Open Access Opinion Article

Poverty is Habitual and Genetic

Abdullah Al Zabir

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 33-36
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i130190

The aim of the article is to prove the statement that Poverty is Habitual and Genetic. For this, several families were observed over years to fulfill the objectives. Habitual facts of the respondents were observed to understand the relationship with poverty. Daily habits which were repeating by the respondents were considered. Poverty and genetic relationship were observed. Why and how do they become poor by the influence of previous generations were explained. Finally it was concluded that Poverty is habitual and genetic.

Open Access Original Research Article

Use of Visual Arts in Facilitating the Speaking Skills of Students

Aida Duropan

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i130185

Aims: This study examined visual arts activities as means of enhancing speaking abilities of students. It also explored how the participants find the use of visual arts activities as strategy; how visual arts activities in English class were conducted; and what suggestions the participants can offer to improve the conduct of visual arts activities.

Study Design: This study used the qualitative method particularly the phenomenological approach.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Davao del Sur State College, Digos City. It was conducted during the first semester of 2019-2020.

Methodology: The 20 participants were purposively chosen. They were grouped into four focus groups. Interview guide-questionnaire based on the research questions was the main instrument used in obtaining the information.

Results: The use of visual arts in English language class was interesting and effective. The student-participants found the strategy interesting because they were able to express their ideas by looking at the images. They were able to formulate sentences instantly. Importantly, giving clear instructions on what to do and allocating appropriate time to gather their thoughts; learners were able to formulate ideas and confidently share their answers to the class. The learners suggested that speaking activities through visual arts strategy may be improved if language teachers use colorful arts; consideration of time to think; regular conduct of the strategy; allow brainstorm with other students before they are asked to speak; and everyone should be allotted time to speak. The suggestions imply that the students favor and willing the use of visual art in their speaking activities.

Conclusion: The appreciation of students on the use visual arts in enhancing their speaking abilities is a clear manifestation that visual arts is an effective tool in encouraging students to speak. The reason why students appreciated visual art is the motivation it provides. The visual effect of art to the students ignites and challenges them to formulate words. Thus, the use of visual art activities transform the students from uninterested to interested, from passive to active, from blunt to critical thinker. On the other hand, clear instructions to the students allow them to carry out the task according to the expected output. Moreover, time is a key element for learners to formulate well-thought answers. Hence, teachers may give provisions for time. Likewise, students clamor that visual arts should be colorful so that they could appreciate the art. However, they may not be relevant because the visual meaning does not depend on color. Interestingly, the results of study lead the English teachers to think of possible actions so that the conduct of speaking classes using visual arts may be improved. Authentic visuals arts which depict historical significance may be utilized. It may not only let the learners appreciate history but also develop cultural attitudes. Teachers may also provide and explain a speaking rubrics before the students do the task. This makes the learners informed and allows them to strategize. Lastly, teachers may also consider thematizing the visual arts so that learners become more interested and engaged.

Open Access Original Research Article

Public School Teachers’ Attitude towards Action Research in Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro

Mary Yole Apple Declaro-Ruedas, Emmanuel G. Ruedas

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 11-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i130187

This descriptive research study was conducted to determine the self-efficacy of the public school teachers in conducting action research; their attitude towards action research and identify the possible factors that hindered teachers from doing action research & their influence level. The study was conducted in the different public schools in Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro from May to July 2016. The public school teachers from the Department of Education-Magsaysay District were purposively selected as the respondents of the study. The study adopted and modified the Attitudes toward Research (ATR) scale and self-efficacy test to suit the needs of the research objectives. Descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency and percentage were used to describe and quantify the variables. The result shows that the public school teachers in Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro have an "average" level of research self-efficacy. They tend to hold "positive" attitudes toward research. The "very high" influential factors that hindered teachers from doing action research were work over-load which leaves little time or no time for conducting research, lack of practical training/experience in how to do action research and lack of research centres and research specialist in school or division.

Open Access Original Research Article

Waste Management in Cosmopolitan West African Cities: Towards the Need for Environmental Education of Populations

Massouhoudou Gbadamassi, Soulé Akinhola Adéchian, Mohamed Nasser Baco, Rigobert Cocou Tossou

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 17-25
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i130188

The majority of cosmopolitan cities are affected by the environmental problems inherent in the phenomenon of urbanization, which have a negative impact on people's lives. This article analyzed actors' perceptions on strategies for managing the environmental problems facing cosmopolitan West African cities through the case study of Parakou in Benin. The exploratory qualitative approach based on group and individual interviews was used. The data collected relate to the environmental problems of the city, the reasons for the persistence of the problems, and the strategies to be implemented for a better management of these problems. Qualitative speech analysis and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. It emerged that household waste (solid and liquid) is the main environmental problem of the city. The persistence of these problems is explained by the incivility characterized by ignorance, irresponsibility and indifference of the population. The population supports that awareness raising and education in environmental management is a core solution to prevent and avoid the environmental problems of big cities. But how to ensure this environmental education of the population for an efficiency management of the environmental problems of cities?

Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge and Attitudes towards Healthcare Information Technology of the Rural Health Workers in SAMARICA, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines

Rommel C. Sanqui, Mary Yole Apple Declaro-Ruedas

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 26-32
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v7i130189

The descriptive research aims to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of the healthcare providers, the health workers’ knowledge of and attitudes towards computer applications and the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of the healthcare providers and their knowledge of and attitudes towards computer applications.

The study was conducted in the Rural Health Units of San Jose, Magsaysay, Rizal & Calintaan, Occidental Mindoro from March 2017 to June 2018. The 51 health workers were purposively selected as respondents of the study. Survey and interview were used to gather the data needed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson Moment Correlation were used to analyse the gathered data.

Results shows the healthcare providers are female, young, college graduate, and have long work experience in the maternal and newborn care section and had assisted the rural health doctor during consultations. The healthcare providers have “high” level of knowledge on computer and its applications and had expressed “positive” attitudes towards the use of computers in their work.

Further, only age has a significant relationship with the healthcare providers’ knowledge of and attitude towards computer applications.