Open Access Short Research Article

Gender as a Factor in Predicting Academic Performance in Agriculture in Primary School Leaving Examination in Gaborone, Botswana

Tapela Bulala, Keabetswe Malima

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i230141

The study looked at gender as it relates to academic performance of students in Agriculture Primary School Leaving Examination in Gaborone schools. The research was quantitative ex-post facto type design. The sample composed of 3781 (1751 males and 2030 females) students who wrote PSLE in 2012. The sample was taken from 43 primary schools in Gaborone area which included private and government schools. The results which included students’ scores were obtained from Botswana Examinations Council academic records and were not manipulated in any way. The results were then subjected to testing using Statistical Package for Social Sciences at significance level of 0.05. An independent t-test was conducted to determine significance difference and value of -5.964 which is statistically significance (P = 0.00) obtained and therefore the null hypothesis that states that there is no significant difference between males and females was rejected. The analysis revealed that girls performed better than boys and moreover there is a significant difference between males and females’ academic performance. It was therefore, recommended that the Gaborone Regional Education office intensify research to establish how other variables such as location, parental support and economic status of parents contribute to poor Primary School leaving Examinations.

Open Access Original Research Article

Development of Positive Attitudes of Class V towards Learning Science

Dorji Tenzin, Lham Tshering, Sangay Wangdi, Jamyang Choden

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i230138

Attitude of children towards science gained attractiveness among the researchers, mainly to influence students’ science learning, their achievements and participation in science class. Therefore, this study using mixed method examined the effects of parents or guardians involvement on attitude of students towards science, gender, teaching strategies, past achievement and student-teacher relationship and little on classroom environment and school location. A total of 18 students completed a questionnaire developed to examine the factors involving on attitudes of students to science. To further increase the authenticity of the quantitative findings, 11 students through judgmental selection took part in interview. The teaching strategies executed, past achievements, career choices and student-teacher relationship were positively correlated with attitude of students towards science. The study suggests that students attitude towards science can be improved by focusing on aforementioned reasons. Moreover, attitudes towards science higher classes can be improved by offering science only to interested, depending on the performance in previous grades.

Open Access Original Research Article

Customer Relationship Management and Small and Medium Enterprises Performance: Pragmatic Evidence from Oyo State, Nigeria

Aremu Atinuke Bukola, Adeniran Grace Abosede, M. A. Adesola

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i230139

Introduction: Customer Relationship Management (CRM) has been noted for survival strategy for business organizations especially in today's customer-oriented business world and intensely competitive environment.

Aim: This study sought to examine the influence of CRM on the performance of SMEs in Oyo State, Nigeria.

Study Design: Purposive sample technique was adopted to select 20 SME operators each from Ibadan, Oyo Town, Iseyin, Ogbomoso, and Saki, respectively totaling 100 participants as a sample size for the study. The data collection instruments for the study were structured questionnaires designed for the study. Data analysis was performed with the aid of mean, standard deviation, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient (PPMCC) and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method of estimation.

Results: The results revealed that CRM measured by customer orientation, service quality and personalized of services have a significant influence on SMEs’ performance. In conclusion, customer relationship management is an alternative paradigm to the survival of SMEs in today’s cut-throat competitive environment.

Conclusion: Based on the findings, the study recommended that SME operators should always treat their customers like Kings and Queens and their opinion should be sought before making a decision that is binding on them. Also, SME operators should be designed with a feasible customer relationship strategy that can identify potential and profitable customers to enable tailoring products and services to their needs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Enrollment of Rural Farmers’ Children into Schools in Ibadan Oyo State Nigeria

O. O. Oke, A. S. Adeoye

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i230140

Education is germane to liberating many people from high level of illiteracy and abject poverty. But lack of school enrollment among vulnerable children of such people living in the rural areas will further limit development, progress and the well-being they deserve. This study however was meant to assess the enrollment of rural farmers’ children into schools in Ido and Oluyole Local Government Areas, Ibadan, Oyo state. Purposive sampling technique was used for selection of the study area in the areas of Ibadan while random sampling was used to select 150 respondents from 10 communities in the 2 LGAs. Data collected were analyzed with both descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that majority of the respondents (94.2%) were married, 63.3% were above 60 years, 50.8% of the respondents were Christian while 49.2% were Muslims. The result also revealed that the majority of the respondents had primary (45%) and no formal education (45%). The result also showed the enrolment levels of farmers’ children in schools that 49.2% of the respondents’ male children between the ranges of 2-4 are enrolled in schools with the highest percentage of enrolment about 59.2% of the respondents female children are enrolled in schools. More so, 43.3% of the total respondents’ children are enrolled in schools, implying low enrollment in schools due to their low standard of living and unemployment in the country as indicated by 61.7% of the respondents to be a challenge to school enrolment for their children. In conclusion, the government should come up with strategies of establishing program such as free education where rural farmers’ children can benefit from and also ensure access to loans to improve farm business of rural farmers, supplying them with input and improved varieties that will increase their yield with commensurate income to support the enrolment of their children in schools. This will encourage and support enrolment of their children in school and eventually improve their living standard in the society.

Open Access Original Research Article

Examining the Effects of Using Polya’s Problem- solving Model on Mathematical Academic Achievement and Analyzing Ability of the Fourth Grade Students

Ugyen Phuntsho, Yeshi Dema

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i230142

The study sought to investigate the effects of Polya’s Problem-Solving Model (PPSM) on learning achievement and analyzing ability in mathematics of fourth grade students. The sample of 32 students out of three sections was selected purposively as the subject of the study. Pretest and posttest one-group experimental design, achievement test and time series record were used to collect data. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and t-test. The t-test analysis revealed a statistical significant difference between the mean scores of in favor of posttest (M=13.78; SD=3.02) than the pretest (M=6.66; SD=2.44) at p=.00, indicating the improvement in the mathematical academic achievement using PPSM. Moreover, the time series record also showed that there was significant progression in the performances of the students after the inclusion of the PPSM. Thus, this study recommends the implementation of PPSM as an alternative method of instruction in teaching and learning of mathematical problem solving.