Open Access Original Research Article

Teachers’ Perceived Self-efficacy in Modifying Problem Behaviors among High School Learners in Nairobi County, Kenya

L. Macharia, T. Wang’eri, J. Dinga

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2017/38022

Aim: The purpose of this study was to establish teachers’ beliefs in their ability to modify the behavior of learners engaging in health risk behaviors - bullying, pre-marital sex and drug/substance abuse.

Methodology: A descriptive survey research design, stratified random sampling, a population of 1,824 secondary school teachers in Nairobi County, Kenya, a sample of 364 teachers (103 males, 261 females) and a questionnaire were used in the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square, ANOVA and t-tests.

Results: Findings indicated that majority of teachers had a strong perceived self-efficacy.  Bullying: Strong 80.77%, weak 19.23%; Early sex: Strong 68.68%, weak 31.32 and Drug/substance abuse: Strong 70.37% and weak 29.63%. Results also indicated that there were no significant gender differences in teachers’ perceived self-efficacy (t= -1.03, df=310, p>0.05; t= -0.47, df=286, p>0.05; t= 0.26, df=295, p>0.05). The mean for perceived self-efficacy score in handling bullying for both male and female teachers was almost the same - that is (18.78) and (19.82) respectively; premarital sex, males (22.10) while that for females is (22.59); Drug/substance abuse, males (21.82) while that for females was (21.55). More females perceive themselves as being able to handle bullying and premarital sex as opposed to males, though the difference was insignificant. In conclusion, majority of the teachers had a high perceived self-efficacy. 

Conclusion: Teachers have a strong perceived self-efficacy in modifying health risk behaviors among high school learners. There are no significant gender differences in teachers’ perceived self-efficacy. However, the teacher curriculum should be adjusted to include knowledge and skills that equip teachers in controlling health risk behaviors and especially premarital sex in which teachers had the lowest perceived self-efficacy. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Teachers’ Causal Attributions in Controlling Premarital Sex among Adolescents in Secondary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya

L. Macharia, T. Wang’eri, J. Dinga

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2017/38021

Aim: Teachers play a key role in modifying learners’ involvement in premarital sex. Their success depends on where they lay blame for this behavior. The objective of this study was to establish teachers’ causal attributions in controlling adolescents’ initiation into premarital sex.

Methodology: A sample of 364 teachers (103 males, 261 females) was drawn from a population of 1,824 secondary school teachers.  In addition to this, a questionnaire was used to collect data which was analyzed using descriptive statistics and results presented in pie charts and bar charts. 

Results: The respondents made the following causal attributions towards adolescents’ initiation into premarital sex: Personality factors 46.84% (immorality 18.93%, indiscipline 17.80%, irresponsibility 16.67%, avoid consequences 14.97%, lack of self-control 14.41%, curiosity 12.71% and ignorance 4.52%.); Peer-Related Factors 16.94% (peer pressure 89.08% and peer gangs 10.92%); School Factors 16.26% (lack of sex education 78.31% and lack of guidance and counseling 21.69%); Family Factors 10.22% (lack of parental guidance 96.19% and family conflicts 3.8%) and Social-economic factors (Media 66%, societal moral decay 14%, early exposure to sex 13% and poverty 7%).

Conclusion: Teachers make varying causal attributions towards adolescent initiation into marital sex behavior. The causal attributions were analyzed under personality, peer related, school, family and socio-economic factors.  The findings form a basis for understanding teachers’ ability to control adolescent premarital sex behaviors. To facilitate teachers’ control over adolescents’ early sex initiation, teachers understanding of their style of attribution should be addressed.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study of College Students Perceived Sport Benefit, Tennis Learning Satisfaction, and Participation Behavioral Intention

Chih- Peng, Tsai

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2017/39124

The purpose of this study is to analyze the college students perceived sport benefit, learning satisfaction, and both for the future tennis participation effects of behavioral intentions. In this study, elective tennis students as the research subject from six universities, adopted the method of census survey, a total 342 effective questionnaires were collected. The effective data used descriptive statistics and Partial Least Squares (PLS), this study has the following findings: 1. The students that are generally considered to be engaged in sports can bring physical, psychological, and social benefits. 2. Students have a high degree of satisfaction from the learning of tennis, and the intention of engaging in sports is also high in the future. 3. The students' perception of sports benefits has a positive effect on the learning satisfaction from tennis course. 4. The students perceived sport benefit and learning satisfaction have positive effect on behavior intention. According to the above findings, this study not only gives suggestion for physical education teaching, but also support research reference direction to the future researchers.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study of Basketball Course Teaching Quality, Sports Enjoyment, and Learning Satisfaction in College Students

Chia- Yuan, Yang

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2017/39751

The purpose of this study is to analyze the college students perceived of teaching quality, sports enjoyment, and both influences on learning satisfaction with the basketball course. In this study, eight university students as the research object; adopt the random-sampling method, a total 1026 effective questionnaires were collected. The effective questionnaires used descriptive statistics and partial least squares (PLS), this studied have the following findings: 1. the quality of teaching is "teachers have professional skills" as the highest. 2. the sports enjoyment is "it can improve health" as the highest. 3. the learning satisfaction is "the technical ability of the teacher " as the highest. 4. The teaching quality has a positive effect on the sports enjoyment and the learning satisfaction. In addition, sports enjoyment has a mediating effect. According to the above findings, this study not only to make recommendations for the implementation basketball teaching of the university, but also for future researchers give research reference.

Open Access Original Research Article

Domestic Violence vs. Future of the Children Case Study in the Eravur Pattu Divisional Secretariat Division, Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka

J. Kennedy, A. Sujedran

Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJESS/2017/38592

Domestic violence in Sri Lanka plays a vital role in Gender Based Violence. The degree of such violence differs from place to place and house to house. Many parents, especially the mothers, who mainly reside at Sittandy, Mavadivembu, and Vantharumoolai at the Eravur Pattu Divisional Secretariat Division, Batticaloa District have migrated to Middle East countries for work due to such violence. Parents and their children’s future become questionable though their parents are virtually living. The women who migrate to any foreign country are doubly oppressed; both physically in their working places and mentally – thinking their own future and their children to whom they are migrated. The children of such migratory parents face many difficulties and their future also becomes questionable as that of their mothers. Objectives of this particular study is to check how far these children are affected due to the domestic violence that their parents are involved in and if there are any, then do the children used to cope up with. Children of these conditions may face many challenges like mental and physical harassment, lack of necessary psychosocial well being and these things can be happen at every place where they are involve in. Now these target villages were selected due to the recent increasing rate of reported cases on domestic violence. The research was conducted on mixed method, by organizing personal interviews of the victimized children along with their parents and informations of the relevant family status were collected through higher authority of District Child Protection Unit (DCPU) of the Batticaloa District. Based on the analysis, this research reveals that domestic violence forces children to become orphans due to the migration of parents, especially loss the mothers.