Correlating the School Climate and Teacher Leadership of Catholic Schools in Antique, Philippines
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies,
Aims: This study assessed the degree of school climate and extent of teacher leadership of Catholic schools in Antique, Philippines. It also investigated the difference in the school climate when assessors were grouped according to the designation. Likewise, it correlated the teachers' age, sex, employment status, educational attainment, and professional status with the teacher leadership. Finally, it determined the relationship between school climate and teacher leadership.
Methodology: The study utilized the descriptive-comparative and correlational design. The respondents were 486 administrators, teachers, and students of these Catholic schools during 2020-2021. It employed the adopted school climate questionnaire and standardized teacher leadership scale in gathering the data. In data analysis, Mean, Standard Deviation, Frequency Count, Percentage Distribution, Rank, Kruskal Wallis, and Spearman Rank Correlation were used.
Results: Generally, the school climate (M=2.87, SD=0.56) is very satisfactory with relationship (M=3.02, SD=0.66) as the highest and physical resources aspect (M=2.73, SD=0.69), the lowest. The teacher leadership (M=3.03, SD=0.56) is practiced to a great extent with community (M=3.16, SD=0.62) as the highest and policy (M=2.96, SD=0.65) and professional learning (M=2.95, SD=0.64), the lowest. It also showed that there was no difference in school climate assessment [H(1)=0.688, P=.407]. Regarding the correlation, there was no relationship between age [ρ(153)=-0.020, P=.808], sex [ρ(153)=0.076, P=.350], employment status [ρ(153)=0.036, P=.657], educational attainment [ρ(153)=0.140, P=.082], professional status [ρ(153)=-0.028, P=.730] and teacher leadership. Meanwhile, there was relationship between the school climate and teacher leadership [ρ(484)=0.605, P=.000]. The top school climate challenges are teaching strategies, academic loading, and physical environment. In terms of teacher leadership, the top issues are teacher evaluation, professional development support, communicative relationship, and teacher involvement and recognition.
Conclusion: Establishment of a healthy and supportive Catholic school environment is vitally essential both in maintaining the school climate and in mobilizing the teachers in their exercise of leadership.
- Educational management
- school climate
- teacher leadership
- Antique Catholic schools
How to Cite
Xie D. A study of teacher leadership and its relationship with school climate in American public schools: Findings from SASS. 2008;2003–2004.
Nguyen D, Harris A, Ng D. A review of the empirical research on teacher leadership (2003–2017). Journal of Educational Administration; 2019.
Kilinç AÇ. Examining the relationship between teacher leadership and school climate. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice. 2014;14(5):1729-1742.
Xie C, Song P, Hu H. Measuring teacher leadership in different domains of practice: development and validation of the teacher leadership scale. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher. 2020;1-11.
Berg JH, Carver CL, Mangin MM. Teacher leader model standards: Implications for preparation, policy, and practice. Journal of Research on Leadership Education. 2014;9(2):195-217. Available: https://doi.org/10.1177/1942775113507714
Aliakbari M, Sadeghi A. Iranian teachers’ perceptions of teacher leadership practices in schools. Educational Management Administration & Leadership. 2014;42(4): 576-592.
Grant C, Gardner K, Kajee F, Moodley R, Somaroo S. Teacher leadership: A survey analysis of KwaZulu-Natal teachers’ perceptions. South African Journal of Education. 2010;30(3).
Alegado PJE. The challenges of teacher leadership in the Philippines as experienced and perceived by teachers. International Journal of Education and Research. 2018;6(6):291-302.
Oracion CC. Teacher leadership in public schools in the Philippines (Doctoral dissertation, UCL Institute of Education); 2014.
Jorilla CD, Bual JM. Demographics as a variable in assessing the teaching competence of teachers in Catholic schools. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2020;3(2):33-34.
Roberto J, Madrigal D. Teacher quality in the light of the Philippine professional standards for teachers. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2018;1(1):67-80.
