Open Access Case study

Effective Evaluation of Students Attainment in Assessment Components for the Unit Taught in Large Classes by Using SPSS v17

M. Jayakumar, S. Rajalingam

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2019/46645

In this paper, the authors used statistical methods on SPSS v17 software to identify the best predictor assessment mode for the overall performance in the Engineering Mathematics 120, unit taught at Curtin University Sarawak in Semester 1, 2011.  The results of this case study are also shown to be useful in planning the continuous quality improvement (CQI) of teaching this unit.  To enhance the students’ learning and the lecturer’s effective teaching, the authors suggest more emphasis on the learning mode with corresponding assessment mode, best correlated with the final examination results and the total assessment marks.  The best predictor assessment mode is shown to be an effective formative assessment that forms an integral part of the students’ learning process. To provide a more accurate and reliable assessment of the students’ achievement of the learning outcomes, the authors suggest a revision on the distribution of assessment marks over the various assessment modes.

Open Access Opinion Article

Family - School Cooperation about Child – as Acting Social Individual

Gogou Lela, Elefterakis Theodoros, Kalerante Evaggelia, Giavrimis Panagiotis

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2019/46029

The child’s socialization and multifaceted psycho-emotional development is directly associated with the cooperation of the two basic socializing agents, family and school. At first, the child – subject’s development and identity are analyzed, emphasizing the contradiction between its autonomy and the inevitable monitoring by adults within the family and school framework. Then, the role of the family as a socializing carrier to the relational structure of “I” (parent) and the “Other” (child) is clarified, while at the same time light is shed on the importance of parents’ ability to empathize with the child, known as “sympathetic reaction”. Following that, a comparative historical review of changing standpoints about the child’s social role from the Roman Empire until the 21st century is carried out. Moreover, the child’s socialization process and its psycho-emotional development as dual socialization are studied, through the synergy between family and school, emphasizing the teacher-parent relation. The main objective is to showcase the smooth synergy and cooperation of the two carriers in order to ensure teaching and educational experiences, to eliminate school failure, to mitigate social-school pathogenic phenomena, inequalities as well as conflicting or competitive relations between parents and teachers. Finally, the main objective of this paper is to showcase a healthy democratic pedagogical-social model in which equal opportunities for qualitative education will be ensured. This form of education will target the promotion of social coherence, citizenship and the subject’s emancipation towards a multifaceted development of its social, spiritual and mental abilities.

Open Access Original Research Article

A State Level Analysis of the Social Infrastructure: Public Private Partnership in Education and Health

S. Ashwin Ram, Zareena Begum Irfan

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-28
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2019/45502

Since 1991, several sectors have experimented with Public Private Partnership (PPP) for infrastructure development in India, particularly at the National level with mixed results. However, there have been relatively fewer instances of PPPs at the state and local levels. This is mainly due to bottlenecks to PPPs at the Institutional, Organisational and Project level in Indian states. In response, the Indian government has initiated several schemes to enable state governments to implement infrastructure projects via PPP. India has also not experiment and explored the opportunities of PPP in social infrastructure. Though India has increasingly recognised the need for PPP in infrastructure development and has implemented some successful infrastructure projects through the PPP mode in the core and urban infrastructure, it is yet to realise its potential on social infrastructure. India as one of the leading countries of the Asian economy should highly target on the social development along with the economic growth for a sustainable development.  Education and health form the major part of social infrastructure where India has a huge gap and thus scope to experiment with PPP. Considering the fact of the poor education and health status in India, it is the right time to enhance these potential sectors to move on ladder of economic and social development. This calls for exploring many opportunities and PPP is one effective way of achieving better social delivery. On the backdrop of this, the paper tries to explore the opportunities for implementing PPP in social infrastructure by analysing the effects of public and private expenditure on Human Development Index (HDI) and exploring it through case studies.

Open Access Original Research Article

Research Study on Gold Purchasing Behavior of Consumers in Nepal

B. K. Yam Bahadur, A. Pandey, R. Pandit, N. Kandel, A. Thakur

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2019/42173

Aims: Taking into account the enviable position of gold industry in our nation’s economy and culture. It is useful to understand and identify the consumer’s behavior and various factors influencing the consumer behavior in gold and silver market.

Study Design: The descriptive cross-sectional quantitative type was used to identify the purchasing behaviour of consumers.

Place and Duration of Study: 431 sample were collected from forty jewellery shops throughout western parts of Nepal from June 2017 to December 2017.

Methodology: Forty jewellery shops were selected randomly from the list of total jewellery shops throughout western parts of Nepal from June 2017 to December 2017. From each shop, ten customers were chosen purposively to cover the 431 sample size. The data was collected through interview using the pre-tested structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using SPSS-20 via appropriate statistics like frequency, percentage, mean /median, SD, and hypothesis testing tool chi-square.

Results: The study reveals that majority of the respondents were female, i.e. 65.8% followed by male 34%. There is a significant difference between the common behaviour of jewellery on female and buying of jewellery. I.e. p-value 0.010. There is no significant difference between gender on instincts of advertisement and buying of jewellery, i.e. p-value 0.419 and 0.658 respectively.

Conclusion: In jewellery purchasing behaviour, a decision on buying jewels, place of jewellery buying and instincts of advertisement have not any significant with the buying pattern of people. The study has concluded that female participants mainly preferred the jewellery buying by themselves.

Open Access Original Research Article

Learning Institutes of Pre-Islam and Early Islamic Century and Their Transformation into Formal Madrasah in 11th Century

Syed Mahbubul Alam Al-Hasani

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2019/42932

The learning institutes and centers in the Pre-Islam and Early Islamic era were really remarkable and might be countless. This study shows the development of Madrasah in the 11th century from various learning institutes and centers in the past. The historical methodology was used in this study, where, the researcher studied the documents related to the evolution of Madrasah. This paper is an analytical study, in which the historical documents, journals, articles and publications related to this subject area were studied to develop this research paper. The current study analyses the official construction of Nizamiyyah in Baghdad and its Influence and scholarship that it provided for scholars, researchers, educationists, readers and policy makers. The main objective of this paper is to show how the various learning centers and institutes of pre-islam and early Islamic century were transformed into the formal official Madrasah on the basis of historical stand point. The result of this effort shows the growth of a formal Madrasah in the 11th century of Muslim civilization. In this regard, this paper presents different types of learning institutes and centers which later on evolved into prestigious Madrasah. Kuttab, Maktab, Halaqah, Suffah, Majlis, Jamiah, Jami Masjid and Khan Complex are among the examples.  A brief important study on the formation of Madrasah provides a solid research to inform the nations about the original history on the formation of Madrasah in 11th century. The Study demonstrated   various public education centers like Maktab, Kuttab, Halaqah, Suffah, Jami (Friday Mosque), Jami’ah (University) and libraries were the main sources of Madrasah.  Hence, An instance of growing the number of students in these centers was the main reason to establish the independent institution named Madrasah outside the mosque.