Dynamic Assessment in the EFL Classroom: The Case of Listening Comprehension

Main Article Content

Hamza Alshenqeeti
Grami Mohammad A. Grami

Abstract

The current study evaluates the potential of dynamic assessment (DA) in listening comprehension classes. DA is based on the sociocultural aspect of the Vygotskyan theory. It facilitates language improvement because DA assumes that mental instruments mediate psychological exercises. Although DA has been extensively analyzed, few studies have investigated its impact on listening comprehension in the language classroom. This study intends to fill the research gap in listening comprehension studies using DA as a mediation tool. The purpose of the current study therefore is to assess the effects of dynamic assessment on listening comprehension. A total of fifty-six English as a foreign language (hereinafter EFL) learners took part in the present examination. The subjects took a general placement proficiency test developed by the English Language Centre within the university to ensure participant homogeneity. The researcher recorded pre-test and post-test results of the participants and coded the values quantitatively. Data management and analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA to test reliability and validity. The relevance of DA in enhancing listening comprehension is clearly supported by the fact that DA students’ results outperformed their counterparts in the study. The study findings also indicated a need for language educators to utilise mediation techniques in order to enhance students’ listening skills.  Educators are advised to apply more DA approaches to mitigate student resistance to classroom instructions. These discoveries underscore the efficacy of DA and suggest its inclusion in the language-learning curriculum.

Keywords:
Dynamic assessment, EFL, listening comprehension, sociocultural theory, task familiarity.

Article Details

How to Cite
Alshenqeeti, H., & A. Grami, G. M. (2019). Dynamic Assessment in the EFL Classroom: The Case of Listening Comprehension. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 5(4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2019/v5i430160
Section
Original Research Article

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