Open Access Opinion Article

Developing the Youth through Technical Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Deebom, MtormaBari TamBari

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i130136

Nigeria is a country characterized with natural resources in its abundance which can cater for the well-being of the citizens, yet the citizens especially the youths are living below poverty level as many are victims of unemployment and cannot offer meaningful and positive contribution to the development of the nation. The unemployment rate is as a result of the abandonment of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) that can offer skills to the youths for self-reliance and employment. In this vein, this paper seeks to address how a developed TVET programme can develop the youths in order to build the nation for sustainable national development in Nigeria. The following outlines provide a guide to the content of this paper; the concept of sustainable development, the meaning of TVET and its role in sustainable development, how to develop TVET for sustainable development in Nigeria. Others were the definition of youth and the concept of TVET for youth development. The researcher suggests that TVET can be developed for sustainable development in Nigeria through making a flexible TVET policies, establishment of TVET special training centres on local basis, improvement of the linkages between training institutions and the industries, provision of adequate training facilities, giving of grants to individual who successfully complete TVET training, granting of soft loans to established business, establishment and effective management of financial institutions such as Micro-Finance Banks, Bank of Industries (BOI), employment in both public. The implementation of these strategies will enhance the development and sustainability of TVET programmes in Nigeria. Based on the discussion made in this paper, the study recommends that the period of National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) should be converted to be a compulsory training period for all graduates on different types and kinds of TVET skills, For non-graduates youths, there should be a skill training organized and supervised through government agencies such as Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), National Directorate of Employment (NDE) and other commissions, Government should grant soft loan to those venturing into TVET as this will enable the establishment of the acquire skills. Also, loan should be given to graduates who have completed a training programme for easy establishment.

Open Access Original Research Article

Career Guidance in Career Planning among Secondary School Students

Mubashir Zafar

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i130133

Career choice is one of the key decisions among student's life. Correct decision will give success in their professional life. The study objective is to determine role of career guidance in professional career choice among secondary school students in Karachi, Pakistan. It’s a Cross sectional study and 489 participants were selected through simple random sampling. Structured and Validated questionnaire were used. Chi square test and logistic regression were used to determine the association of career guidance in career planning. Mean age and standard deviation of participants were 17.13 ±1.29. Most of males (46% and 27%) seeking assistant for education related and career counseling respectively and after adjusting covariates revealed that male’s gender, students scored high grades and high education level of parents were more likely OR 2.33 OR 2.05 and OR 1.99 respectively) to seeking assistance from counselors in career guidance, while students with lower educational aspirations were least likely (OR 0.78) to seek counselors for career planning. Study found that male students and parent’s education level were important role in career guidance seeking. There is need for awareness of career guidance through workshops, seminars and media for promoting career guidance among students.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors of Performance of Secondary Schools in Science, Mathematics and English

Jem Boy B. Cabrella, Marilou D. Junsay

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-23
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i130134

This sequential exploratory mixed methods research aimed to describe which among the demographics, school profile, teacher factor, student factor, learning resources and classroom management, management and governance, family background and parental involvement significantly influenced and predicted the performance of the secondary schools in Science, Mathematics and English in Davao del Sur Division and thereafter to develop empirical models. The instrument used was developed through the responses of the KII informants, concepts of Creswell, and factor analyses. Using complete enumeration, the researcher selected 68 teachers and principals as respondents. Findings revealed that educational attainment, school based management, field of specialization significantly predicted competition; school type, teachers’ attitude and motivation, class size were linked with NAT results in Science; school type, length of service, teachers’ attitude and motivation, principal’s projects and programs, and school size were associated with NAT results in Mathematics; school type, teachers’ attitude and motivation, and classroom management positively correlated with NAT results in English; and school type, teacher’s attitude and motivation, family background and parental involvement, and length of service significantly linked with NAT results in Science, Mathematics and English. The empirical models adopted were: (1) YCompetition = -5.028 + 2.472*Educational Attainment + 1.514*School Based Management – 1.531*Field of Specialization, (2) YNATScience = 7.814 – 32.872*School Type + 13.007*Teacher’s Attitude and Motivation + 14.318*Class Size, (3) YNATMathematics = 74.026 – 28.828*School Type + 5.381* Length of Service + 9.523* Teacher’s Attitude and Motivation – 6.782* Principal’s Projects and Programs – 4.935* School Size, (4) YNATEnglish = 52.674 – 18.505* School Type + 11.362* Teacher’s Attitude and Motivation – 6.518* Classroom Management, and (5) YNATAverage = 60.645 – 26.052*School Type + 8.362* Teacher’s Attitude and Motivation – 4.902* Family Background and Parental Involvement + 4.158* Length of Service.

Open Access Original Research Article

Gender Influence on Students’ Perception in Learning Chemistry Using Multiple Representations in Learning Chemistry in Nigerian Secondary Schools

T. C. Ogunyemi, E. O. Bamidele

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i130135

This study was aimed for investigating the influence of gender difference in learning chemistry using multiple representations which were spurred towards obtaining an improved academic achievement. The study employed a descriptive research design using a survey across the senatorial districts in Ondo state. Data collected were subjected to descriptive statistics while inferential analysis was carried out using Paired t-test Statistical Analysis. Findings from the study showed that there was no significant gender difference in the preferred effectiveness of multiple representation. However, female students showed more interest in the use of multiple representation in learning chemistry than male students. Based on the findings of this research, teachers should permit better student interactions and engagements in their classroom for a better understanding of chemistry context.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effectiveness of Strategic Intervention Material in Mathematics as Remediation for Grade 9 Students in Solving Problems Involving Quadratic Functions

Myrell P. Dumigsi, Jem Boy B. Cabrella

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i130137

This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Strategic Intervention Material (SIM) in Mathematics as remediation for Grade 9 students in solving problems involving quadratic functions. The SIM was designed as a remediation tool for students in teaching one of the least learned competencies. It was personally conducted by the researcher in Digos City NHS – Igpit HS Annex, Igpit, Digos City, Davao del Sur, Philippines during the School Year 2016-2017. A total of 16 Grade 9 students were the respondents of the study. Quasi-experimental design was used. The data were gathered using the researcher-made pretest and posttest. Frequency, relative frequency, mean and standard deviation were used to describe the academic achievement of students in problem solving involving quadratic functions. One-way analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) was utilized to test if the significant difference existed between the experimental and the control groups. Findings revealed that the proficiency level of Grade 9 students in the posttest when remediated using the SIM was “satisfactory”; while the students remediated with the Grade 9 Learner’s Material was described as “did not meet expectations.” A significant difference in the academic achievement of students on the topic in favor of the experimental group was noted; hence, the Strategic Intervention Material in Mathematics was found effective as a remediation tool for Grade 9 students in solving problems involving quadratic functions. Recommendations were offered.