Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="text-align: justify;">Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies</strong><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2581-6268)</strong></span>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJESS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Education and Social sciences. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 2581-6268 Effectiveness of Conflict Resolution Strategies in a Public Secondary Schools’ Management in Morogoro Municipality in Tanzania <p>This study intended to assess effectiveness of conflict resolution strategies in a public secondary schools’ management in Morogoro Municipality. The study employed a descriptive research design based on mixed research approach. Both purposive and random sampling techniques were used in selecting study area and 112 respondents from 7 public secondary schools in Morogoro municipality. Questionnaires and interviews were research instruments used to collect data. Also, the collected data were descriptively analyzed to generate the frequencies and percentages with the help of SPSS software version 25. The study results showed that conflict resolution strategies have positive impact on the effectiveness management by ensuring peace and harmony, high job performance, high academic performance, the spirit of teamwork, high retention of teachers and problem-solving. Based on the study findings, a researcher recommended that the school administrator should involve teachers in conflict management methods to allow for the creation of good and constructive relationships.</p> Anna Alex Marcel Mukadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 1 8 10.9734/ajess/2022/v32i230763 Design and Validation of a Scale to Measure Attitudes towards Abortion Legislation; Application of Explanatory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis <p>General societal attitudes on induced abortion can influence the health sector policy response towards providing safe abortion services. This study aimed to develop a scale and evaluate the validity and reliability to measure public attitudes towards abortion legislation. An scale was developed by adapting existing scales and finalized with experts’ opinions. An interview schedule was administered among 728 adults residents in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Validity and reliability were tested after performing Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA).</p> <p>The finalized scale contained 8 items and 2 factors named “Attitudes towards soft reasons” and “Attitudes towards hard reasons”. The two factors explained 71% of the total variability. The CFA showed a good model fit. Composite Reliability for the first and second factors were 0.938 and 0.890 respectively. The scale’s internal consistency correlation coefficient was at the acceptable level (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.923 and 0.850, McDonald’s omega = 0.915 and 0.863 for the first and second factors respectively). The Average Variance Extracted of the two factors were 0.792 and 0.671 whereas the Maximum Shared Squared Variance was 0.054. The correlation between the two factors was 0.23.</p> <p>The scale is proved to have high validity and reliability to measure the public attitudes towards abortion legislation.</p> M. Suchira Suranga Kalinga Tudor Silva Lakshman Senanayake ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 9 20 10.9734/ajess/2022/v32i230764