Open Access Original Research Article

Secondary School Teachers, Their Views and Roles in Grassroots Soccer as an Intervention Anti-HIV/AIDS Propagation Tool

Mavondo, Greanious Alfred, Mzingwnane, Mayibongwe Louise, Chaibva, Cynthia Nompumelelo, Gwatiringa, Coletta, Mapfumo, Cladinos, Mantula, Fennie

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 16-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i230192

Introduction: The GRSZ projects were aimed at bridging the gap between adolescents’ unwanted social behaviours and societal norms and values fashioned by the breakdown of family and society cultural practices, as a measure to militate against the spread of HIV/AIDS amongst adolescents, adolescent unwanted pregnancy and gender-based violence using soccer as a medium of learning. The program deliberately circumvented involvement of Secondary School Teacher during planning and implementation hoping to have a clean intervention strategy without the encumbrances and confounders possibly introduced by the societal authority figure. However, a for continuity and adaptation of the program into the school curriculum as a behaviour change catalyst, the Secondary School Teacher is pivotal. The evaluation sought to delineate the views and roles of this cadre as determinants and guidelines towards the successful translating of GRSZ experimental work into the real-life school environment.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted by trained and qualified interviewers who formed the team of evaluators at various selected school during the teacher’s working hours. A pre-prepared interview guide constructed and reviewed by the panel of evaluators as well as the Medical Research Council of Zimbabwe was used to conduct the guided interview. The researchers brought the interview guides to selected schools where appointments had been made prior by the Key Researcher. The interviews were held on the same day other surveys at the school. A total of 11 (five females and six males) Secondary Schools Teachers with more had in-depth interviews carried out after which saturation was reached.

Results: The majority of adolescents (62.2%) reported the teacher as their source of information on HIV and reproductive health and the mother followed a close second at 57.7% reflecting possibly contact hours as the factor. Teachers corroborated this information showing high eagerness to be involved in the GRSZ at the earliest given opportunity. Both males and females did agree that they were the closest role models and gave varied reasons as to why their influences were not adequate in shaping the life skills of adolescents under their watch. It was clear that teacher embraced and endorsed the GRSZ program expansion and their involvement in future cohorts.

Conclusion and Recommendations: Teachers had high anticipation of involvement and showed dismay at not having been involved in the initial phases of the program where their contributions were most likely to have had a high impact through their possible engagement with the community to cement the gains of the program. They recommended that lifelong learning on HIV/AIDS prevention, unwanted pregnancies and gender-based violence need to be incorporated into all areas of learning at school and beyond. Expanding the program to other schools in Zimbabwe beyond Bulawayo was seen as an overdue process.

Open Access Original Research Article

Attitude of Postgraduate Students towards Plagiarism in University of Port Harcourt

G. W. Orluwene, A. E. Magnus-Arewa

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 28-38
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i230193

Plagiarism remains a threat to scientific integrity and development of knowledge. This study examined postgraduate students’ attitude towards plagiarism at the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Three research questions and corresponding hypotheses guided the study.  The descriptive research design was used for the study with a sample size of 200 postgraduate students was drawn using the purposive non-random sampling technique, from a population size of 1762 postgraduate students of the University of Port Harcourt. A questionnaire titled "Attitude of Post- Graduate Students towards Plagiarism Questionnaire" (APSPQ) was used as an instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by experts and the reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach alpha, Data was analyzed using mean, standard deviation, independent t-test and Two-way ANOVA at 0.05 level of significances. Findings revealed that most postgraduate students of the University of Port Harcourt had a positive attitude towards plagiarism, the male postgraduate student had a negative attitude towards plagiarism while the Master students had negative attitude towards plagiarism. Part of the recommendations was that the University of Port Harcourt from time to time should organize orientation programmes for all postgraduate students based on the concept as well as implications for plagiarism.

Open Access Original Research Article

Are Civil Servants Involved in Their Work? An Investigation of Emotional Intelligence and Gender

Chinenye S. Anazor, Chiamaka O. Joe-Akunne, Collins I. Nnaebue

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 39-45
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i230194

The study examined emotional intelligence and gender as predictors of job involvement among civil servants in Anambra State. A total of 267 participants comprising of 140 males and 127 females aged 25-58 years with the mean age of 40.14 years and a standard deviation of 8.05 were used in the study. Two sets of instrument were used for the study: self-rated emotional intelligence questionnaire (SREIS) and job involvement scale (JIS). Two hypotheses were tested in the study, the first hypothesis which stated that emotional intelligence will significantly predict employee job involvement was accepted at r = (0.143) at p < 0.05. The second hypothesis which stated that gender will significantly predict job involvement among civil servants was also accepted at r (-.279) at p < 0.05. This means that males and females differed significantly, hence being a male or female determines how involved a worker will be in his or her job among civil servants in Awka, Anambra State. The study recommends that employers should consider employees who have high emotional intelligence to ensure effectiveness.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perception of Teachers on School-Based Factors Influencing Absenteeism of Students in Public Secondary Schools in Central Senatorial District of Ondo State, Nigeria

Ige Akindele Matthew

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 46-55
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i230195

The study investigated the perception of teachers on school-based factors influencing absenteeism of students in Public Secondary Schools in Central Senatorial District of Ondo State, Nigeria. It adopted descriptive-survey design, raised 3 questions and formulated 2 hypotheses to achieve this feat. Data were collected from 150 government appointed and full time teachers, drawn from 15 Public Secondary Schools in the District. Instrument used was a questionnaire, validated and tested for reliability (α=0.82). Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences while hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistic at 0.05 level of significance. The study found among others that a lot of school-based factors influenced absenteeism in schools, such as unattractive school environment, lack of recreational facilities; discouraging school curriculum; as well as recommend measures, such as the provision of instructional materials and facilities for schools; the need for private sector assistance in the provision of instructional materials and facilities; seeking assistance from wealthy individuals, corporate organizations, Old Students, Non-Governmental Organizations, by school administrators, among others, to combat this menace in schools.

Open Access Review Article

A Review on Political Participation

Deb Proshad Halder, Sharon Campbell-Phillips

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i230191

This conceptual paper tends to abridge all the theories on political participation in voting system as well as contributing to the government. Political participation is a mandatory choice needs to be analyzed as it is a choice that the state had imposed on its citizens though it centres round very significant factors. Political participation is a necessary ingredient of every political system. By involving many in the matters of the state, political participation fosters stability and order by reinforcing the legitimacy of political authority. This review article defines the political participation, participants, the necessity of participation, the social, political, economic as well as psychological state of affairs that influence citizens to participate. It also highlights the apathy behind not participating and the types and causes of political participation. Thus the paper tries to present a thorough picture of the issues behind the process of political participation.