research Article

Discourse Analysis of Verbal Nominalization in Business English Correspondence

Xiaorui Huang, Junchen Liu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 15-25
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i330248

Verbal nominalization is recognized as a typical discourse in business English correspondence. This study aims to analyze characteristics of verbal nominalization in the corpus of business English correspondence. The results show that the verbal nominalization is usually realized by symbolic suffixes and singular suffix and the suffixation with the significant frequencies in business English correspondence, which is positively contributed to the remarkable discourse features of business English correspondence.

Open Access Original Research Article

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in the Teaching and Learning of Chemistry in Secondary Schools in a Council Area of Imo State, Nigeria

Appolinus I. C. Ehirim, Paschal I. Iwuchukwu, Blessing E. Okenyi

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 26-38
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v9i330249

The study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of chemistry at the senior secondary schools in Owerri Municipal Council Area of Imo state. 1948 chemistry students in senior secondary (SS) two classes and 32 chemistry teachers at the ten government-owned secondary schools formed the population of the study. A simple random sampling technique was used to select five schools, and 20% was used to obtain the sample size of 168 chemistry students; but all the 32 chemistry teachers were used since it is a manageable size. Three research questions were posed. The research was a descriptive survey design; checklists and questionnaire were used to elicit relevant data for the study. Mean rating was used for the analysis of the data obtained. The findings showed that many instructional materials were available, but they are not adequately utilized. Chemistry teachers do not appropriately improvise instructional materials (when not available) in the teaching and learning of chemistry. Based on the findings, it was recommended that adequate instructional materials for the teaching of chemistry at the senior secondary schools in Owerri Municipal Council should be provided by the various stakeholders in education; the use of instructional materials by teachers should be made compulsory in the teaching and learning of all topics in chemistry at our senior secondary schools, and this must be enforced through periodical monitoring by the school authority. Teachers should improvise where instructional materials are not available. Government should provide funds to motivate teachers as regards improvisation and should organize seminars, workshops, and conferences for chemistry teachers on how to improvise and make effective use of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of chemistry.