Open Access Commentary

The Social Self of Child Refugee through Cinema: A Sociological – Educational Approach

Evaggelia Kalerante, Calliope Tsantali

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 48-55
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i230173

This paper is concerned with contemporary cinema films about refugees in an attempt to highlight their social self through redefined identities. The refugee issue is a crucial one to the global community. Political structures are tested by population mobility, while the democratic system is also challenged. The interpretation of discourse determinant to refugee social self is supported through studying cinema films. Focus is placed on screenplay, image and expression of feelings by the actors.

Five films portraying child refugees’ life trajectories are utilized to highlight the reconstruction of their social selves, while struggling for survival and violently being introduced to early adulthood. Cultural issues are correlated with social meanings and interpretative discourse patterns based on the way they are illustrated in the films. The film itself becomes discourse expressing the reality through correlating meanings constructed within the social, political and cultural setting. The unfolding of films, as interpretative patterns, includes knowledge that is the meanings of everyday life conducive to shaping emotions, attitudes and behaviours. The combination between the film narrative and social web forms the basis on which the political discourse pattern is approached, while the meaning emanates from the co-articulated domineering and conflicting discourses.

Following the massive population transfer to Europe, due to wars, domestic conflicts, political reversals and climate change, this time period forms the breeding ground to study refugee-related film theoretical discourse. This analysis will contribute to self-reflection through studying the hidden aspects of refugee life. Everyday refugee-related political discourses highlight the effects on the economic system and political structures, while the dimension of the citizen – refugee is concealed. Thus, the refugee, as individual and social subject, is invisible, excluded and marginalized. Films on refugees are conducive to increasing the different ways of viewing their lives in modern societies. At the same time, the education system is challenged to integrate child refugees through meaningful educational practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

In or Out: Examining the Drivers of School Dropout among Basic School Pupils in the Wa Municipality, Ghana

Andrews Perprem, Gordon Yenglier Yiridomoh

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i230169

The study examined school dropout among pupils in the Wa Municipality, Ghana. The study adopted a cross-sectional study design to ascertain the pattern and the factors accounting for school dropout among pupils at the basic level. The study population consisted of all pupils in the basic schools within the municipality. Using a quantitative approach, 121 pupils were selected for the study using multi process sampling procedure. Questionnaires were used to generate the information from the pupils. Descriptive statistics (simple percentages and frequency tables) and logistics regression  model was employed to determine the factors accounting for school dropout using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) as the data analytical tool. The study discovered that the factors responsible for pupils’ school dropout were multi-facets to include environmental and non-environmental schools factors. The study also revealed that school dropout was very prevalent among girls, over aged pupils, pupils with single parent and pupils whose parents or caregivers are farmers or traders. The study recommends a comprehensive and integrated educational policy including parliamentary enactments for the education sector so as to improve and sustain enrolment and retention.

Open Access Original Research Article

Policymaking with Sen and Ambedkar - Case of Right to Education in India

Mamta Viswanath

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 16-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i230170

Sen and Ambedkar represent different times in history, but they essentially want to tackle the same problems of political economy. On one hand, Ambedkar asserted that a social and economic reform must precede political reform in British India struggling to throw the yoke of colonial rule, on the other hand, in modern India, Sen enunciates how capacity building and capabilities approach to policy making can go a long way in strengthening democracy. As concerted policies in education have failed to deliver owing to the feudal mindset and incremental planning, it is time we look at issues of social justice, especially education, objectively. This paper examines the possible ways in which the thoughts and theories of these stalwarts can shape better public policies. To this end, a comparative study of themes like justice and democracy will be undertaken. Lastly, the paper analyses whether the Right to Education in India is a just policy when looked through the discerning eyes of Sen and Ambedkar.

Open Access Original Research Article

Experiences of Agency Social Work Supervisors in Gaborone

Kaone Mokgadi, Kgosietsile Maripe

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 28-40
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i230171

Agency social work supervisors contribute to the learning experience of students during field practicum, but little is known about the knowledge these supervisors have on the expectations of the social work practicum, the challenges they face in supervising students and how they can be supported to provide effective and efficient supervision. A study to identify the supervisory gaps, problems, and inadequacies in social work fieldwork practicum was conducted in Gaborone to complement the body of knowledge. This qualitative study triangulated the exploratory, explanatory and descriptive research designs to appreciate the supervisors’ experience. The researcher interviewed 20 agency based supervisors in the health settings, Social and Community Development Departments and Non-Governmental Organizations. Huberman and Miles (1994) framework was used to analyze data following the purposive non-probability sampling technique to get data from the respondents. It was established that some agency supervisors lacked supervisory skills and were ineffective to engage diversity in practice. Moreover, they were unable to deliver according to the Department of Social Work (UB) expectations. It was further discovered that there are three other challenges agency supervisors encountered, which are; lack of social work student passion to learn, negative attitude/behavior of students, and short duration of fieldwork. It was recommended that there is need to train agency supervisors to upgrade supervisory skills to maximize the benefits for social work students. The key terms are; supervision, agency, fieldwork, and social work.

Open Access Original Research Article

Why did Medical Graduates Appreciate Mentored Student Project? Perspectives of Two Theories

Soe Moe, Mila Nu Nu Htay, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Sudipta Pal, Adinegara Bin Lutfi Abas

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 41-47
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i230172

Background: Medical doctors have to develop in professionalism in addition to become competent in clinical skills. Therefore, educators in Melaka Manipal Medical College have inculcated personal and professional development (PPD) projects into medical curriculums. The projects were in the form of Role Plays/Narratives/Creative writing and Mentored Student Project (MSP). Short terms outcomes of the projects were evaluated, and the research disclosed the positive effect of all PPDs on medical students. However, the long-term effect was yet to be evaluated. The findings of the previous study have not explained why those PPD projects are successful. While twenty fresh medical graduates were asked to reflect on one best learning experience as a qualitative evaluation of the programme, students’ appreciation of MSP disclosed. This study aimed to explore the students’ reflection to identify the reasons for their appreciation of MSP and the long-term effect of it.

Study Design: Qualitative research.

Methodology: Three reflective writings by fresh graduates were analyzed using the interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) approach. Students expressed their conscious perceptions about MSP in the form of words in their reflections. The researcher carefully read the reflections and interpret the words and phrases to catch the students’ perception of MSP.

Results: The qualitative analysis revealed the reasons for participating in MSP and their appreciation about MSP. The main reason for students’ participation in MSP was to fulfill the requirement of the medical programme although one student mentioned that she was interested in MSP due to the nature of MSP. Four themes were formulated as reasons for their appreciation of MSP: (1) having an opportunity to choose their research topic, (2) the presence of a mentor to guide each student group, (3) opportunity for the poster presentation on results of MSP and (4) satisfaction with the overall outcome of the MSP.

Conclusion: This study highlights the long-term impacts of MSP on students which matched with the expected learning outcomes set by Ministry of Education Malaysia. The analysis disclosed not only the outcome but also the process of MSP contribute for its success.