Open Access Original Research Article

Psychosocial Challenges of Student Nursing Mothers in Tertiary Institutions in Imo State, Nigeria

C. Onyeka Gospel-Tony, A. Nelson-Okartar Ezinne, U. Obinna-Akakuru Annabel

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/39594

This research investigated the psychosocial challenges of student nursing mothers in tertiary institutions in Imo State. The study employed survey research design. The population of this study consisted the entire nursing mothers studying in regular programmes in all the tertiary institutions in Imo State (Imo State University Owerri, Federal University of Technology, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Federal College of Land Resources Technology Oforola, Owerri and Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri) in the 2015/2016 academic session, which were 521 in number. The sample size for the study was 248, which is 50% of the entire population. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire. The face and content validity of the instrument was established by two experts in Educational Psychology and two experts in Measurement and Evaluation, all from Imo State University. The Reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.88. It was established through test-retest method of the Pearson product moment correlation co-efficiency. The data gathered was analyzed using frequency counts, mean, standard deviations and z-test statistics. Findings revealed the nature of psychosocial challenges which nursing mothers in tertiary institutions face and also indicated that these challenges negatively affect the academic performance of these students. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made which includes that School management should ensure that they always have a well prepared school calendar which must be adhered to and make it easily accessible to students especially nursing mothers. Also, Lecturers should show concern by informing students how and when assessments will be and make study materials/resources readily available so as to enable students nursing mothers prepare adequately for improved academic performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Child Labor and Students’ Participation in Primary School Education in Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia

Ermias Shirko Otaye, Mary Thuo, Tegegn Hailu

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/40704

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the kind of work school children do, and to identify factors that predict engagement in child labor.        

Study Design:  A descriptive survey research design was employed.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in ten schools selected from four divisions and one administrative town in Wolaita zone from January 2017 to February 2018.          

Methodology: Data were obtained from 120 students (6th-8th graders), who were randomly selected to respond to the questionnaire while interviews were conducted with 10 principals. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation and Linear Regression.

Results: Findings revealed that children combined work and schooling where main activities included; doing household chores, carrying materials in the town, agricultural activities (cultivating), hotel work and selling lottery tickets. Reasons for engaging in child labor were linked to poverty, need to help the family, parents’ low education, large family size and students’ need for money. Findings revealed that the consequences of child labor were; dropping-out, low academic performance and low participation in the classroom. To an extent, absenteeism, getting late to school and repetition were also observed. Factors such as having a parent or not, individual and family characteristics predicted whether a student actively participated in schooling or not.

Conclusion: Strategies to counteract child labor practices require persistently working with parents in matters of their children education. The government, non-government organizations and local agencies should work collaboratively to enlighten the society on dangers and consequences of child labor. Besides, the government should look for ways to improve the infrastructure to create job opportunities for the community, in addition to enforcing child labor laws. At the institutional level, students should be given support through guidance and counseling on issues related to work and schooling.

Open Access Original Research Article

Environmental Adult Education Delivery Strategies for Promoting Effective Participation in Activities for Proper Solid Waste Management among Urban Dwellers in Abia State

O. F. Ononeze, P. C. Ibe, P. E. N. Okoroafor

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/39593

This study investigated environmental adult education delivery strategies for promoting effective participation in activities for proper solid waste management among urban dwellers in Abia state. The researchers used a structured questionnaire to collect data from sampled health workers and residence in the study area. A total of 195 health workers and residence of Abia State participated in the study as a sample. The instrument was validated by two experts and had a reliability coefficient of 0.85. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research questions and z-Test for the hypothesis. The results of the study revealed that the environmental adult education delivery strategies promoted effective participation in activities for proper solid waste management to a large extent as a grand mean score of 3.48 which is within the range was realized. Also, the use of print media; electronic media, door to door visits, educational forum and natural group are the environmental adult education delivery strategies for solid waste management, and these strategies created proper solid waste management awareness to a large extent. Also, there is no significant difference in the mean ratings of health workers and residents on the extent to which they promote effective participation in activities for proper solid waste management. It was recommended among others that the State Environmental Workers should always have a better time to relay their programmes on the electronic media such as television or radio to capture a wider audience for effective participation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mediating Influence of Academic Self-Efficacy on the Nexus between Cognitive Engagement and Learning Outcome of Secondary School Students

Victor Moses, Abdulwahid Umma

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/40210

The purpose of this study was to examine predictions of a model explaining mediated effects, direct and indirect, of academic self-efficacy on the relationship between cognitive engagements and learning outcome in a sample of 380 Senior Secondary School Students [mean age = 15.84±2.56]. The questionnaire was used to collect data on cognitive engagement and academic self-efficacy while learning outcome was measured via performance test in three subjects administered in the classroom. Data collected were analysed by software; LISREL version 9.30. The results strongly supported the model demonstrating that deep cognitive processing and persistence directly predicts learning outcome and indirectly predicts learning outcome when mediated by academic self-efficacy. Shallow cognitive processing poorly predicts academic self-efficacy and negatively predicts learning outcome. As expected, academic self-efficacy directly predicts learning outcome. The study concludes that the impact of cognitive engagement on learning outcome of students can be greatly enhanced by their level of self-efficacy.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction of Women Employees in Public and Private Sectors in Sylhet City, Bangladesh

Abdullah Al Zabir, Md. Nur Mozahid, Md. Shojib Bhuiyan, Romana Akter Lima, Anika Tasnim

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2018/41270

This study strives to figure out the variables that influence job satisfaction of women employees of different public and private institutions of Sylhet city, Bangladesh. Primary data from 60 women were collected through face to face interview. Results showed that most of the women employees were in the age bracket 27-37 and 38-47. Majority of employees had an experience with 5-10 years. The findings capitulated that most of the employees were dissatisfied with sexual harassment, child care facilities, the opportunity for career development and transportation facilities. They were gratified with their job satisfaction facets such as maternity leave, equally distributed workload, emergency leave, pay and benefits, excellent communication with coworkers and good relationship with immediate supervisor. Among the thirteen factors, only seven factors highly satisfied them to perform their work and three factors were detrimental to doing well.