Open Access Short Research Article

The Impact of Low Fertility in East Asia: A Case Study of Low Fertility Crisis Management in Japan

Chi-Jen, Lin, Hsiao-Ming, Chang, Chien-Jen, Hung

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 11-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i130165

Low fertility has become a common problem all over the world. It is the same in East Asia. Japan is the first developed country in East Asia and the first country in East Asia to face the problem of low fertility. The purpose of this paper is to explore how to solve the problem of low fertility in East Asian countries. The solution may be in the case of Japan. In terms of research methods, this paper adopts case analysis and literature analysis.

The case analysis of Japan aims to explore the management plans and proposed strategies in the aspects of education faced with declining birth rate and aging industries from the perspective of sustainable development. Population issues are often the root of problems in a country, and any problems related to population will result in a crisis of social stability. Therefore, both China’s One-child policy (population control) and Japan’s declining birth rate and aging response strategies (labor shortage) can be considered cases of crisis management.

In conclusion, although low fertility is inevitable, if Japan faces and deals with it step by step, it can reduce the impact of low fertility. The premise is to plan ahead and go through a period of time. In the case of Japan, it took at least 20 years to deal with the problem. And now it is still going on.

Open Access Short Research Article

Issues and Trends in the Application of E-learning Technologies in Teaching Business Education in Universities in Niger Delta

O. S. F. Okiridu, P. C. Ogwunte

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 19-26
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i130166

The purpose of this study was to examine the issues and trends in the application of e-learning technologies in teaching Business Education in universities in Niger Delta Region. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The entire population of 135 Lecturers was studied, and a census sampling technique was adopted. Data for the study were collected by means of questionnaire titled “Issues and trends in the application of e-learning technologies in teaching Business Education in universities (ITAETTBEU)”. The questionnaire was validated by three experts. The questionnaire adopted a 4 point rating scale. Test-retest method was used for the reliability test, which yielded co-efficient index of 0.79. Mean rating and standard deviation were used to analysed the research questions, while z-test inferential statistics was used to test the null hypotheses. Findings revealed that e-learning technologies are accepted to a high extent in universities in Niger Delta, and that Business Education Lecturers utilize e-learning technologies to a moderate extent, for educational instruction. Based on the findings, discussion were made and conclusions drawn. Recommendations made amongst others were that managements of universities in Niger Delta region of Nigeria should provide electronic learning facilities such as computer studio with high speed internet access facilities to enable Business Education Lecturers and Students have adequate access to the web.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Assessment of the Socio-economic Characteristics of the Incremental Housing Developers in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

O. O. Omotoso, O. O. Ojo, A. A. Shittu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i130163

This paper examined the socio-economic characteristics of the incremental housing developers in Akure, a three-stage sampling was done. First, the peripheral areas of Akure metropolis was identified and used as the clusters. The second stage of sampling involved selecting communities from each peripheral area in Akure metropolis. In selecting the communities, purposive sampling was employed. The third stage of sampling was used in choosing the target units which were the incremental house owners. Sample size was selected using statistically valid methods with the assurance of complete data from the sampling frame and such data are collected in a reliable manner. Google Earth imagery of the study area was gotten from Google Earth Pro.7.0.3.8542. The imagery was digitized and the numbers of buildings were counted using Autocad. Oba-Ile had 1,013 buildings, Ijoka had 413 buildings, Igoba had 602 buildings while, Orita-Obele had 565 buildings, and the number of buildings from the four corridors were estimated to a total of 2,593 buildings. Most of the respondents in the study area were artisan and trader. Finding also showed that the residents are low income earners and poor because their monthly income is below the international poverty line which is $1.90 a day and ₦360 in Nigeria Currency. This result showed that the low-income group is the major and the dominant income group in the study area. The study recommended that the Government should endeavor to design a policy that will be favorable to the masses and also make housing loan accessible to the masses. Government should assists in providing more infrastructural facilities in the study area. Also, government should sensitize the residents on the benefits of approval of plans and property documentations.

Open Access Original Research Article

Modelling the Indicators of Environmental Risk for Fitness Activities

Chien-Jen Hung, Hsiao-Ming Chang, Chi-Jen Lin, Tsai-Fa (TF) Yen

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 27-33
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i130167

The fitness industry has developed vigorously in recent years, and nationwide fitness programs have drawn wide public attention; however, researchers have rarely paid attention to this issue, resulting in poor construction of the theory of fitness behavior risks. This study used the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) method to analyze the weight of risk indexes in public fitness with the aim of analyzing the importance of the various risk indexes in fitness, in order to provide fitness enterprises with a basis for the environmental maintenance of fitness venues. A total of 5 questionnaires were distributed through real feedback from sports researchers, fitness coaches, medical personnel and participants. Relevant risk indexes are divided into behavioral risk, environmental risk, equipment risk and awareness risk. Based on the relevant risk indexes in previous literature, this study made proper adjustments to the indexes. Experts completed the questionnaire and the FAHP method was adopted to calculate the weight of each index, thus, highlighting the importance of each index. The research results may serve as a reference for enterprises to make investments in national fitness programs, and for the public to select fitness venues.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teaching Methods and Creativity Levels of Students on Acquisition of Entrepreneurial Skills in the Rewinding of Coil in Electric Motor

Avwiri Eseroghene

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 34-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2020/v6i130168

The study was designed to investigate teaching methods and creativity levels of students and acquisition of entrepreneurial skills in the rewinding of coil in electric motor. The study area was Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. A sample of 60 physics senior secondary school students were purposively selected from a population of 1000 students and subjected to quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design with two experimental and one control group with each group taught with different instructional methods. Data was obtained using Creative Ability Test (CAT) and Entrepreneurial Skill Acquisition Test (ESAT) instruments, with reliability coefficients of 0.95 and 0.74 respectively, was analysed using mean and percentage for the research questions while 3×3 Multivariate Analysis of Covariance was used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that students with high creative ability gained most in the acquisition of measurement and manipulative skills when taught with cooperative strategy, while students with average and low creative abilities gained most in the acquisition of measurement, manipulative and finger dexterity skills when taught with demonstration strategy. However, the post hoc analyses showed that the significant differences in the instructional strategies were credited to demonstration strategy. The study thus recommends that the creative abilities of the students should be developed, while students–centred instructional strategies like demonstration and cooperative methods should be preferably used by teachers in teaching students rewinding of coil in electric motor.