Open Access Original Research Article

Organizational Maturity and Evaluation of DILEEP Projects: The Case of PARBUF-MPC in Kiblawan, Davao Del Sur

Leo Ariel A. Pepino, Garnette Mae V. Balacy

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i230113

Aims: This study intends to explore Pasig Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries and Upland Farmers Multi-Purpose Cooperative (PARBUF-MPC) organizational maturity and its implications to the implementation of the Dole Integrated Livelihood Emergency Employment Program (DILEEP) projects in terms of the dimensions project management, financial management, organizational management, technical assistance and beneficiaries’ well-being.

Study Design: This study is anchored on the organizational maturity model which reflects a framework that defines maturity as an aggregate of incremental capabilities prerequisite to effective organizational project management. Using the convergent mixed methods research design, quantitative and qualitative data strands were collected and analyzed to achieve the objectives of the study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in Pasig, Kiblawan, Davao del Sur for the period Jan 2017 to December 2018. Data were gathered from 119 member beneficiaries of PARBUF-MPC.

Methodology: Organizational maturity was measured using a 35-item, 5-point scale-type instrument, while project implementation was diagnosed using a survey with some close-ended items. These were administered to 119 members of the cooperative who were also beneficiaries of the DILEEP projects particularly on hog raising, banana chips making and rubber cultivation. The quantitative responses were gathered and analyzed using averages and frequency. The qualitative data consist of responses to open-ended questions and were analyzed to reveal themes from beneficiaries’ experiences on the project implementation and management.

Results: Results indicate the cooperative’s level of organizational maturity obtained an overall mean of 3.62. This level of organizational maturity is verbally described as predictable, which means that the organization’s defined processes are performed consistently in practice, with defined control limits to achieve its goals. Project implementation on the other hand was identified by the respondents to be established under project management, financial management and technical assistance while organizational management was described as not established. Qualitative remarks of the responses also revealed particular themes under each dimension of project implementation. The responses were processed and classified into two themes which are the positive and the negative feedbacks. Beneficiaries’ well-being as the fifth dimension of project implementation revealed themes like women empowerment and improvement in the quality of lives.

Conclusion: Essentially, the gaps in the implementation in the projects like banana chips making, hog raising and rubber cultivation were identified.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of the Students of Bowen University, Nigeria

Ibukun Okedigba, Tomiloba D. Adedigba, Temilola O. Okedigba

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-22
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i230114

Aim: Students’ academic performance is an important criterion that is considered for career opportunity in academia and industry as such the onus is on students to perform well academically in order to stand a chance of holding their own in a competitive and saturated labour market. The fact however is that a number of factors within and outside the classroom combine to determine how well students perform academically. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of factors such as gender, study habits, faculty of study, extracurricular activities, boyfriend/girlfriend relationship, social media usage and type of secondary school attended on students’ academic performance in Bowen University.

Study Design:  A survey research design was used which employed a questionnaire capable of gathering large amount of quantitative and qualitative data.

Place and Duration of Study: Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria between March 2017 and May 2017.

Methodology: A self-designed survey questionnaire was administered to a sample of 380 students (144 males, 236 females) drawn from a population of 3,819 students using multi-stage sampling technique. Data collected during the survey were processed and analyzed using various statistical techniques including frequencies, percentages, independent samples t-test, analysis of variance test and Chi-Square test for independence. 

Results: Survey results indicated that gender, involvement in extracurricular activities, involvement in boyfriend/girlfriend relationship, study habit and social media usage significantly impact upon student’s academic performance while the type of secondary attended and the faculty of study were found not to significantly affect academic performance of the students.

Conclusion: The survey results demonstrated that some of the considered factors significantly affect academic performance of students while some do not. As such, it is important for students to develop good study habits that will enable them spend more time studying while also cutting down on the number of hours spent daily on social media. In the same vein, students should be more involved in extracurricular activities that promote fitness, total wellness and team work. In addition, relationships should be well managed to ensure that they do not negatively impact on students’ academic performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Organizational Culture and Citizenship Behaviour of the City Government of Digos

Richei Lei M. Nuesca, Garnette Mae V. Balacy

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i230115

Aims: The relative importance of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB) in organizations is established. Organizational culture has been proven to influence OCB. However, less have studied the interaction of the two organizational variables among local government units. This study intends to describe the city government of Digos’ organizational culture and organizational citizenship behavior and examine the relationship between them. This research also endeavors to investigate the influence of profile variables namely employees’ age, sex, position, department and years of service on the organizational citizenship behavior.

