Open Access Original Research Article

An Experimental Approach to ICT for Climate Change Awareness in Myanmar

Benjamin K. Blevins, Nyi Nyi Htwe, Shree Kumar Maharjan, Shinji Kaneko

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/44138

The study explores the introduction of ICT into the classroom by conducting a randomised controlled experiment (RCT) among secondary schools in urban Myanmar. Using a lecture on climate change awareness, 942 students in five schools in Yangon and Mandalay participated in the experiment. For treatment groups, the lecture was video-based, with the teachers simply providing support to the contents of the video. In contrast, the teachers in the control groups presented the content of the video lecture without the video-aid. Student learning outcomes for those in the treatment group resulted in a mixture of outcomes divided on gender lines. The study suggests that ICT can simultaneously benefit certain students while impeding others, and thus should not be treated as a panacea to improve learning outcomes.

Open Access Original Research Article

Level of Awareness of Haor Farmers in Combating Climate Change Hazards for Boro Rice Production

M. H. Uddin, M. A. Islam, M. R. Amin, S. D. Baishakhy

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/43953

Farmers’ awareness about the hazards derived from climate change on boro rice production has been a central issue to reduce their crop loss in a sustainable way.  In this study, farmers’ awareness was measured on the basis of twelve adverse effects of climate change on boro rice production using a four point rating scale. Necessary data were collected through personal interview using a mixed method research design from 100 randomly selected haor farmers of four villages of Tahirpur and Bishwambarpur upazila under Sunamganj district during 20 March to 10 May, 2018. The findings revealed that an overwhelming majority (75 percent) of the haor farmers had conscious to stable awareness while 25 percent were unconsciously aware of the effects of climate change. On the other hand, results of correlation analysis indicated that some characteristics of haor farmers like age and family size had negative and statistically significant relationship while their education level, farm size, annual family income, communication exposure, agricultural training experience, perception on climate change had a positive and statistically significant relationship with their awareness about the effects of climate change on boro rice production. The highest awareness level was reported against the effect of flash flood in haor areas while the haor farmers had lowest awareness on crop damage due to the excessive cloudy sky. The findings of this result can be utilized to develop a suitable policy for uplifting of socio-economic status of the haor farmers and also guide to develop suitable strategies to secure boro rice production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Parenting Styles on Behavioural and Emotional Outcomes among University of Ghana Undergraduate Students

Rona Bioh, Regina Durowaa, Bernard Kumasenu, Cecilia Gyekye

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/44322

Parents, to a large extent, determine the behavioural and emotional outcomes of their children. This study investigated the influence of parenting styles on behavioural and emotional outcomes (aggression and assertiveness) among University of Ghana undergraduate students. The study also examined gender differences in behavioural and emotional outcomes. One hundred and sixty (160) respondents were selected conveniently from the population to complete the Parenting Styles Inventory, Assertiveness Scale and the Aggressive Behaviour Questionnaire. The multivariate analysis of variance was used in data analysis. The findings indicated that authoritative parents nurtured more assertive and less aggressive students compared with authoritarian and permissive parents. Authoritarian parents also nurtured more aggressive students compared to permissive parents. There was however no significant difference in assertiveness between students with permissive and those with authoritarian parents. Gender was not a significant predictor of aggression and assertiveness. Generally, this study indicates that parents play a significant role in determining behaviour and emotional outcomes of their children.

Open Access Original Research Article

Advertisements Targeting Children

Amit Gosar, Dina Rajput, Jigna Ganatra

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/44536

In this research paper, we are trying to touch upon the issue of rising consumerism in children by targeting them through advertisement. The study is carried out in Indian context to check the view of the people on advertisements targeting to the children. Through such advertisements, children are being made dutiful and tempted consumer, and they impact largely on the buying decisions of their parents. The advertisements play a very important role in impacting the social and cultural behavioural pattern of society [1]. The mind of the children is very raw and impressionable and can be easily manipulated by showing a very attractive advertisement. The children easily copy the acts which they see in the advertisements. The food habits of the children are mainly getting affected due to very attractive advertisements of fast food, cold drinks and chocolates leading to obesity and other health hazards [2]. The attempt is made here to understand the viewpoint of the Indian people on product placement by targeting children through advertisements. Whether such advertisements should be allowed or they should be controlled or restricted. 

Open Access Review Article

Nordic Gender Regimes and Gender Equality Politics

Aniceta Aranzanso Chua

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/43942

The Nordic countries are generally known to be a strong force in the promotion of gender equality in comparison with non-Nordic countries. Although there are a number of arguments regarding the Nordic gender regimes, there is still very little understanding about the features of gender regimes of the Nordic countries and existing political measures targeting the gender regime. Drawing on a literature review of articles in scientific publications, this paper presents characteristics of Nordic gender regimes and important measures in Nordic gender equality politics. It is revealed that state involvement is a key factor of the Nordic gender regime. Important measures in Nordic gender equality politics are discussed.