Open Access Original Research Article

Public Workers’ Perception towards Contributory Pension Scheme: Evidence from Lagos State, Nigeria

J. C. Unachukwu, A. Oladeji, Adesola, O. Egunjobi, Grace

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 8-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i430232

This study examines the perception of public workers towards contributory pension scheme with specific reference to Lagos State, Nigeria. The descriptive research design was adopted, while the simple random sampling technique was employed to select 398 respondents as the sample size for the study. Data analysis was performed with the aid of mean and chi-square. The result reveals that perception of workers towards contributory pension scheme encourages workers to save towards future, is convenient for them in the event of changing jobs, their benefits at retirement will not be affected in the event their employer becomes insolvent, it empowers contributor to choose who administers his/her retirement benefits account and provides the opportunity of enjoying some modicum of pension on retirement. Furthermore, the result reveals that non-remittance of pension contribution into retirement saving account and non-compliance of the pension reform as amended by the government at all levels, are the major challenges facing the successful implementation of the scheme. The study concludes that the contributory pension scheme looks bleak for the sustainability in Nigeria. Therefore, government at all levels should do the needful to ensure the full implementation of the scheme.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Role of Financial Inclusion in Women Entrepreneurs in Small and Medium Enterprises: Evidence from South Western Nigeria

Oyebamiji, Funmilola Florence

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 16-23
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i430233

The study examines the role of financial inclusion in women entrepreneurs in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) with particular reference to southwestern Nigeria.  Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 120 respondents from Lagos, Abeokuta, Ibadan, Osogbo, Akure and Ado-Ekiti.  A structured questionnaire designed for the study was used to collect data. Data analysis was performed with helps of mean, frequency, and simple percentages. The result shows that contribution, cooperative society, family and friends, and non- governmental organizations are the main sources of finance of women entrepreneurs in SMEs, while only a few financial products being offered by financial institutions are known to women entrepreneurs in SMEs. Therefore, the study recommends that women entrepreneurs in SMEs should be sensitized about the availability of financial products/services being offered by financial institutions, relaxing the conditions attached to loans, reduction of interest rate, and bring internet banking closer to the people especially women entrepreneurs in rural areas.

Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Waste Management among Primary School Children

Sulistyawati Sulistyawati, Tri Wahyuni Sukesi, Surahma Asti Mulasari, Fatwa Tentama, Sitti Nur Djannah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 24-30
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i430234

Introduction: Waste is becoming a problem until recently in many countries. Globally, the amount of wastes has increased with the growing population and the level of consumerism in society. One investment in the future to control waste production is by providing the value of waste treatment from an early age of children. The purpose of this study was to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding waste management among primary school children.

Study Design: Pre-experimental, with a one-shot case study design, was used in this study.

Methodology: Forty children in primary school, aged between 11 and-12 years, were sampled in this study. The intervention was delivered through an oral presentation and play video followed by a survey using tested questionnaires contained knowledge, attitude and practice towards waste management questions.

Results: More than 70% of respondents answered with a satisfying score in all questions. However, respondents had less than 70% in knowledge about waste type. Most of the respondents said there was no waste treatment facility in their schools. Respondents disliked the enactment of punishment for those who did not imbibe the spirit of waste disposal effectively and efficiently.

Conclusion: Our result implies respondent knowledge about waste management is sufficient, but it is essential to push them to practice the knowledge in their daily life.

Open Access Review Article

New Aspects of Leisure Agriculture within Smart Tourism Era

Tsai-Fa (TF) Yen

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i430231

With the development of China's economy, tourism has become an essential necessity of ordinary people's lives, and rural tourism has also been receiving more and more attention from all quarters. The development of leisure agriculture is a market need, a development need of the times, and human civilization, as well as the inevitable trend of development. Therefore, this study aims at providing some recommendations based on literature reviewed previous studies related to smart tourism and leisure agriculture. Findings report that the prospects of technology for farm manager, the technicalization for facilities and equipment, and the immediate response should be concerned by the owners of the farm and managers of farm business of leisure agriculture within smart tourism era.

Open Access Review Article

Pedagogic Lapses in Problem-solving Model and the Professional Development of Secondary School Philosophy Teachers in Yaoundé VI Municipality

Kibinkiri Eric Len, Yaya Bati Faison

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 31-43
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i430235

The professional development of teachers most especially Philosophy teachers has been a major concern of the Government of Cameroon. The ministry of secondary education has experimented several approaches and methods such as the New Pedagogic Approach and the Competence Based Approach. However, the Problem-Solving Model (PSM) could have an influence on the professional development of secondary school philosophy teachers. On this premise, this study sought to find out how the Problem-Solving Model influences the professional development of secondary school philosophy teachers in Yaounde VI Municipality. The investigation was anchored on authors like J. Dewey, E. Kant, C. S. Pierce and K. Nkrumah on their constructivist and pragmatic views. The qualitative approach with the aid of a semi-structured interview and semi- structured observation were employed. A total of ten teachers were selected to participate in this study using the non-probability sampling technique from two secondary schools; G.B.H.S. Etoug-Ebe and G.B.H.S. Mendong in the Yaounde VI municipality. Data was analyzed descriptively using tables, graphs and thematic content analysis. The results revealed that PSM influenced the professional development of secondary school philosophy teachers except for some few elements like stating the problem, contextualizing and rephrasing the problem, recalling the problem and contextualizing the solution that need to be relooked into because teacher practices do not conform to Dewey’s pragmatic model. The results of this study led to the proposed pragmatic triadic model to guide teacher practices.