Open Access Original Research Article

Strengthening Healthcare Service Delivery through Communities of Practice among Orthopedic Nurses in Federal Hospitals in Kano State, Nigeria

S. U. Ahmad, K. D. Abbas

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330223

Background: This study investigates use of community of practice as a strategy for strengthening healthcare service delivery among orthopedic nurses working at some selected federal hospitals.

Aims: The specific objectives of the study targeted to investigate the level of awareness of Orthopedic Nurses about community of practice for knowledge sharing in Federal hospitals in Kano metropolis; and to determine the type of knowledge shared through Community of Practice by Orthopedic Nurses in the hospitals; as well as to find out how Community of Practice could improve healthcare delivery through knowledge sharing among Orthopedic Nurses in the Hospitals.

Place of Study: The study was conducted at National Orthopedic Hospital, Dala-Kano, Nigeria and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria from July 2018 to January, 2019.

Methodology: The study adopted quantitative research approach with a self-developed questionnaire that was validated using both content and face validity. A sample size of 134 from a population of 217 was drawn with response rate of 99.3%. The study hypotheses were tested using Chi Square and ANOVA tests using SPSS version 20.0.

Results: The study found that the level of awareness about community of practice was high. The findings show that tacit and explicit types of Knowledge were generated and shared through community of practice. 

Conclusion: The study concludes that there is significant relationship between awareness and use of community of practice for knowledge sharing among orthopedic nurses in the hospitals under study. Similarly, the study concludes that the relationship between community of practice and knowledge sharing is reflected in job performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teacher Motivation: Does It Matter to Primary School Teachers in Their Practice?

Louis Jinot Belle, Khulputeea Savitree Horil

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 16-26
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330224

Motivation is a fundamental concept of professionalism and efficacy for teachers. The present study investigated the motivational factors that affect the performance of primary school teachers in Mauritius. Governments have in the past come up with major educational reforms, but many shortcomings of the education system have influenced teacher motivation. The empirical data was analysed by using mixed methods with a semi-structured questionnaire and interviews from practising teachers to allow the researcher to draw valid conclusions. The purposive and convenient sampling was used for the case study research design. The findings indicated that the motivation of teachers was influenced by several aspects of their job. Teachers were not motivated due to excessive parental involvement, a lack of discipline of pupils inside and outside the classroom, unwilling learners and poor working conditions. However, most of them were more intrinsically than extrinsically motivated. It was also found that the Ministry of Education had a significant influence on their motivation, especially in the context of the Nine Year Continuous Basic Education reform. The researcher recommended that teaching materials and further teacher training should be provided to teachers and the management staff should be trained in using effective leadership and management of schools.

Open Access Original Research Article

Is Plagiarism a Crime or Just a Condemnable Inspiration Method in the Digital World?!

Bogdan Cioruța, Mirela Coman

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 27-37
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330227

The phenomenon of plagiarism in Romania, as well as in other countries, has become a mass one, thanks to the excessive use of www, characterized by the means of transmission and circulation of information. In this order of ideas, we could say that the most affected areas are academic and creative ones. To express our knowledge about plagiarism in a slightly more original form, in the present paper, we correlate the few aspects related to plagiarism that we could notice in some artistic manifestation, such as aphorisms, thoughts, epigrams, speeches and interventions, with the presence of the phenomenon of plagiarism in the context of new information technologies. We included passages from the types of writing mentioned above, to capture and emphasize the phenomenon of plagiarism beyond its well-known connotation. Out of the approximately 18-20 creations used, only 2-3 come to affirm an acceptance attitude and to embrace the plagiarist. The vast majority of the creations consulted condemn plagiarism and, by themselves (especially aphorisms), makes funny jokes when it comes to plagiarism. As it was expected, in the end, we concluded that although there is a side in each of us that would accept the temptation of plagiarism and would gladly embrace the ephemeral benefits associated with the phenomenon, there is also a side that makes us aware that what we do not like not to do to others.

Open Access Original Research Article

Antenatal and Postnatal Care Practices among Indigenous People in Bangladesh: A Case Study in Dinajpur

Sumaia Aktar, U. K. Majumder, Md. Salauddin Khan

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 38-56
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330228

Antenatal (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC) contact have long been considered a critical component of the continuum of care for a pregnant mother along with the newborn child. The study aims to determine the influential factors related to the practice of antenatal and postnatal care amongst indigenous mothers of newborns and identifier associated with the ANC and PNC contacts for women in indigenous communities. This study was carried out purposefully selected six upazilas of Dinajpur district where most of the indigenous people live and respondents were 223 married women having at least one under-five children. Results found that the respondents had very poor knowledge about their maternal status and literacy. During the pregnancy period, 39.5% and 6.7% mothers had one and two-time miscarriage respectively. Only 43.9% indigenous pregnant mothers appointed to the health center during pregnancy, 27.8% appointed within three months, 13% went at the last stages of pregnancy and 10.3% felt no need to go there. In 69.1% cases delivery occurred at home by inexpert birth attendance. About 10.3% of deliveries, the placenta was removed manually during delivery. About 33% mothers and their husbands (34%) were found illiterate. The likelihood of mothers who received either antenatal care or postnatal care depended on husband’s education level. It was significantly lower for illiterate (OR=0. 247, 95% CI = 0.063-0.969) husband’s compared to a secondary and above level of educated husbands. Distant health service center (More than 2 km from home) was the lower chances (OR=0. 384, 95% CI = 0.152-0.970) for mothers being access to health care service centers compared to low distant centers (≤ 2 km from home). Also, the age of the mother (30+) was another factor that influenced the mothers for taking the service from hospitals or health centers during pregnancy. This study concludes that about one-third of the respondents of the community has access to health care services, which can be one of the most important factors in their poor health. Counseling and proper education can influence people to take antenatal care and visits to the health center to take postnatal care service further.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Performance of Online Teaching for Flipped Classroom Based on COVID-19 Aspect

Tsai-Fa (TF) Yen

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 57-64
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330229

Many universities adapted online teaching as their strategies based on the consideration of COVID-19. The objective of this study aimed at verifying the procedures and effects of flipped classroom for online teaching. Qualitative method was employed and data was collected by students’ class summary after they have finished the online teaching course of Tourist Psychology at department of tourism management, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering. Findings reported that flipped classroom for online teaching is executable. Furthermore, before-class activities, in-class activities, and after-class activities could promote learning performance. Moreover, sense of humor for teacher and the atmosphere within the class were found to have the positive benefits to the flipped classroom for online teaching. Finally, universities should make some policies to teachers to encourage their adaption of flipped classroom is suggested.