Evaluation of the Handling of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Capitalist and Socialist Countries: A Systematic Review

Agus Perry Kusuma

Department of Public Health, Dian Nuswantoro University, Jl. Imam Bonjol 207, Semarang-50131, Central Java, Indonesia Semarang, Central Java, Indonsia.

Slamet Isworo *

Department of Environmental Health, Dian Nuswantoro University, Jl. Imam Bonjol 207, Semarang-50131, Central Java, Indonesia Semarang, Central Java, Indonsia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Background and Objective: The world was divided into two major ideologies of power, involving countries of socialist and democratic capitalism, which presented different ways of dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Each major power claims to be the best informed and resolute in handling the pandemic. In this sense, this study aims to analyze the success factors in coping with the pandemic in countries with capitalist and socialist government regimes.

Methods:  This study uses a systematic review of the literature, using the PICO strategy for the construction of the research question, the bibliographic search and the best available scientific information in the systematization.

Results: Summarize the main results described in Table 2, indicating how many articles presented better and worse results in socialist and capitalist countries.

Conclusion: Socialist countries, despite acting in a repressive and authoritarian way, had better results in facing the COVID-19 pandemic, compared to capitalist countries. Care is needed when interpreting these results, due to the risk of manipulation of information adopted in socialist countries, due to the control of the media and government bodies.

Keywords: Handling Covid-19, socialist country, democratic capitalism country, COVID-19 pandemic

How to Cite

Kusuma , A. P., & Isworo , S. (2023). Evaluation of the Handling of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Capitalist and Socialist Countries: A Systematic Review. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 41(4), 6–17. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2023/v41i4900


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