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The development of Critical Thinking is recognized as the main criterion of educational quality in international forums of Higher Education. However, there are few studies on the teaching processes, skills and methods to meet this criterion in Peruvian universities. This paper presents a review of the different approaches to critical thinking with an emphasis on students of the medical technology career at the National University of Jaén. The theoretical foundations of critical thinking are addressed, it is contextualized in the careers of health science, it is linked to scientific production and reasoning and the university environment from the various perspectives of critical thinking with an emphasis on university students. All this in order to present critical thinking in the daily dynamics of students of the medical technology career at the National University of Jaén, Peru.
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