Self-Directed Learning, Self-Efficacy in Learning, and Academic Motivation of Public Senior High School Students
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies,
Aims: The absence of data complementing independent learning, which is vital in the pandemic-induced distance learning, propelled the conduct of study. The study aimed to assess Self-Directed Learning, Self-Efficacy in Learning, and Academic Motivation of Public Senior High School Students, and investigated what demographic variable may influence each. It also sought to determine the correlation between the constructs.
Methodology: The study utilized descriptive and correlational design. Respondents were the 332 Grade-12 students from the Schools Division of Cadiz City, School Year 2020-2021, determined using multi-stage random sampling. Data were generated using the Self-Directed Learning Inventory, Self-Efficacy in Learning Form, and Academic Motivation Scale – High School Version. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, chi-square test of association, and Spearman rho rank correlation.
Results: There was no significant relationship between demographics and Self-Directed Learning, likewise with Academic Motivation. There was no significant relationship between sex and Self-Efficacy in Learning, however the latter had a significant relationship with family income (P=.05) and track (P=.03). There was a significant relationship between self-directed learning and self-efficacy in learning (P=.000), and between self-directed learning and academic motivation (P=.000).
Conclusion: Student demographics do not influence their disposition to engage in learning activities and with their perceived reasons to participate in it. Family income, together with the track where they belong, may influence their belief in their innate capabilities. Students who are internally driven to learn, and who have strong belief in their capabilities, will find all means to master competence on academics, even without the help of other people.
- high school students
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