Cardenas HJC, Cerado EC. School climate, teachers' efficiency, and learning outcomes in Koronadal city schools division, Philippines. Journal of Modern Education Review. 2016;6(1):19-25.
Cabatbat ZA, Carrera B. School climate and its effect on the work performance of senior high school teachers in Pangasinan, Philippines. ASEAN Multidisciplinary Research Journal. 2019;2(1):1-19.
Dalanon J, Diano LM, Belarmino MP, Hayama R, Miyagi M, Matsuka Y. A Philippine rural school's organizational climate, teachers' performance, and management competencies. Online Submission. 2018;6(1):248-265.
Thorpe R, Gold J, Lawler J. Locating distributed leadership. International Journal of Management Reviews. 2011;13(3):239-250.
Spillane JP, Camburn EM, Pustejovsky J, Pareja AS, & Lewis G. Taking a distributed perspective. Journal of Educational Administration. 2008;46(2):189.
Laureta ALN, Dioso DPD. The satisfaction of students and parents on school services of Catholic schools in Southern Antique. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2020;3(2):49-50. Available:https://doi.org/10.52006/main.v3i2.229
Ballarta JT, Roberto JT. Job satisfaction and teaching performance of basic education teachers in Catholic schools. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2020;3(2):57-58.
Shakeel MD, DeAngelis CA. Can private schools improve school climate? Evidence from a nationally representative sample. Journal of School Choice. 2018;12(3):426-445.
Krommendyk M. The association between school choice and school climate: Comparing school climate in private religious, charter, and public schools; 2007.
Bual J, Madrigal D. The quality of Catholic education in a diocesan school relative to the Philippine Catholic school standards. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2018;1(1):41-53.
Banusing RO, Bual JM. The quality of Catholic education of diocesan schools in the province of Antique. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2020;3(2):35-36.
Maney JS, King C, Kiely TJ. Who do you say you are: Relationships and faith in Catholic schools. Journal of Catholic Education. 2017;21(1):36-61.
Teague JB. Safe environment training: Effects on Catholic school teachers' and administrators' school security and satisfaction; 2013.
Van der Westhuizen PC, Mosoge MJ, Swanepoel LH, Coetse LD. Organizational culture and academic achievement in secondary schools. Education and Urban Society. 2005;38(1):89-109.
Jungco CY, Madrigal DV. Awareness and utilization of web 2.0 technology of young teachers in Catholic schools. Philippine Social Science Journal. 2020;3(2):53-54.
Boyle M, Donahue G, Donoghue M, Faber DA, Jones F, Ray-Timoney J, et al. Witness to hope: Catholic schools respond to COVID-19. Journal of Catholic Education. 2020;23(1).
Ulla MB, Barrera KIB, Acompanado MM. Philippine classroom teachers as researchers: Teachers’ perceptions, motivations, and challenges. Australian Journal of Teacher Education. 2017;42 (11):4.
Harris A, Jones M. Teacher leadership and educational change. School Leadership and Management. 2019;39(2):123-126.
Alger G. Transformational leadership practices of teacher leaders. Academic Leadership: The Online Journal. 2008;6 (2):19.
Rupšienė L, Skarbalienė A. The characteristics of teacher leadership. Tiltai. 2010;(4):67-76.
Chinelo OD, Ogbah R. The school climate: challenges facing principals in secondary schools in the Delta State of Nigeria. Journal of emerging trends in educational research and policy studies. 2013;4(1):53-63.
Koth CW, Bradshaw CP, Leaf PJ. A multi-level study of predictors of student perceptions of school climate: The effect of classroom-level factors. Journal of Educational Psychology. 2008;100(1):96.
Wadesango N, Bayaga A. Management of schools: Teachers’ involvement in decision-making processes. African Journal of Business Management. 2013;7 s(17):1689-1694.
Abstract View: 752 times
PDF Download: 192 times