Open Access Original Research Article

Impacts of Supervisor Support on Turnover Intentions: Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction

Shuja Iqbal, Tian Hongyun, Shamim Akhtar, Usama Ahmad, Fred Nyarko Ankomah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i330174

Skilled employees plays a key role in any organization’s success. Loosing talented employees negatively impacts the functioning of the organizations. In the fierce competition age human resource managers strive for retaining the employees for longer duration to maximize their potentials. This study focuses on finding the direct path effects of supervisor support and job satisfaction on employee turnover intentions; and indirect path effect of job satisfaction between the relationship of supervisor support and turnover intention. The study implied the quantitative approach using a questionnaire data collection method. 200 questionnaires were distributed mostly among the manufacturing firms’ employees following simple random sampling technique. 173 validated responses were further analyzed in Smart-PLS through multiple tests and PLS structured equation modeling technique. The findings revealed positive and significant relationships among the direct path relationships of supervisor support and turnover intention, supervisor support and job satisfaction and job satisfaction and turnover intention. Moreover, indirect path relationship of job satisfaction between the relationship of supervisor support and turnover intention was also positive and significant. This study has substantial implications for manufacturing firms to develop supervisor support strategies to enhance employee retention by reducing turnover.

Open Access Original Research Article

Compilation of Humor Scale for Applied Undergraduates in Fuzhou

Shan Lin, Chien-Jen Hung, Tsai-Fa (TF) Yen

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 10-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i330175

The objective of this study aims at developing measure scale of sense of humor (SOH). The initial measure items were collected by reverent literature review of previous studies. Data was collected by questionnaire survey from an applied college and a total of 350 valid samples were received with a responded rate of 83%. The results of structure equation modeling (SEM) showed that the adequately reliability and validity of the scale could be met. Furthermore, five factors named humor creation, humor applied, humor attitude, humor collection, and humor copy were extracted from twenty measure items. Finally some suggestions were drawn to the college.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Correlation between In-service Training and Academic Achievement of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Kenya

Joseph O. Mukolwe, Okwara O. Michael, Ajowi O. Jack

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 17-24
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i330176

In-service teacher education has been used as a tool for capacity building world over and in Kenya. Despite the perceived importance of continuing in-service training for teachers in updating their professional knowledge, its provision was inadequate in Kenya. It is within this context that this study examined the extent to which the in-service training was being provided and how it predicted the academic achievement of pupils in Kenya with specific reference to Teso North sub-county. This research adopted a descriptive survey research design of ex-post-facto type. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 272 respondents (55 deputy headteachers and 217 teachers). Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Structured questionnaire and document analysis were instruments of data collection. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviations and inferential statistics of Chi-Square, independent T-Test and linear regression. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that the extent of the provision of in-service training in the sub-county was low. The hypothesis testing through the Chi-Square indicated that there was a significant relationship between the provision of in-service training and academic achievement of pupils (x2=200.14, p = 0.0000). Linear regression analysis revealed that the influence of in-service training on academic achievement was significant (R = 0.898, p < 0.05). Therefore, the study recommends that the Ministry of Education should formulate in-service training policy for the teachers and the training should be structured and closely aligned with the acquisition of skills and knowledge gaps.

Open Access Original Research Article

Exploring Undergraduate Students’ Views on Factors Influencing Academic Performance in Construction Related Disciplines in Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria

Innocent Chigozie Osuizugbo, Bridget Oghomwen Simon-Eigbe, Ajibola Abiodun Okunrinboye

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 25-37
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i330177

Aims: There is usually dissimilarity in achievement as a result of several factors that influence the academic performance of students in universities. Therefore, this study aims to explore and investigate problem factors affecting the academic performance of undergraduate students in construction related disciplines in Bells University of Technology Ota, with a view to providing understanding on the major problem factors affecting their academic performance.

Study Design:  Survey research design.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Building Technology, Bells University of Technology Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria, between May 2019 and January 2020.

Methodology: The research employed a survey method with questionnaires distributed to undergraduate students in construction related disciplines in Bells University of Technology Ota. Data collected were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, rank and Kendall’s coefficient of concordance test.

Results: Out of 172 questionnaires administered, 105 were sufficiently filled and returned, representing 61% of response rate. The results show that maturity, study strategies, interest in course, fear and stress and training and teaching style are the top five factors affecting academic performance of undergraduate students in construction related disciplines in Bells University of Technology Ota, Nigeria. Secondly, using SPSS (23), Kendall’s (Wa) value was found to be 0.036 at 0.000 significance level, therefore the study concluded that, there is statistically significant degree of agreement between different departments of the participants concerning their responses to factors that affect academic performance in construction related disciplines in Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria.

Conclusion: The study recommends that skipping of classes by students during early education should be discouraged so as to allow students attain maturity level for higher education. Secondly, universities should organize fear and stress management seminars and workshops for undergraduate students in addition to guidance and counseling sessions with a view to addressing psychological issues that may hinder their academic performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Necessity of School Effectiveness and the Ways to Reach

Suleyman Goksoy

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 38-53
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i330178

This study aimed to determine the factors that positively and negatively affected school effectiveness based on educators’ opinions and it employed case study method which is a qualitative research technique. Semi-structured interview form was utilized to identify educators’ perceptions regarding educational institutions’ effectiveness to seek the answers to the following questions: What are the teacher behaviors that positively and negatively reflect on school effectiveness? What are the administrator behaviors that positively and negatively reflect on school effectiveness? What are the characteristics of instruction programs that positively and negatively reflect on school effectiveness?  What are the characteristics of the school culture and climate that positively and negatively reflect on school effectiveness? What are the student behaviors and the characteristics of the teaching-learning process that positively and negatively reflect on school effectiveness? How does the school environment affect school effectiveness and what are the parental behaviors that reflect on school effectiveness? Data were analyzed with the help of descriptive analysis method. Purposeful sampling method was used to determine the study group which was composed of nine educators attending the Master’s  Program in Duzce University, Faculty of Education, Educational Administration, Supervision, Planning and Economics Department and at the same time working in various teaching posts. The following results were obtained: Teacher, administrator, instructional programs, school culture and climate, students, teaching-learning process, school environment and parent behaviors that were examined in the framework of school effectiveness had both positive and negative aspects. In order to increase the effectiveness, negative aspects should be eliminated.