Open Access Original Research Article

Domestic Violence and Women Autonomy: The Darkest Truth of Our Society

Liza Bosak, Tithi Das, K. M. Aminul Haque

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v3i430101

The present study was conducted to find out the current situation of domestic violence and women autonomy in northern Bangladesh. In this study we found socio-economic and demographic condition, abusive status and women autonomy of employed women in northern Bangladesh. A total of 160 employed women from different district of northern Bangladesh were selected through cluster sampling as a sample of this research. The results found that only 45.6% women maintain non abusive relationship with their husband. Whereas about 53.1% women were moderately abuse and 1.3% women was seriously abuse. This was a critical situation in terms of women violence. Result obtained that about 83.1% women take permission to go outside the residence, 76.9% women take permission to visit their relatives or friends, 38.8% women take permission to go the local health center and 45.0% women take permission to go the local market. That means their freedom of movement depends on their husband or family members. About in 11.9% families others decided about to do when a child falls sick. Only in 10.6% families women decided and 85.6% families both husband and wife decided about how much schooling to give to your children. Only in 46.6% family’s wife decided about what food to buy for family meals. The variable respondent's monthly income was found positively correlated with domestic violence scores. That means if women’s income increases, there violence status was decreases.

Open Access Original Research Article

Classroom Size as a Predictor of Bullying Behaviour among Secondary School Adolescents in Nigeria

Bede C. Akpunne, F. Lanre-Babalola, Folake S. Alo

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v3i430102

Aim: This study was carried out to investigate the patterns of bullying behaviour among Nigerian secondary school adolescents and to ascertain the link between classroom size and bullying in selected Senior Secondary Schools in Ogun State, Southwestern Nigeria. 

Study Design: Cross-sectional survey design.

Place of Study: Redeemer’s University Osun State, South Western Nigeria.

Methodology: Multistage sampling technique was adopted in this study.  Random sampling technique was used to select Obafemi / Owode Local Government Area (LGA) from Ogun central senatorial district, four Senior Secondary Schools (SSS) from the LGA and 397 students. Participants responded to School Congestion Questionnaire (SCQ) and Adolescent Peer Relation Instrument: Bully/Target (APRI-BT). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analysis

Results: Observed prevalence rates included verbal bullying (42.5%), social bullying (42.3%), physical bullying (37.9%) and overall bullying behaviour (44.8%). Class Size (CS) independently and significantly predicted the severities of verbal bullying (R² = .029, p = .001); social bullying (R² = .055, p = .000); physical bullying (R² = .042, p = .000) and overall bullying behaviour (R² = .042, p = .000) among the sample.

Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of bullying behaviour among Nigerian secondary school adolescents. Classroom size is a significant predictor of the individual factors of bullying behaviour (verbal bullying, social bullying, and physical bullying) as well as the composite of bullying behaviour among Senior Secondary School students in Nigeria.

Open Access Original Research Article

Hooked by the WWW: A Study of Social Networking

Noel Palo Sobejana, Ariel Epan San Jose

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v3i430104

Aims: This study was conducted to determine the participants’ experiences and perceptions on the use of SNS. It also looked into how SNS use affects their jobs, personal activities, and studies.

Study Design: This study used the qualitative method. Open-ended questions were constructed to gather participants’ experiences.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted among the Information Technology faculty and students University of Mindanao- Digos College. The study was conducted for one semester.

Methodology: The open-ended questions were distributed among pre-selected participants online. The responses were analyed into themes; discussions were provided.

Results: SNS use does not affect the jobs, tasks, personal activities, and studies of the participants. It is also revealed that SNS use provides happiness and satisfactions to the participants. The participants’ continuous connection with their family members, friends and relatives makes them closer because of SNS. Moreover, participants also build confidence when friends appreciate and affirm their status in the SNS. Further, SNS serves as someone’s blueprint or portfolio which shows his/her achievements. Finally, most participants are not bothered by the spending incurred in connecting the internet as long as they can communicate with their families, relatives, and friends in the SNS.

Conclusion: Addiction to SNS is indirectly insignificant to the perception of the participants because it only provides happiness, develops self-confidence, and boosts reputation. Although they find the cost of connection to SNS not favorable, still they patronized it because it is the only way they can connect with the persons important to them.  Thus, someone’s values and orientations influence his/her use of SNS. Moreover, SNS addiction does not depend on someone’s profession.

Open Access Original Research Article

Improving Students Performance Through Using Models in Teaching Solid Geometry in Junior Secondary Schools in Hong Local Government Area, Nigeria

Marcel P. Agah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v3i430105

The aim of this paper was to determine the influence of using models as instructional materials on student’s performance in mathematics in Hong Local Government Area, Adamawa State. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the effect of using models on students academic achievement in mathematics and to determine the influence of gender difference when taught with models. The research employed experimental study design on a targeted population of all Junior Secondary Students in Hong Local Government Area. A sample of 240 students both male and female participated in the study. Out of the four randomly selected schools, two were assigned experimental group and the remaining two, control group. Data were obtained through testing the groups at the end of the treatment and was analysed using the appropriate statistics at 0.05 level of significant. From the presentation and data analysed, findings revealed that teaching mathematics with models as instructional materials improved students performance. The result further, revealed gender difference in favour of boys than girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, schools should provide best designed Models in support of the teacher’s improvisational ones, with simple and durable materials that will facilitate instruction.

Open Access Original Research Article

Use of Spoon Game in Improving Students’ Language Performance

Elangbai K. Balawag, Ariel Epan San Jose, Maria Gregoria Robles Concepcion

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajess/2019/v3i430106

Aims: The main purpose of this study was to determine the experiences of the students in the use of spoon game technique. It also looked into the influence of the technique in the enhancement and improvement of the oral participation of students. Specifically, it sought answer how the spoon game technique was conducted; how it helped improve the oral participation of the students; and what were the suggestions of the students to improve the use of the technique.

Study Design: This study used the qualitative-phenomenological method. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was used to obtain the essential information from the participants. Validated open-ended questions were used to cull the participants’ experiences.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the University of Southern Mindanao for one-semester among the freshmen students enrolled in the Study, Thinking and Speaking Skills.

Methodology: The interview protocol was followed before the conduct of the interview. The participants were grouped into focus groups. The recorded interviews were transcribed, analyzed into themes and core ideas. 

Results: The teachers followed procedures in the conduct of the spoon game technique. The instructions of the game were clearly relayed to the students.  The student-participants believed that the spoon game technique helped improved their oral participation. The technique greatly motivated them to ask questions and clarify issues regarding the topic being discussed; thus, they actively shared ideas. Moreover, they found the technique was fun and interesting.

Conclusion: The problem on oral participation in the classroom can be addressed if language teachers are hands-on and interactive in doing the tasks; if the teacher gives appropriate and clear instructions; if teachers utilize group-work activities; and if teachers listen to the suggestions for improvement of the students.  It is also noteworthy to note that the next time the spoon game is used; the teacher needs to contextualize the questions according to the cognition level of the students and students need to be given reasonable time to think of their answers.