Study Design: This study adopts the quantitative, non-experimental research design particularly the causal-correlational design. The independent variable is the organizational culture with the dimensions dominant characteristics, employee management, organizational leadership, organizational glue, strategic emphasis and criteria of success. The dependent variable on the other hand is organizational citizenship behavior with the indicators altruism, courtesy, sportsmanship, conscientiousness and civic virtue

Place and duration of Study: This study was conducted in the City Government of Digos City, Province of Davao del Sur, Region XI, Philippines from the period January 2018 to June 2018.

Methodology: Two questionnaires were utilized namely the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) and the 25-item organizational citizenship behavior scale. These were administered to 196 employees of the City Hall of Digos. Following the correlational research design, the study made use of the mean, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and the general linear model as statistical tools to address the objectives of the study.

Results: For organizational citizenship behavior of the city government of Digos, results indicate that the dimensions namely altruism, courtesy and sportsmanship were found to be high while conscientiousness and civic virtue were found to be very high. Elements of organizational culture had significant correlation with particular dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior. It was found that the dominant characteristic have significant correlation to courtesy. The organizational leadership was also found to significantly correlate with conscientiousness. The employee management culture was also found to significantly correlate with. The strategic emphasis culture also significantly correlates with civic virtue. The criteria for success scenario significantly correlated with altruism. The results of the analysis using the general linear model to identify profile variables that significantly influence the different organizational citizenship behavior indicators. It was found that the employees’ sex had a significant influence of altruism. Courtesy and sportsmanship was significantly influenced by employees’ department and sex. Conscientiousness and civic virtue were affected by employees’ department.

Conclusion: Prevailing organizational culture of the city government of Digos under the context of dominant characteristics, organizational leadership, management of employees, organizational glue, strategic emphasis and criteria of success were found. The level of organizational behavior was also described as high for the indicator’s altruism, courtesy and sportsmanship, while conscientiousness and civic virtue of the organization were described as very high. Significant relationships also existed among various organizational culture scenarios and indicators of organizational citizenship behavior. Finally, it was found that employees’ sex and department significantly influenced specific indicators of organizational citizenship behavior.


Retraction Notice: This paper has been retracted from the journal after receipt of written complains. This journal is determined to promote integrity in research publication. This retraction is in spirit of the same. After formal procedures editor(s) and publisher have retracted this paper on 27th June-2019. Related policy is available here:

Open Access Original Research Article

School Climate and Its Influence on Public Secondary Schools’ Performance in Mvomero District, Morogoro, Tanzania

Leonid L. Nkuba, Said M. S. Massomo

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i230116

The study determined the school climate in eight public secondary schools and its relationship to students’ academic achievement. The study employed quantitative approach within ex-post facto research design using three climate questionnaires for secondary schools and a sample of 160 teachers. The study revealed that the general climates of all schools were non-conducive or negative. In determining the relationship, the subtest of intimate teachers’ behaviour indicated a strong positive significant correlation (r = 0.821) with division II and (r = 0.868) with division III. However, the frustrated teachers’ behaviour subtest was significantly negatively correlated (r = - 0.779) with division IV. The subtest of institutional integrity indicated a strong correlation (r = 0.887) with division IV, while initiating structure showed a strong positive correlation (r = 0.824) with division I, lastly, the subtests of headmaster/mistress influence and academic emphasis both indicated a strong significant (r = 0.848 and r = 0.860) correlations with division I and II, respectively. This study confirmed that, students’ academic achievement is influenced by school climate. Therefore, school climates need to be conducive or positive for the survival and well-being of schools.

Open Access Original Research Article

Challenges Facing Teaching and Learning of English Language in Public Secondary Schools in Enugu State Nigeria

N. Ogbonna Mercy

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i230117

English language is the official language in Nigeria. The teaching and learning of English is important for Nigerian students especially at the secondary school level. However, several factors have led to mass failure of the subject by students at this level. This study sought to examine the challenges to effective teaching and learning of English language in secondary schools in Enugu state. The specific objectives included identifying the government factors; student based factors; teachers’ related factors and school administration/management based factors that contribute to the challenges. The study adopted survey research method and hundred questionnaires were used. Data were analysed with the use of descriptive statistics (percentages and mean). Respondents agreed that government based challenges included heavy workload and curriculum (x̄=2.9) and do not provide sufficient learning materials (x̄=2.6). The students based challenges included anxiety and fear for the subject (x̄=2.7) and scarce English practice (x̄=2.7). Teachers based challenges were not good qualification (x̄=2.9) and lack of adequate teaching methods and instructional materials (x̄=2.8). The school administration based factors included poor planning of learning structures (x̄=2.9) and provision of malfunctioning or inappropriate curriculum (x̄=2.9). Government is recommended to provide less workload, relevant curriculum, sufficient learning materials and adequate training for the teachers among others.