Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="text-align: justify;">Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies</strong><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2581-6268)</strong></span>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJESS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Education and Social sciences. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 2581-6268 The Role of Principal Leadership in Preventing COVID-19 Transmission at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Karang Tengah Buay Madang Timur Indonesia <p><strong>Aims:</strong> The purpose of this study was to explore (1) the role of the principal's leadership (2) the steps for decision-making by the principal (3) the efforts of the principal in preventing transmission of the COVID-19 virus in SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Karang Tengah Buay Madang Timur, Indonesia</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> This study uses a qualitative approach with descriptive methods.</p> <p>Place and Duration of Study: Research at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Karang Tengah on&nbsp;&nbsp; March 2020-May 2020.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The data collection technique is doing through interviews, observation, and documentation. The research subjects were the principal and several students.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of this study indicate that (1) the role of the principal in decision making is included in managerial competence. (2) the steps for decision making by the principal, namely (a) problem identification, (b) making alternative solutions; (c) choosing a solution; (d) implementing and evaluating solutions. (3) the efforts of the principal in preventing the transmission of the Covid-19 virus in the school environment, namely by eliminating face-to-face learning and learning replaced by online education or Learning From Home.&nbsp; Schools also spray all classrooms and school environments; the principal makes rules for all school members to comply with health protocols according to the decision of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number Hk.01.07 / Menkes / 382/2020 regarding health protocols always to use masks, wash hands and keep a distance from all school members. At the time of collecting students, assignments are divided into several waves so that students do not crowd at school.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> The principal acts as a manager at the school level. In decision making at the school level, a manager must reason in determining the decisions to be made. To prevent transmission of COVID-19, the principal adheres to the health protocol according to the decision of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number Hk.01.07 / Menkes / 382/2020 during school activities.</p> Wahid Hasim Enung Hasanah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 1 10 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i130279 Ragging and Its Impacts on the English Language Use of the First Year Undergraduate Community: Sri Lankan Perspective <p>Ragging is a form of teasing introduced into Sri Lankan universities with an alleged aim of assimilating new students to the university culture. The origin of ragging is not known and over the years ragging has become a form of violent action and bullying, which harms junior students physically as well as mentally. It is generally accepted that classroom interaction would help develop students’ English language proficiency, especially speaking skills. Among some of the reasons for students not to involve in interaction with lecturers, ragging (hazing) in universities seems to play a significant role.</p> <p>The study focused on the effects of ragging on students’ participation in language classes and their involvement in classroom discussions with lecturers, especially in the English medium content classes. Classroom discussion in the English medium classes is believed to be effective in improving the comprehension of content matters while offering a platform to develop language skills as well. Data were collected through focus group discussions and personal interviews with students and the staff of the university. The study revealed that multi-faceted sub-set of factors influenced students' behaviour in class. Students’ perception and justification of the said behaviour affect classroom interaction. Among the significant sub-set of factors, culturally embedded behavioural patterns perpetuated by senior students that come in the form of ragging seem to restrict the classroom interaction of the students in English. The study stresses the importance of examining the influence of culturally embedded behavioural factors on classroom interaction of the undergraduate community.</p> A. M. M. Navaz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 11 20 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i130280 What Makes Employees Productive and Have High Performance? Human Capital Investment in Universities <p>The study describes the evaluation results concerning the improvement of the education levels among the employees of a university in Indonesia by making an investment in education. The study is aimed at investigating the employees’ productivity and performance after making an investment in education. This study with evaluation method using discrepancy model. The sample of the study consisted of 255&nbsp; non-academic university employees. Data were collected by way of a questionnaire on Guttmann scale. The questionnaire was validated by using logical and empirical validation by a Pearson correlation technique and reliability by KR-20 technique. The data analysis with descriptive. To calculate the capital human investment, the human capital investment formula was used for finding payback period, benefit/cost ration, return-on-investment, net-present-value, and internal-rate-of-return. The results of the study showed that the employees who made human capital investment in education were able to increase their productivity and performance as their insights, knowledge, and skills improved. The research findings were able to give insights to leaders in high-level institutions or government institutions that investing in education is truly essential, needs more attention, and needs to be done by employees.</p> Fitri Nurmahmudah Eka Cahya Sari Putra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 21 36 10.9734/ajess/2020/v11i130281