Open Access Original Research Article

The Adaptation of Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-2 within an Omani Context: Some Initial Findings

El Shourbagi, Sahar, Abd-El-Fattah, Sabry M.

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i130108

Aim: The aim of the present study was to report some initial findings concerning the validity and reliability of the Omani version of the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-2 (OM-GARS-2).

Sample: The sample of the study included 90 children aged 8-14 years and divided into two groups: Autistic group (n = 45), enrolled in two public centers of autism care in two governorates in Oman, and normal group (n =45), enrolled in two public schools in two governorates in Oman.

Raters Sample: A total of 8 teachers (4 males and 4 females) working in these centers rated students on the OM-GARS-2. And 7 teachers (4 males and 3 females) in these schools rated students on the OM-GARS-2. All ratings were performed over a three-week period.

Methodology: To answer the research questions, two types of reliability indictors were computed: (1) test-retest reliability, and (2) internal consistency reliability. Then, Pearson correlation coefficient was computed between students’ scores on OM-ABC which is studied by several researchers and the total score and the OM-GARS-2 subscales as well as total score. Finally, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted where group (autistic vs. normal) was set as an independent variable (factor) and the OM-GARS-2 subscales and Autism index was set as criterion variable to test the hypothesis that there would be one or more mean differences between groups.

Results: The results of the study showed the OM-GARS-2 had temporal stability and internal consistency reliability. The OM-GARS-2 had criterion (type concurrent) validity and discriminant validity.

Conclusion: To conclude, the reliability and validity indices of OM-GARS-2 are very similar to that of the original GARS-2 [1] and other studies conducted internationally.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on Work Life Balance of Women Teachers in a Mangalore Engineering College

Dhavala ., Kaliyanda Bopanna Kushi, Divyashree ., Reema Agnes Frank, Sakshi Shantharam Kamath, Basavaraju Bennehalli

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i130109

Women are the building blocks of the society especially the teachers. It is very difficult for women to work throughout the day by managing the work schedules as well as the family when small kids are around. The organizations always demand for more and more performance. The women employees find it hard to manage and so called work life balance will be shattered. This study made an attempt to find the level of work life balance among women teaching professionals in a Mangalore college. The study also throws light on the factors which could improve the work life balance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Play What, Like What! The Application of Psychodrama in the Business Management Education in Universities-Marketing Management as an Example

Chih-Huang Lin

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i130110

The higher education is facing challenges and the learning is flipping. The teaching as a whole-person is one of the major mission of higher education. Psychodrama was developed for psychotherapy and it is used as a psychotherapy technique in group counseling, consultation, and even education in recent years. In business schools, psychodrama offers a creative and more experiential way for students to explore and solve the key issues in business and management practice. This study uses psychodrama in teaching in the real Business-Management course Marketing Management 」as the research context.

This study is an action research in Business-Management education. This study is bringing a new learning experience to Business education. Moreover, it also adds humanistic quality and social consideration to students. With the qualitative and quantitative data, the results demonstrates that psychodrama can improve learning outcomes, enhance learning satisfaction, and even enhance the ability of students to business decision-making. Furthermore, this study also provides managerial and practical implications for both higher education in business schools and real world business managers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors that Influence Online Purchasing Behavior among Students in Universiti Utara Malaysia

Nur Ainun Nadhirah Harunar Rashid, Zahayu Md Yusof, Masnita Misiran, Massudi Mahmuddin

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i130111

Aims: The rapid growth in Internet access among Malaysian showed more ventures towards e-commerce activity that contributes to significant value in national growth domestic product. As technology-driven industry is normally associated with younger generations that are more technology savvy, their purchasing behavior through online shopping platform is of interest.

Methodology: Undergraduate students online purchasing behavior will be assessed, and factor analysis will be adopted.

Results: Result shows that there are three major factors that influence online purchasing behavior, which are the attitude towards online shopping, trust, and perceived benefit. Result also indicated that 41.9% of the respondents have been victimized by financial fraud during online transaction at least once, thus the need to educate people in managing online financial risk is a must.

Conclusion: There are three factors that influence students’ attitude towards online shopping. The factors are behavior towards online shopping, trust and perceived benefit. Technological advances nowadays influence current students’ purchasing pattern that are more likely to buy products through online platforms.

Open Access Original Research Article

Employability Analysis of Management External Degree Holders of Sri Lanka: Longitudinal Study Based on University of Sri Jayewardenepura

K. M. V. Sachitra, U. A. Kumara

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v4i130112

Aims: The purpose of this study is to examine the nature of employability of the graduates receiving external management degrees in the Faculty of Management Studies and Commerce, University of Sri Jayewardenepura.

Study Design:  The study used past three years’ data gathered at the Convocation days held in year 2015, 2016 and 2017. It included graduates’ demographic characteristics, employability and the nature of jobs engaged.

Results: The study provided quantitative results about the employability of external degree holders and the results showed that the employability rate of external degree holders was relatively high compared with the employability rate of the management graduate in Sri Lanka at the date of convocation. On the basis of findings, the study proves that business graduates possess average levels of employability skills in terms of technology and communication skills.

Conclusion: Although the results exemplify the initial step towards a description of employability of external degree holders, they shed light in terms of future development of the management external degree programmes. Presently, Sri Lanka meets the management employment expected, but in the future, management graduates need to realize that education is not all about to attain good marks but to explore and develop personal capabilities.