Open Access Original Research Article

Care and Assessment of Early Development According to Cultural Paradigm

Yulia Solovieva, Hector Pelayo, Luis Quintanar

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/40996

Organization of assessment and care during first years of life requires of theoretical psychological argumentation. Conception of historical and cultural psychology, introduced by L.S. Vygotsky is one of possible backgrounds for such argumentation.  Early childhood should be understood as a specific period of development or specific psychological age. Ways of care and assessment depends on the level of professional knowledge and preparation of specialists. The article offers an opportunity of inclusion of early development into general neuropsychological conception of child’ development. Developmental procedures and organization of life should be taken into account by parents, teachers and other specialists. Original conception and proposals of the authors in relation to attendance of newborns by Master Program in Neuropsychology in Mexico are presented. Organization of emotional and personal communication between adult and child in specific kinds of joint actions is the basic method for care and assessment. The authors discuss the possibility of establishment of methodological relation between understanding of systems of care of newborns and fundamental concepts of neuropsychological theory within historical and cultural paradigm of development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Students and Teachers Attitudes Responsible for Poor Academic Performance of Junior High School Students

David Baidoo-Anu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/40174

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of students and teachers attitudes on the academic performance of students in Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District, Ghana. A descriptive design was used. The target population for this study consisted of school children and teachers. The study population was made up of students, and teachers of Asikuma Circuit Junior High Schools.  Simple random sampling was used to select four public Junior High Schools from the circuit. The researcher also used all the teachers in the selected Junior High Schools for the study. The sample size was 205 students. The questionnaire was deemed most appropriate for the study. The questionnaires were designed respectively for school teachers and students. Percentages and frequencies were used to analyze the background information of the participants and the two research questions. The following key findings were made; teacher attitudes that contributed to the low academic achievement of the students in Asikuma Circuit Junior High Schools include: teacher’s regular absence from school and teacher’s lateness to school. However, students’ attitudes that are responsible for their poor academic achievement in the Asikuma Circuit Junior High Schools are absenteeism, peer group influence, lateness to school and students not enjoying teacher’s lessons. Ghana Education Service in Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District should educate students on the adverse effects of absenteeism, truancy and peer group influence on academic performance. The schools should adopt the strategy to reward students who come to school on regular basis and those who come to school early. This reinforcement strategy will motivate students who do not like going to school or who do not go to school early to also learn to be going to school on regular basis and also be punctual. 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Perceptions of Junior High School Students and Teachers towards Teaching and Learning of Integrated Science at Komenda-Edina-Eguafo- Abrim District

David Baidoo-Anu, Grace Essuman Mensah

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/40173

The purpose of the study was to find out the perceptions of Junior High School students and their teachers towards teaching and learning of integrated science at Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrim District. Specifically, the study aims to find out the perception of teachers on the availability and adequacy of science teaching and learning resources and the perception of junior high school students in KEEA district towards the teaching and learning of Integrated Science. A descriptive survey design was used for the study. The target population of this study was the entire public basic schools teachers in KEEA District. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select the students for the study. The study found out that non-availability of science laboratory, inadequate science apparatus in helping with teaching and learning, an inadequate library for research in teaching and learning of integrated science and inadequate furniture in the classroom for teaching and learning of integrated science were the major problems perceived by teachers. The study again found that the students have positive perception towards the teaching and learning of integrated science. However, they perceive integrated science as a difficult subject.

Conclusions: It was recommended that Government should provide the district with the necessary teaching and learning materials to aid the teaching and learning of integrated science in the KEEA district.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies as Pedagogical Approaches on Students’ Academic Performance in Basic Science

Etobro, A. Benjamin, Fabinu, O. Emmanuel

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/40830

Instruction involves the art of impacting knowledge unto students in order to bring about a change in behaviour as a result of experiences from the impacted knowledge. The art of impacting knowledge requires the teacher selecting appropriate pedagogical strategies that would bring about appreciable academic achievement among the students. This study was carried out to examine the effects of peer-assisted learning strategies as pedagogical approaches on students’ academic performance in basic science. The study involved 213 students randomly sampled from eight junior secondary schools in education district iii of lagos state. Basic science achievement test on (bsat) was used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of mean scores and analysis of covariance (ancova). Findings revealed that students exposed to peer-assisted learning strategies generally outperformed those in the traditional lecture group with average mean sores of 10.92 and 7.44, respectively. Furthermore, results showed that there was a significant effect of treatment on students’ achievement scores in basic science, f (3, 204) = 24.23, p<0.05, partial ɳ2 = .263, r2 =.272. There is no significant interaction effect between teaching strategies and gender on students mean achievement score in basic science, f(3, 204) = 0.296; p > 0.05, partial ɳ2 = .004, r2 =.272. Inferentially, peer-assisted learning strategies can help to enhance students’ academic performance.  Consequently, education stakeholders particularly teachers, school authorities and educational administrators should ensure that peer-assisted learning strategies are integrated into the teaching-learning process.

Open Access Original Research Article

Demographic Variables and In-School-Adolescents’ Perception of Corruption in Calabar, Nigeria

P. A. Okpechi, C. P. Denwigwe, P. N. Asuquo, C. Abuo, F. U. Unimna, O. N. Kolawole

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/41631

Over the years, corruption has been recognized as a topical, pervasive and existential challenge to Nigeria’s development, but scarcely has there been attempt to relate its perception to in-school-adolescents who are being prepared for the future. This literature gap motivated the authors to focus on how young people perceived the prevalence of this persistent phenomenon that undermines the progressive well- being of the society. As future leaders, revealing their perception regarding corruption is significant in that it could guide policymakers and administrators to plan relevant and targeted anti-corruption policies and programmes for them. Using a questionnaire instrument to collect data from a sample of 200 subjects and simple percentage and t-test statistics for analysis, the study sought to ascertain the perception level of corruption among secondary school students across age, gender and self-concept. The results revealed a generally high perception of prevalence of corrupt practices which cuts across all the sub-variables of the study as they were found to be significant factors that shaped respondents’ perception. Amongst others, it was recommended that governments, schools and counsellors at all levels of the school system should provide programmes that will raise more awareness on corruption among students as well as build their self esteem and efficacy to appreciate and develop appropriate and better response patterns on the menace of corruption.