Open Access Original Research Article

Creativity in Relation to Academic and Clinical Performance of Dentistry Students

Timothy Chifamba, Christian Wijaya

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i130209

Aims: This study sought to identify the level of creativity of dentistry students, to determine if there is a relationship between creativity and academic performance of dentistry students, and to determine if there is a relationship between creativity and clinical performance of dentistry students.

Study Design:  Descriptive-Correlation Cross-sectional Study.

Place and Duration of Study: Adventist University of the Philippines College of Dentistry, between May 2015 and April 2016.

Methodology: Questionnaires were used to measure the level of creativity of Dentistry students from the Adventist University of the Philippines then correlations were done with academic and clinical performance. Participation was voluntary and we included 50 of the 63 students enrolled int the clinical phase of the dentistry program.

Results: There was no significant relationship found at the 0.05 level (2-tailed) between both Big C and small C creativity and academic performance of all clinicians with pearson correlation coefficients of -0.053 and -0.003 respectively. There was no significant relationship found at the 0.05 level (2-tailed) between the Big C and the small C creativity and clinical performance of all clinicians, with Pearson correlation coefficients of -0.192 and -0.042 respectively.

Conclusion: The findings reveal that the creativity of dentistry students is below average. They also suggest that both Big C and small C creativity are not significantly relatedto academic or clinical success in dental school. The researchers recommend further study with modified methodology.

Open Access Original Research Article

Students’ Perception towards Mathematics and Its Effects on Academic Performance

John Ekow Hagan, Solomon Amoaddai, Vincentia Terkwor Lawer, Evans Atteh

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 8-14
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i130210

Aim: The research sought to find out the perception of students towards Mathematics and how it affects their academic attainment in a Ghanaian context.

Study Design: Descriptive survey design was used for the study.

Methodology: The main instrument used for the study was questionnaire. The sample size for the study comprised of students selected from the three SHSs in Kumasi metropolis using purposive sampling approach. The sample size for the students consisted of 297 students selected by stratified sampling of which 180 were males and 117 were females.

Results: The students have positive perception towards mathematics though they see it to be difficult in a sense that it is important as it is used in their daily lives. The relationship between perception and students Mathematics performance in the study was very weak and negatively related.

Conclusion: From the study it can be concluded that students’ perception towards mathematics has no influence or effect on their academic performance in Ghanaian senior high schools. It is recommended that students’ positive perception towards Mathematics must be sustained and improved by teachers and headmasters.

Open Access Original Research Article

Role of Social Media in Shaping Local Youth Tourists' Behaviour Across the Sri Lankan Tourism Industry

H. Shamini

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 15-22
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i130211

The integration of social networking and new technologies has changed the way of communication and information sharing among the people, especially of young people is a fact. As well as, the development of Social Media (SM) has conveyed important changes in the behavioural pattern of tourists. Therefore, it is very essential to understand this new influential trending among the youth tourists, in order to accelerate the tourists’ arrival and contribute to the development of Sri Lanka tourism. Therefore, this research aims at providing an insight to the Tourism Industry in Sri Lanka with regards to how social media platforms influence youth tourists’ behavior. A sample of 103 youth tourists’ response attained through online. The data obtained from the online survey were analyzed with descriptive, reliability test, mean and regression analysis.

Results from the survey have identified that Social Media does influence in the youth tourists’ behaviour.  In detail, eWOM and Online reviews/comments significantly influence in the behavior of youth tourists.  And also the study confirmed that in order to attract tourists to a destination mainly revolves in the ability to convey the information to create positive images in the mind of youth tourists via social media. Thereby this study has recommended many suggestions for the Tourism and authorities. Including tourist authority should make its social media pages more interesting, appealing, informative and interactive so the customers can enjoy their social media experiences and they could spread eWOM and online reviews. And also they need to focus on how to create a positive and satisfactory image to their social media users in many other ways.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Perception of School Heads and Teachers on Challenges of Effective Management of Public-Boarding Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria

Ige Akindele Matthew

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 23-33
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i130212

The study investigated the perception of school heads and teachers on challenges of effective management of public-boarding schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. It involved the use of the 23 public-boarding schools in the State. All the 23 schools were used while 6 government appointed and full-time teachers (3 males and 3 females) were selected from each school, which totaled 138 teachers. The teachers were selected through stratified and simple random sampling techniques. 2 research questions were raised and 2 hypotheses formulated while descriptive-survey design was adopted. Data were gathered using a self-developed 13-item questionnaire, validated and tested for reliability (r= 0.90) and analysed using frequency count, tables, percentage, mean, as well as Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) while the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistic. The study found inadequate food, high cost of food items, indiscipline of pupils/students, theft of boarding materials, invasion of school by hoodlums, lack of/inadequate provision of security guards, erratic power supply, among others, as the challenges facing effective management of public-boarding schools in the state. Also, no significant difference was found in the perception of male and female school heads, school heads and teachers, on the challenges of effective management of boarding schools. Based on the challenges found, it can be concluded that all is not well with public-boarding schools in the State. The need for administrators of boarding schools to make the environment very conducive for pupils/students and for government to formulate policies which will address the challenges of effective management of boarding schools, among others, are recommended.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Associated with Abuse and Neglect of the Elderly Peoples of Chitmahal Areas in Bangladesh

Md. Rabiul Awal, U. K. Majumder, Md. Mozahidul Haque

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 34-50
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i130213

The present study applied different statistical tools to determine abused and neglected status among elderly people of the Chitmahal areas of Bangladesh. Also investigated the factors that associated with abuse and neglected status. The present study is conducted at the former Chitmahal areas which are situated at four districts namely Lalmonirhat, Nilphamari, Kurigram and Panchagar in Northern Bangladesh. Among the total 141 Chitmahal areas, 36 Chitmahal areas are randomly selected for the study area and finally 270 elder families are included for this research purpose. Information about socio-demographic, economic, health status, abuse and neglected related characteristics of the respondents and their family members was collected by using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Elder abuse and neglect is the widespread issue in the world. This study found that most of the elder people (71.5%) of Chitmahal areas were neglected and abused in any form. Separately they were abused by psychologically (50.4%), financially (60.4), treatment related neglect (40%) and physically (1.5%). Most of them were neglected by their family members which mostly happened in the families with low monthly income and expenditure. The factors like age of elder people, educational level, previous and present occupation of respondents, ownership of house, monthly family income and expenditure, people’s participation in social occasion are the common significant factors for different types of abuse and neglected status of the aging peoples of Chitmahal areas in Bangladesh. The overall findings found a close relationship of abused and neglected status of the elderly peoples with their socio-economic, educational background and family economic condition. This information needs to be properly utilized in developing suitable social and motivational programs for elder families in the Chitmahal areas and countrywide by NGO’s and Government initiatives.